It’s foolhardy to underestimate the significance of CIBIL score. You might be earning a sizeable income and have multiple assets to your name, but if your CIBIL score is not up to the mark, you can lose the very chance of obtaining a personal loan, home loan, or rather any other type of credit from a bank.
Fortunately, it’s never too late to start caring about your CIBIL score calculation. So, if you want to become more careful with your credit usage, it can help to learn about the top 4 things that affect your CIBIL score:
- Payment History
Late payments are often the biggest reason behind a low CIBIL score. These include credit card bills, loan EMIs, etc.
When you don’t pay your credit card bills, etc. on time, it reflects irresponsibility towards money management. Moreover, it shows that you can’t be trusted with credit. Thus, credit rating companies such as CIBIL, Equifax, etc. can deduct a large number of points from your score.
If you want to increase credit score in the fastest way possible, then just start paying your bills on time. Set up reminders on your phone if need be, but make sure that you don’t delay a single payment ever.
- High Credit Utilization
Credit utilization plays a big role in CIBIL score calculation, but what’s it exactly?
Credit utilization is the ratio of the amount of credit you spend every month on average to the amount of total credit available to you.
For instance, if you have 2 credit cards, with Rs. 50,000 credit limit on each, then the total credit available becomes Rs. 1 lakh. Now, if your monthly expenditure with the cards is about Rs. 60,000, then the credit utilization ratio becomes:
60,000/100,000 = 0.60 = 60%
If your credit utilization ratio is high, then it can have a negative impact on your score. Although the exact threshold varies from one credit bureau to another, usually it’s around 35% to 40%.
So, by lowering the credit utilization ratio you can increase credit score. The following are two ways you can do that:
- You can stop using your credit cards frequently. Instead, make payments via mobile wallets, net banking, or even cash.
- Get a new credit card so that the overall limit is increased and the credit utilization ratio is lowered.
- Credit Report Discrepancies
When was the last time you checked your CIBIL report? If there are any mistakes in your personal details, banking data, etc. in your report then it can affect your CIBIL score calculation.
To make sure that your CIBIL report doesn’t damage your credit score, it’s important that you go through an updated copy every now and then. The following are some of the things you should look for: unfamiliar credit card/loan accounts; discrepancies in payment history, personal details, etc.; and false tags such as “settled account”, “defaulting”, etc.
- Too Many Loan Requests
When you need a personal loan or a home loan on an urgent basis, then it’s natural to assume that submitting multiple applications to multiple banks can greatly increase your odds of getting an approval from at least one lender. However, nothing can be further from the truth.
When you send out the loan applications at the same time, credit bureaus sense an urgency in this behavior which is not good from the lender’s perspective. Thus, your score could take some damage by this.
In other words, rather than increasing the possibility of you getting a loan, sending multiple loan applications around the same time, can, in fact, lower your odds even further.
If you really want to make sure that you get a loan in the first few attempts, then you must check your CIBIL report first. If it’s all good, you can get a loan without a problem. If it’s not, then you can improve it first, and apply for the loan only after that.
So, these were the most common things that can affect your CIBIL score. Be sure to adjust your credit behavior accordingly so that no only you can prevent your score from any damage, but rather increase it even further.