How Will Mistakes Be Removed From Credit Report

One day, you plan to take a look at the most talked upon topic amongst your peers. The Credit Report. This is the first time you are looking for this report as some one told you that it is advisable to have a cibil score of 750 points to get better interest rates on loans and easier disbursal of it. You research a few website and you come to know that you can get a free credit report once a year. That adds a Smile on your face, as what you heard about the reports being expensive to fetch, the myth broke!

Now, while the process of applying for a free credit report, there are a lot of thoughts coming to your mind. What will be your score? How will it help you in getting better loans? What if your score is not good? What if you are in loan defaulters list? What if there is no score? Take a break! Know the basics of credit score. How is credit score calculated, various parameters of the score, what can take the score down, what are the mistakes one should not make, how to remove mistakes if already done?

Let us first know the Mistakes that can be reflected in Credit Report :

  1. Errors or the Report
  2. Things that lower the score
  3. Parameters on Which the score is calculated

Errors On The Report :

There are Major and minor errors which reflect on your report. To list a few; we have When the account you have asked to look into, is not your account, or PAN card is not updated properly, the account status is falsely updated, or there are ownership issues with the account, salary or date of birth or address is not updated or wrongly updated.

While you fetch the report, always check if your details updated are correct or not. If any issue, do follow the concerned department of the credit bureau and get them rectified.

Things that lower the score :

  • At times, a person does not pay the credit card bill, or he does not pay a few EMIs of his loan, and the interest keeps on building. At these time, to complete or close an account, the bank offers a lumpsum amount to the customer. While the customer pays this settlement amount, the loan/credit card outstanding vanishes, but it affects the score. If you are in one of the above mentioned conditions, try to completely pay the balance and not the settlement amount.
  • If due to some mishappenings in your financial conditions, you and the bank/NBFC agrees upon a loan tenure or EMI structure to be altered, you feel happy about it, but do not put the blush on too much as this also affects your score.
  • If because of any reason, the lender has filed a case on you, or u have put off your hands on payments, would also lower your score.
  • Bankruptcy also is a huge black spot on the credit score and requires almost a decade to get it off from your credit report.

Parameters On Which Score Is Calculated :

This is to be taken care of the most, so that you do not make any mistakes or if they are done, you rectify them!

  • How are payments done in past? If you have made payments on time, or if the are delayed. If they are delayed, then what was the reason for the delay and how long was the payment delayed, this is one of the parameters on how the score is calculated.
  • When a loan is taken or a credit card is applied, the payment methods are specific. Some have fixed payment module and few have a revolving payment module. For a good credit score, you should have both!
  • The total age of your account (loan or card) is a huge benefit on the score. Older the account and clear are the payments, Better is the credit score.
  • If, in any case, you apply for too many new credit cards or loans, that is taken as credit hungry behavior, and can take your credit score tremendously low!
  • If you have many accounts which are not paid on time, make sure you start paying them as soon as possible, else it will also wreck your score.
  • Debt to income and income to expense ratios generally checked by the lenders while giving a loan to the customer.

The above given information is on how and what to check and do to increase the score or maintain the current one. Also, there are different places where its mentioned how not to fall in a trap to avoid the dip in your score. However, If there is any place you have missed which might take your score down, do not worry! Have patience, and work on them. If you are unable to understand, consult a credit counselor and take the help! Remember “A Wise Person Is The One Who Takes Help When It’s Most Required”. So, do not feel ashamed, to ask for help in rectifying the mistakes which you want to get removed from your credit score.

Advertisements

How Important Is One’s Credit Score?

Indian loan market has seen a rapid growth in recent years. Gone are the days, when people used to take loans only in times of financial crisis. Declining interest rates and flexibility to repay have made loans an attractive option to fulfil one’s needs today and repay the amount in equal monthly instalments. With this trend, credit scores and credit reports have also gained importance. People are waking up to the fact that scores affect many aspects of their financial life. So many people who have a low CIBIL score are now taking steps to improve and maintain it. They check their free credit score from all the three credit bureaus to keep track of their credit health. But is CIBIL score only a matter of concern to people looking for loan approvals. No, the importance of score goes much beyond that. But before we delve into that lets understand what a credit score is.

Three credit bureaus in India CIBIL, Equifax and Experian compile financial data shared by the member banks and other lending institutes relating to the credit taken by each individual. These bureaus prepare a credit report for each individual, which basically reflects your credit card and other loans repayment history. Based on your credit card usage and repayment track record the bureaus calculate a credit score. The way your marks had determined your level of knowledge in school, in the same way, the credit score determines the risk factor associated with a borrower.

Here are some places where your credit score will be evaluated

Loan approvals- Checking your credit score is one of the first things that lenders do to evaluate whether you are worthy of giving a loan. A high score helps in gaining lender’s trust and assures you of easy approvals. A low CIBIL score indicates that you haven’t dealt with your past debt obligations responsibly, hence lenders feel wary of lending you money. Even credit card approvals and credit limits get affected by your score. Hence a good score comes in handy in obtaining any kind of financial assistance.

Interest rate- An excellent CIBIL score not only helps in getting loan approvals, it also helps in bargaining for a better rate of interest. Lenders are ready to cut down on interest rates if the past records show that you are a diligent and responsible borrower. A low score costs you a lot, as banks charge a high interest rate to cover the risk that they are taking by lending you money. Hence your monthly interest outgo is directly impacted by your credit score.

Employment- Unheard of a few years ago, it is now increasingly becoming a common practice to check the CIBIL score of prospective employees. Credit checks are now an integral part of the hiring process  for jobs in the finance sector, or positions which require a person to handle company’s money. It is basically done to ascertain whether you are responsible in handling money. So if you are looking for a job, check your free credit score to see that your credit profile is in good shape.

Insurance premiums- Whether you are buying a home insurance or a car insurance your score will play an important role in determining the insurance premium that you pay on it. A low score can cost you thousands of rupees more than someone who has an excellent rating.

Renting property- Your CIBIL score can influence the rental opportunities that you have, as many landlords too check your score before letting you out their property. A landlord may not want to take the risk of not getting paid by renting his property to a person with a low CIBIL score. They want to be sure that they get their rent on time, so they prefer renting to a person with good credit who has shown responsible behaviour in the past.

You can order your free credit score from any of the bureaus once every year to monitor your credit situation. An excellent credit rating is anything higher than 750, but even if your score is between the range of 700-750, you can easily qualify for loans and bargain for low interest rates. A score less than 600 is considered as a low CIBIL score. If you fall into this category don’t lose heart. You can still get your financial life back on track if you take conscious efforts and work towards improving CIBIL score.

How is my Credit Score Determined?

A credit score plays an important role when you apply for a loan or any line of credit. It’s a three digit number which is used by the banks or lenders to evaluate whether or not they should sanction your loan. It is important to understand what your credit score is before applying for a loan, so that you have an upper hand in loan negotiations i.e. interest rates, processing fees etc.

Imagine you have applied for a loan and your loan gets rejected. You have been told to apply for a loan after you build a good credit score. Many questions will cross your mind like, what is my credit score?  How to check cibil score? How do I improve it? Now this is the tricky part! A credit score is a compilation of a lot of factors associated with your financial things.

Today we will set sight on how a credit score is determined,

Payment History

The most important factor which contributes to your cibil score is your payment history. It accounts for 35% of your score. It is a compilation of factors like : your account information, any default payments, how long the default payments are carried forward, if you have filed for any bankruptcy in the past, etc. If you would like to see a good hike on your cibil score, you should make regular payments to the lenders and make sure you do not have any default payments.

Your balance payments

The credit bureaus have each and every financial detail of yours. They monitor your financial activities on regular basis. Your credit score also gets influenced by the amounts owed by you to the banks or lenders. For example, you have a credit card and its limit is around 1 lakh rupees, imagine you have spent a fortune on the same and when the due date arrived, you converted a lot of transactions into EMIs. This way you have blocked your limit at the same time you owe a lot of money to the bank and the same is reported to the bureaus. It contributes a whopping 30% to your cibil score! It’s better to spend less rather than spending more and facing financial instabilities

Length of Credit

Building a good cibil score is a lengthy process and you need to start somewhere or the other. Once you have applied for a loan or any other financial product like a credit card your transactions start getting recorded with the bureaus. Various accounts have different accountability to your score. For example, if you applied for a home loan, the loan account will be active for at least 15 years. On the other hand a car loan lasts maximum for 5 years. Let’s take a credit card for example. It does not have an account expiry date and you can use the same, until the time you don’t want to close it. It contributes 15% to your credit score. In any case, do not close your credit card account, as that will influence your score under payment history section.

Number of inquiries

We understand there are a lot of financial products available in the market. Some of them so mouthwatering, you would definitely like to get it. Did you happen to know, for each financial product inquiry; your cibil score is being checked? The more inquiry you make with the bureau, the more your chances are to get your cibil score down. As there are a lot of products in the market, only go for the product which is tailored to your need and try making fewer inquiries with the credit bureaus.

Types of Credit Used

There are various credit accounts with which you can be associated with. The cibil score is also determined with the types of credit accounts you hold like, loan accounts, credit cards, etc.

This is just tip of the iceberg as far as credit score goes. It is important to know all these factors and how they contribute to your cibil score. But what’s more important is how you are managing your finances. The more you are financially responsible, the more you have chances of getting a loan without any hassles.

4 Different Credit-Scores You Should Know About

The first rating agency in India was established in the year 2000, which makes the history of credit health assessment in India less than two decades old. Since then three more credit rating agencies have been set up in India; thus now there are four different agencies then rate individuals based on their credit behavior and credit history. Although while the basic tenets of rating remain same, there might be few differences in their scoring model and also some other aspects. When you seek a loan, the prospective lender can seek the credit report from any of these four agencies. Thus it is important that one knows the basics that pertain to these different scores that one may have.

What’s in a Name?

The lender can seek the credit report from any of the four rating agencies to judge the credit health of the applicant and scores from all of these are valid. The rating by all agencies is done based on five factors that includes : the repayment history for paying credit card dues and EMIs, hard inquiries made by lenders, credit utilization, credit mix and the length of the credit history. The information supplied to all the agencies by banks and FIs are also same. However, there still might be a minor difference between the scores of all the four agencies due to the weightage that might be given to each parameter which may cause a variation of 5 to 10 points between scores of two different agencies but not more than that.

However, if you follow the basic tenets of being a responsible borrower then you will have a healthy score across agencies and if you want to increase credit score be sure to check what is included in the score calculation. When lenders seek a report from any of these agencies they are aware of the difference in the rating models of each of them and they will keep this in mind when evaluating the CIR of the customer.

As per the RBI guideline, all rating agencies have to provide a free report once a year to all customers who ask for it. The cost of getting the reports (mentioned below) is if you need another report after getting your free one in the same year.

  • TransUnion CIBIL Ltd:

It’s only fair that the first credit rating agency we talk about is TransUnion CIBIL. CIBIL was set up in the year 2000 and was given a license by RBI in the year 2009. TransUnion acquired an 82% stake in CIBIL in 2016 and hence it is now known as TransUnion CIBIL.  The score ranges from 300 to 900.  You can get a report and score by paying Rs. 550; you also could opt to take the option twice or four times in a year or just get the report for Rs. 159. Report is sent in 7 to 10 days; if online verification is successful then you can do a CIBIL score check through email too.

  • Experian Credit Information Co. of India Pvt. Ltd

This rating agency was set up in the year 2006 and was given a license by RBI in the year 2010. The rating agency had a different range of scoring but now they also score in the range of 300 to 900. The report can be sought by paying Rs 138 or the report and score both can be bought online by paying Rs. 399. If you send the request online you can receive the report immediately via email, an offline request may take up to 20 days.

  • Equifax Credit Information Services Private Limited

This agency received its license in 2010 and it also scores between 300 and 900. Basic report and credit score can be obtained by paying Rs. 138 and Rs. 400. Reports are sent within 7 to 10 days of the request being sent.

  • CRIF High Mark Credit Information Services Pvt. Ltd

High Mark was established in 2007 and received the license from RBI in 2010.  High Mark also had a different scoring pattern earlier but now just like the other three agencies above their scores also range from 300 to 900. You can get the report and the score by paying Rs. 399.

All the agencies have a defined and well laid out dispute resolution mechanism. So if you find out there is a difference of 50 points or more between score by two agencies be sure to find out the reason for this discrepancy.

3 Credit Myths that can destroy your score

Credit history affects various financial aspects of our life. It is crucial to understand what credit score and reports are, how the score is determined and how one can maintain a good score. There is a lot of information available to guide you to towards a perfect credit score. But do not believe everything that you hear. There are many credit myths that are also doing the rounds. One wrong step can lead you in a wrong direction. Do not get misled by such myths that can actually tank your score.

 

Here are some misconceptions that can harm your credit score. Beware of them and get to know the real facts.

 

Myth 1 : Closing credit cards will improve credit score

 

Some people believe that having a number of credit cards has a negative effect on the credit score. They believe that closing some old unused credit cards will help in raising the score. But this isn’t the way credit score works. One of the major factors that determine your score is the credit utilization ratio. It is the amount of credit you use compared to the total available credit limit. For a good CIBIL score you should have high credit limits and you should use not more than 30% of it. Closing credit cards will reduce your total available credit limit and increase your utilization ratio. This will drastically reduce your score. Closing old credit cards also affects the “length of your credit history” factor that impacts  one’s credit score. It reduces the average age of accounts and hence brings down the score. So if you really need to close some cards, close the newer ones. Another option is to close cards with a lower credit limit. Do a CIBIL score check to ensure that the impact of closing the account isn’t too drastic. Also, note that some credit card companies cancel the card if it is inactive for a long period. So charge small expenses to keep the card active.

 

Another misconception regarding closing credit cards is that if you close a card with a bad credit history, the information gets erased from the credit report and your credit score improves. The reality is that you cannot erase  credit card’s history recorded by the bureaus in your credit report just by closing the credit card.

 

Myth 2: Not using credit cards is good for CIBIL score

 

You will see many tips on improving CIBIL score that advises people to pay off all their outstanding balances and stop using their credit cards. They proclaim that going on all cash basis and staying out of debt will help improve your score. But infact such a decision can be destructive for your score. In order to have a good CIBIL score, one needs to show how well one is capable of managing revolving accounts. For this one needs to keep the credit cards active by charging expenses and then paying them off every month. Even if you have a mortgage or any other instalment loan where you are making payments diligently you will not have that perfect score if you do not use credit cards. That’s because the CIBIL score calculation also takes into account the credit mix. A person who displays responsible behaviour in using both types of accounts will have a better score.

 

Myth 3 : You need to carry a balance on the credit card to raise your score

Using the credit card is necessary to build the credit score, but carrying a balance is not. You can work towards a good score if you pay off the entire amount when the bill arrives. By carrying a balance you will have to pay a high interest rate on the outstanding amount. This isn’t required at all to show that you can handle credit responsibly. In fact, paying off the entire bill amount will help in keeping the utilization levels low which is good for your score.

 

Hope this article cleared up the mystery that surrounds the CIBIL score. You will now have a better understanding of how the CIBIL score calculation works, and what you should and should not do to ensure a good score. But what if your score already took a hit because of these myths that you carried in your mind for long? Not to worry! If you are in need of funds you can avail for loans for low CIBIL score offered by many private lenders in the market.