Why does the credit score differ between credit bureau?

What is a credit bureau? How does that work? Does that affect my day-to-day life? We are here to give you a proper insight on credit bureaus and their different styles of credit score ratings.

When you apply for a loan, the bank or the non-banking financial firm will try to pull up your credit report. The credit report will have all that is needed to understand you’re past financial history, your current debts. By having a thorough research on the same the bank then considers giving you a loan or any financial product like a credit card. But from where do the banks get the credit report?

There are four major credit bureaus in India; they are Equifax, CIBIL, Experian and Highmark. Majority of banks and Non-banking financial companies in India take assistance of CIBIL in terms of credit report of the customer.

CIBIL was established in the year 2000, Equifax, Experian and Highmark was granted a license in the year 2010 to enter Indian market and help with the credit rating system.

The scoring styles used by all these bureaus are different as they practice differently and do not want to collude with other bureaus.

 The Scoring System

CIBIL- the score ranges from 300 to 900, 300 being the lowest and 900 being the best. You can opt for a free cibil score from various Internet websites, but if you want a detailed report it will cost you INR 500.  It is not necessary to have a perfect 900 to get the loans sanctioned, every bank have their own protocols and you can avail a loan with a low CIBIL score as well but with a high interest rate. You can get the report within 7 working days once applied.

EQUIFAX- Equifax has a different approach when it comes to scores. Their score ranges from 1 to 999, on that 1 being the lowest and 999 being the highest, they more incline on the corporate side rather than individuals, the major services provided by them are Credit risk and fraud, industry diagnostics, etc. They take 10 days to generate the report. You can get it for INR 400.

EXPERIAN- Experian credit ranges just like CIBIL that is between 300 and 900, 900 being the highest and 300 the lowest. Experian on the other hand and more inclined to collection and money recovery, data analysis and customer acquisition. Usually they take 20 days, but with you a speedy process you can get it within 15 days. This will cost you INR 399 + Taxes.

HIGHMARK- the credit range in case of Highmark is a bit complicated, the score ranges from 300 to 850, but the scores are considered poor, if they are below 640 and are excellent when above 720. They specialize in verification, credit assist, data quality management etc.

The reserve bank of India has mandated all the financial institutions to access the credit scores to analyze if the individual is credit worthy.

You can increase your cibil score by fair practicing, pay your bills on time, do not hand on bad debts. With the perfect CIBIL score you can avail a lot of financial benefits, these credit bureaus also help you analyze how you could improve your credit scores. It only used to happen when credit report is used to determine loans, but now we are taking steps towards using it for every little transactions some sited like,

Screening for postpaid SIM card connections, Credit reports for online sellers, fixing insurance premiums, using the report to analyze prospective tenants, etc.

The credit score awareness is less among Indian people, hence they lack in credit discipline. Many people are unaware of the poor credit score and are denied loans. The bureaus play a vital role for banks for determining the credit worthiness of an individual.

Does What One Buy Affect Your Credit Score and Report

Your financial behaviour and the way you deal with your credit responsibilities affects your CIBIL report and score. The credit bureaus have all the information about the amount of debt you carry and the way you handle the payments. But do they also keep track of what you buy with your credit cards and from where you buy it? Is your shopping behaviour factored in during the CIBIL score calculation? It is important to know what does and what does not impact your credit report. So let’s have a look.

Even though the exact credit scoring process used by the bureau is not known to anyone, we know what factors affect the credit score calculation. The CIBIL report records detailed information of the amount of debt you carry on the credit card, but it doesn’t bother about what you have bought using credit line. The individual items bought are not taken into consideration, nor is the place where you have swiped the card. All credit reporting agency is concerned with is the utilization ratio (the amount of debt you owe as a percentage of the available credit limit), payment history (whether you have made on-time minimum payments on the account), length of credit history and the type of accounts.

Large purchases

Though what one buys does not influence the score, the amount of purchase surely matters. So if you are contemplating big-ticket purchases you need to know that your CIBIL report and score are influenced by the credit utilization rate. It is calculated by dividing the balance due on your credit card by the credit limit. If you use credit card to make a big purchase that utilizes most of your credit line, it will bring a sharp increase in the utilization ratio and result in a bad credit score. If you pay down the balance, the negative effect on the score will diminish. But if you make it a habit to max out your card you will have a low CIBIL score.  As a practice one should aim to stay below 30% utilization to maintain a good CIBIL sore. Whatever you buy within that limit does not affect your score. Large purchases using credit card that push the utilization over that threshold can cause your score to drop significantly.

Remember the timing of the payment also affects the CIBIL report. If you make a big purchase using a credit card but pay it off completely before the information is reported to the bureau(which is generally when the account statement of the card is printed) credit utilization will not get impacted.

A piece of advice: Make sure that the big purchase you are making with the credit card suits your budget. If you are not able to pay it off at the end of the month interest will start accruing and your debt will rise with time. Missing a payment will certainly affect your credit report negatively.

Buying a house or car by taking a loan

Buying a house, car or any other property in itself does not have any effect on credit ratings. However if you take a loan for the same then this purchase will affect your credit score for many years. Firstly when you shop for the best interest rates by applying to different lenders your credit score will get hit. The lenders will pull credit report and score to evaluate your loan application.  Each hard inquiry will cause a small drop in the score. But if you rate shop within a short period of time all inquiries will be counted as one. Each month, CIBIL report will reflect the amount of loan that is still due along with the payment patterns. Payment history is the biggest factor that contributes to credit score. By making on time payments you can ensure a high credit score. If you had previously used only credit cards then taking a home loan will improve your credit mix as well. By demonstrating responsible behaviour in handling both types of credit you can increase your credit score.

You now know that the credit bureaus do not keep track of what items you buy using credit card. As long as the credit utilization stays below 30% of the available credit limit, you have nothing much to worry. It is only when large purchases significantly raise your utilization rate does the credit score take a hit. You also now know how buying a house or car by taking a loan affects your credit score. So make timely payments and show responsible credit habits to stay on top of the credit score ladder.

Credit Monitoring and Age: Are They Related?

With a significant rise in the cases relating to data breaches, data theft and identity theft there is a pressing need to take precaution and protect one’s credit record from such malignant activities. Credit monitoring is a defensive mechanism that aims to prevent, detect and resolve such kind of credit frauds.

Credit Monitoring essentially implies keeping track of an individual’s credit history and identifying any suspicious changes or activities. There are many companies that offer credit monitoring services and also provide you with a free credit score and report.

They notify the person whenever there is any new information in any of the credit reports like a credit inquiry, addition of a new loan account or delinquency. Such alerts enable the person to verify whether the changes made are genuine and accurate or not. If such developments are not initiated or authorized by the person then he can take necessary action right away to sort the issue before it becomes out of control. It reduces the chances of identity theft or any other kind of fraudulent activity.  It is an easy way of keeping a check on one’s credit health and score. These services also help in resolving and mitigating the damage if your account is breached. They also come handy if one is trying to improve credit score. Many credit monitoring companies offer an additional service of providing loans for low CIBIL score. Investing in such services is surely worth it as protection from fraud gives one peace of mind.

But should you think of signing up for such services at a particular age. Well ask yourself; at what age do you think you will be vulnerable to become a target of identity theft. It could in fact be at any age. Young and old, both are equally susceptible to become victims of identity theft. Thieves do not have any age preference. They are only concerned with making profit by using someone else’s personal information. Hence monitoring credit is extremely important irrespective of one’s age. It will alert you if there are any signs of your personal information being compromised.

Let’s see how credit monitoring helps in the young age when you start building your credit. Credit reporting errors like incorrect spelling of name, address, incorrect payment transactions are very common. These errors can do a big damage to your credit score. It is necessary that you get these errors corrected. But without proper monitoring, you will not even know that such errors exist.

Credit monitoring services also help in credit repair. They grade you on each of the factors that determine your credit rating. This helps you to identify your weak areas so that you can work upon them and improve your credit score. They guide you about what financial approach you should take so as to improve your rating. They also provide you with free credit score , so that you can track your progress on a regular basis. So if you wish to take a loan in the near future you should definitely think about approaching a credit monitoring firm, whatever be your age.

In old age financial aspects start taking a backseat, and people become less worried about their credit standing. But beware, the older generation is an easy target for the identity thieves. With high savings, big assets and excellent credit scores the senior adults become the perfect targets for criminals. So they too need a protection from such crimes. Lackadaisical attitude can destroy their impeccable credit history that took years to build. If a thief opens a fake credit card account in their name and starts charging purchases to the card without making the payments their score will plummet. Without proper monitoring, they may not even notice such activities for many months or years. With credit monitoring one can be alerted each time a new account is opened in one’s name. This way one can sort out things before they go out of hand.

Maintaining a good credit standing will give you better access to loans in times of need. You can obtain the best credit card reward offers and interest rates. Hiring a credit monitoring company can also save you from becoming a victim of identity theft. Hence monitor your credit reports and scores on a consistent basis whatever be your age.

Importance of good credit score for Home loan

Buying a dream home is a dream every man cherishes till it becomes a reality. However the escalating cost of property calls for huge financial planning and investment. Most of us indeed opt for a fund lender in order to materialize this dream. Herein your credit score plays a pivotal role.

Your credit score is the score of your financial worth. In order to seek a hassle free home loan in India you need to have a good credit score by Credit Information Bureau of India Limited (CIBIL). Besides, other factors such as your age, salary and job also play a key role in the backfield. You would be required to submit documents for each of these factors to become authorized for raising the loan.

Role of CIBIL score in home loan approval:
Your CIBIL rating helps lender to evaluate your credit worthiness and repayment ability before approving a Home Loan. That’s why a good CIBIL score is a must to get a loan approved.

The CIBIL score is the summation of the credit history of a person. Factors such as your earlier loan payment history, outstanding loan amounts, credit enquired, payment history of credit card bills and more build your credit history. When you apply for a loan the first thing that the bank will check is your cibil rating.

The lender always want to cover the risk they are taking by lending you loan. So by checking your CIBIL score they assess your repayment track record. The low score reflects bad financial decisions including excess use of credit limit, non-repayment or late payment of loans and more. Thus with low score, there is a high possibility of rejection of your loan application. Similarly with a good score your loan application becomes attractive and lender shows confidence in your application by offering loan.

What does a good CIBIL score actually signify? 

A good CIBIL score to be eligible for a home loan is 700 and above. The nearer you are towards 900 the higher is the chance of getting the approval. Furthermore, an upper credit score means that you can bargain for attractive offers like lower interest rates, higher loan amount, simpler documentation, discount in related fees and longer repayment periods. The lender might approve up to 80% of the total cost of the property.

If you have a low CIBIL Score are you still eligible for a home loan?

While it is not easy to get home loans for bad credit score, you can still take some steps to roll the dice in your favour. You can either use professional help or credit improvement counseling or take some steps to improve your score.

  1. The first step should be to pull out your free credit report from CIBIL.
  2. Next mark all the weak points that have hurt your CIBIL score. You can take small steps to boost your score. The better the score the better rate you can expect.
  3. Now you can list all small, high cost loans and try to repay them at the earliest. This will substantially improve your score.
  4. If your spouse has a good credit score then you can apply for the home loan jointly. This way you will have better chance of having your loan approved.
  5. If you have defaulted the payment of a loan or credit card bill then negotiate with the financial institution, clear the dues and get a no objection certificate from the financial institution. This will bring a good appreciation to your score.
  6. If you have a poor score then try to get the loan from the bank with which you have your savings account and FD’s.

 

Using these points you can raise your chances for loan approval. However getting loans with bad credit score has its own advantages and disadvantages. The biggest advantage is that it will make you take constructive steps to improve your CIBIL score. It will inspire you to close the earlier loan and repay the entire amount in a one go. The biggest disadvantage however, is that you will have to pay high interest rates and even the fees and charges that are associated with the loan approval will be higher for you. But as you would learn to protect your credit score, you would soon become credit ready for lifetime.

Things You Must Know About Top-Up Loans

Mr. Arora took a home loan with a 15-year tenure at an attractive interest rate. However, after 7 years he realized he felt the need of renovating his house. So, just like most people he thought a personal loan would be a good idea to cover the expenses and started looking for a good deal. Unfortunately, he couldn’t find a personal loan with an affordable interest rate even though he didn’t have a problem of a bad CIBIL score or bad credit history.

With the burden of this loan already on his shoulders, Mr. Arora desperately needed to arrange the funds for his home renovation in a way that it didn’t burn a hole in his pocket. This is when his friend told him about it.

What’s a Top Up Loan?

A top-up loan is a small loan you get on top of your primary loan- mainly a housing loan. The interest rate on a these loan is usually smaller than a full-fledged personal loan. Moreover, you can also enjoy tax benefits with a top-up loan.

The following are some of the things you must know about top-up loans:

  1. Qualification

These loans have their benefits, but just because you are repaying a house loan, it doesn’t mean that you automatically qualify for them. Your lender will inquire about your reason for a it and will make a decision at their discretion.

The following are some of the good reasons:

  • Medical expenses
  • Home renovation
  • Land purchasing
  • Education expenses
  • Business Expansion
  1. Collateral

Since a top-up loan is provided on the basis of a primary loan i.e. a house loan you don’t need to provide security for the same. The bank uses the house as collateral. However, this means that even after you have repaid your loan you have to wait until you have repaid the top up loan as well to get back the rights to your house from your bank.

  1. Interest Rate

The interest rate on a top-up loan is 1% to 2% higher than the housing loan. However, it’s still lower than most personal loans available. You may also get to pay a smaller processing fee.

  1. Tax Benefits

If you are using it for acquire/renew/construct/ or repair a property then you are eligible for tax deductions on the amount paid for the principal amount and the amount paid for the interest on the loan as per Section 80C and Section 24 respectively.

Top-up Loans Conditions

Although the eligibility criteria for a varies from one bank to another, the following are some general conditions:

  • You should be availing a home loan from the bank/ financial institution.
  • Most banks require you to repay the home loan for 6 months to 12 months, or even more before you can apply. They do this to assess your repayment habits. Thus, you should not have a low CIBIL score or bad credit report. If that’s the case, you must take measures to CIBIL score before sending an application.
  • The usual permissible loan amount is calculated on the following basis:

permissible amount= 70% to 80% of the market value of the property- loan balance

So, if your house is worth Rs. 50 lakhs in the market and the pending debt is Rs. 25 lakhs, then you can only get a maximum of Rs. 10- 12 lakhs through it.

  • Many banks limit the tenure according to the outstanding term of your current loan. So, if your loan term ends in 9 years, then the maximum length of top up loan tenure would be 9 years.

If your credit history is good and you don’t need to improve CIBIL score then availing a top-up loan is an excellent option over others such as personal loans, etc. This is because the process of a top up loan is simple and easy. Moreover, you don’t have to offer another property as collateral with them.

Denied credit based on credit report? Here’s why

why.

Did you ever try to opt for a loan or a credit card and have been denied? Your credit history is recorded and filed as cibil report with credit bureaus. When you apply for a loan or a credit card the bank is likely to request for a credit record by the credit bureaus to understand if you have any default payments or unpaid debts. It also indicates whether you have filed for bankruptcy or arrested by to loan defaults. The reasons for denial of credit can be varied and different in every situation.

Here are some reasons why your credit can be denied:

High Debts

Any lender or creditor would like to see how you spend your earnings, if you have high debts or used maximum limit of your credit card could be a reason why your application can get rejected. Always try not to overspend from your credit card, many banks and organizations prefer people with people at least having 50% of limit available in their credit cards.

No credit history

A no credit history means you don’t have anything on your cibil report. This means you have never applied for any credit in your lifetime, which is a good thing. Many individuals prefer buying things in cash or without any line of credit which leads to a no credit history. In such cases many banks face hard time to sanction loans or credit cards without knowing the individual’s pattern of repayments. You can show your rent receipts if you are a tenant just to prove your reliability in making payments.

No credit activity 

When you have active accounts with banks it’s important to make small transactions with those accounts. If you have not made any transactions with such accounts it’s hard for a score to get generated. It’s suggested to make small payments or transactions to keep the scores activated and going.

Frequent credit report inquiries

If you have too many inquiries on your credit report and not many loans reflected on your report, the lender will come to a conclusion that you are trying for loans with multiple banks and organizations and there is something wrong with your current financial status.

 

Fraud cases

If you have done a fraud in terms of repayment, bad debts or you have been approached by an agency for money collection. This will severely damage your cibil report and will lead to a low cibil score. Always pay your debts on time and adhere to the EMIs so that you don’t face such circumstances. The collection agency approaches a customer if the credit balance has not been paid and its more than 6 months for the same.

If your application for a loan or a credit card is rejected, you may ask for the reasons why your application was rejected. If the information provided to you is inaccurate or false, you can file a dispute and the credit bureau has to correct the errors found.

It feels when you face such situations where you are denied for credit on the basis of a bad credit report but do not lose hopes, there is always a plan B. you will be able to find a lot of private lenders who will not consider you cibil rating. Start building your credit ratings from scratch and try maintaining a good score so that when time comes you can get easy access to loans. As we were told “small steps will lead to a bigger and better you”.

How lenders estimate credit for mortgage loan requests?

Are you facing a financial crunch? Are you in need of urgent funding? You may approach a bank with a mortgage loan request.

Financial crisis is a very common problem. Your existing property can however take care of your crisis. A mortgage loan helps you to raise funds to meet financial shortage. This is a Secured Loan in which you keep your immovable property (home) as a deposit and take money from the lender. The borrower needs to repay the loan via regular monthly installments within a particular period of time.

But before you do that, you must know how lenders estimate credit for mortgage loan requests.

Mortgage Loan Eligibility   

Both salaried as well as self-Employed individuals can apply for a Mortgage Loan.

To avail a mortgage credit, you need to carry out certain minimum eligibility conditions. The following are some of the factors considered by the lenders while determining your eligibility for a mortgage loan:

  • Minimum age: You should be minimum of 21 years of age at the time of the loan application.
  • Annual income: What income is required to qualify for a mortgage loan depends on the lender.
  • Existing liabilities (if any): Your monthly liabilities are taken into consideration (say living expenses, other EMIs and bills)
  • The valuation of your property (to be mortgaged): The lender generally approves 80% of the registered value of your property as the loan.
  • Number of dependents: If you are responsible for the livelihood or upkeep of some members in the family; they are your dependents (spouse, kids, and parents).
  • Total work experience and stability in current job: How long you have been in the current organization or business, your qualification definitely play a vital role in assessing your loan eligibility. Lenders prefer stability of job and prefer those who are employed for at least two years.
  • Proper financial documents: You should have proper and relevant financial documents (pay slips, ITR, bank statements) to avail the loan.

Basically after gathering information about your income and debts the lender assesses your credit profile. They determine how much you could afford to borrow. Before prequalifying, they adjudge your ability and willingness to repay the loan.

For ability check, the emphasis is put on your income and job stability. However to check willingness to repay they would ask you the purpose of property use. They would check your credit report to closely study your previous history of meeting any such commitments.

Your credit report speaks volumes about your credit repayment history. Looking into your report if the lender finds the report is plagued with derogatory remarks and red flags, it might reject the loan application. The red flags indicate that you didn’t make timely payment of loans in the past or settled with the bank (that is again did not pay in full). In case there is any delinquency, then a valid reason for the same has to be given with proper evidences. All in all, low CIBIL score literally could scupper your mortgage application.

You are usually entitled to get a Loan Against Property (LAP) up to 80% of the registered value depending on your repayment capacity. It is important to keep in mind that every bank has its own set policy to evaluate your property and assess the borrower’s eligibility to repay the loan.

If you have a good monthly in-hand and you are not servicing any other loan, you are eligible to get 60 times your monthly net income as a loan. However if you seek bigger amount you can use home equity to raise the funds.

So whether you are looking for additional funds to meet educational expenses, marriage expenses, medical expenses or even business reasons you need not worry! If you have a property in your name you can use LAP from any of the banks such as HDFC home loan and meet the financial obligations.

It is important to understand here that there are no fixed rules to estimate the eligibility for mortgage. Each lender would consider an application on individual basis.

Being a borrower however you should do a proper homework and know the amount of loan you seek. You should negotiate as much as possible on loan duration and rate of interest. You should ask the lender if there are any prepayment charges. With a home equity at stake you should not leave any stone unturned to ensure the affordability of the loan.

Elements that Decide Approval of Personal Loan for Self-employed

When a self-employed individual applies for a Personal Loan to a bank or NBFC; the lender considers a few factors before approving the finance. The consideration for loan approval depends on the financial eligibility factors including age of the borrower, the reason for the advance and alike. Well, there is no denying the fact that credit score of the individual is one of the most important factors considered by the banks.

Critical Factors that Define Approval of Personal Loan for a Self-employed:

  • Income Tax Returns:

First of all the bank would consider if you have filed your income tax returns on time or not. Lenders are exceedingly particular when it comes to Income Tax Returns (ITR) for a minimum of last three years of individuals approaching for a PL.

  • Existence of the Business:

The time span of a business assures the lender about the reliability and sustainability. Your business duration actually ensures if you can pay back the loan in time. The stability of the business and your source of income is truly essential.

  • Income and Profits:

If you are able to repay without defaulting is the primary concern of the lender. Your disposable earnings as a self-employed professional would help the lender to assess your capacity to repay the loan.

  • Nature of the Business:

Some businesses could be unstable or rather seasonal. This definitely won’t give adequate assurance to the bank about your repayment ability every month. The kind of business, therefore, does play a vital role when you apply for a personal loan as a self-employed individual.

  • End use of the fund

You need to declare the purpose of availing the loan. The bank judges if it is your actual need or just self-indulgence.

When you approach a bank as a self-employed individual for personal loan they need to ensure if you are worthy of receiving credit or not. This worthiness depends on how good you are with your finances. If you have serviced loans successfully earlier; it confirms that you would be repaying the loan on time without missing payments. The process that banks and other financial institutions follow to know your credit worthiness is through your CIBIL (Credit Information Bureau Limited) score.

  • Your age:

On age the factor, consideration may differ from lender to lender. A self-employed person should be within 25 to 65 years of age.

  • Right Documents:

Never submit fake documents to the bank when you apply for a personal loan.

Now, while all these factors play a noteworthy role, whether a PL would be approved for a self employed, Cibil score (Credit History) turns out to be the crucial one.

So before applying for the loan it is important that you ensure that you have a good score.

What factors lower CIBIL Score?

  • Too many Personal loans
  • Missing loan installments
  • Coming too close to the limit on credit cards
  • Not paying credit cards back on time
  • Not paying credit cards in full
  • Too many rejected applications for loans/credit cards
  • Settling credit cards

However if you have a low CIBIL score, you need to know how to get Personal loan for Low CIBIL score.

While the CIBIL data says 80 per cent of the loans that get sanctioned have a score higher than 750; nevertheless, the CIBIL score is not the only factor which lenders take into consideration while deciding and approving a Personal loan to a self-employed individual. A mainstream bank may ignore a credit card default in the past if you have a regular good income flow.  Your future financial prospects, demographics, education, socio-economic conditions may help you in getting a PL despite your low CIBIL score.

NBFCs (Non-banking financial Institutions) are relatively flexible with credit scores and the cut-offs as compared to banks. If you have a low credit score, you are advised to approach a NBFC instead of a mainstream bank.

You may choose to approach a Peer-to-peer (P2P) lending website. You may get a personal loan regardless of your low credit score.

If the cause for your low score is a failure to pay, it is suggested to clarify the lender why you had failed to pay. In case it was not an intentional default; lenders at times might excuse. If you have a convincing explanation with evidence say, you had a sudden loss in business or there was a medical emergency for which you couldn’t afford to pay back; put across clearly. If found authentic; the lender might consider.

All in all if you make plan thoughtfully you could easily grab the best deal!

The Bad Credit Score Survival Advice

A red flag in the credit information report is like a fire in the jungle. You do not know how much damage it would make until it eases off. Surviving bad score is thus not easy. A lot of people might share the tricks of restoring credit score however the truth is, it is easier said than done.

Once ruined it would at least take six months to rebound the low CIBIL score. Many a times the damage stays on your report for years to come. All you can do is pacify the bad history with good history.

Let’s find out how you can cope with bad score and roll over the financial dice in your favor once again.

Seek professional advice on bad credit score survival.
After you come to know about your low score, the first step should be to seek a professional help. When you contact a Credit Improvement Agency, it would assess your credit report and guide accordingly the ways to improve the score.

If however you choose to do it yourself, go for free CIBIL check online and study your report. It will help you understand the gravity of the problem. After studying the report, if you find any errors eliminate them without a delay.

Make a budget and organize your finances
With bad score, your credit worthiness is hurt very badly. You need to take charge of financial conditional and analyze your expenses and incomes. Calculate your net income and know how much you actually have in hands to pay out the debts and installments. You should try to close the expensive cards and accounts first and try to save as much as possible.

Not to mention, you should try to add as much income avenues as possible and try to have some surplus every month. Your sole aim should be to become take your debt utilization ratio to 30% of the limit being granted to you.

Contact your creditors and make a repayment plan
When you have too many debts to manage, you should consider contacting your creditors in a hope to find an option to survive the bad account. Speaking with your lenders may help you find a middle path with lowered interest rate or a new repayment plan.

Raise additional loans to pay off loans / credit cards
After you limit the pressure of debts by closing expensive cards and refinancing of the loans, consider applying for new secured loan to survive the bad credit. You can use the amount to manage your finances and repay diligently all the installments. This would build a good history and gradually improve the score.

Use a co-signor or guarantor to avail low interest loan
When you have bad credit score with red flags in the credit report, it is unlikely that banks would offer you loans at low rate. With bad score you become a risky prospect for the bank and they want to lend only with a certain degree of security. Besides rejection of a loan application further ruins the score. Keeping both the facts in view, you should apply for loans with a co-signor or guarantor.

You can ask your friend, spouse or blood relative with high credit score to become a co applicant or guarantor for you. This would raise the chances of loan approval and that too at normal interest rate.

Use a high worth asset as collateral
With bad CIBIL score each unplanned financial activity would hurt your score further. Besides loan repayment and credit utilization ratio, the mix of loans and length of loans also affect your score. If you have home equity or other high value assets such as Gold, you can use these assets as collateral and raise a secured loan.

Consolidate your debt
When you have too many debts to pay and manage every month, you can consider consolidating them into a big umbrella loan that helps you close all accounts into one. You can consolidate loans as a long term personal loan using your home as collateral. The goal of consolidating loans is to make your monthly repayment affordable and save some surplus every month.

Rent a home/property
Last but not the least you can consider renting your home or part of your home to raise some extra funds and save some amount every month.

Using all these steps you can gradually improve your credit health.

Mistakes to be avoided when trying to improve CIBIL score

A credit score is something that reflects your credit history and thus it is something that cannot be built or destroyed in haste. A lot of factors contribute in making or breaking your credit rating. Being a responsible borrower is the simplest way to having a good cibil score; but if you have not done that then you will have to work on trying to get a better score. While there are certain things that can help you build your score, there are some other aspects that can pull it down. So here is a look at few things to avoid if you are looking at improving your score.

  • Excessive Use of Credit Card: Credit cards are a great convenience but their use may often be criticized as one can easily go overboard and regret it later. However one may think that if they manage to pay their full dues on time the credit card usage will never cause a problem, but this notion is wrong. Using your card judiciously is important if you are looking at improving your score. This means that you need to limit your credit card expenditure per cycle to 40% or less of the sanctioned cared limit. This is known as credit utilization ratio and this needs to be calculated per card wise as well as for all cards put together in case of multiple cards. High credit utilization can harm the score as the user appears to be credit hungry.
  • Making too Many Inquiries: When you apply for a loan, the lender seeks your CIR from the credit agency which is known as a hard inquiry. Each hard inquiry is recorded in the CIR and impacts the score negatively. Thus if you truly require a loan then make sure you research well before you actually apply for a loan. This will ensure that your loan application is not rejected which will eliminate the need to apply for a loan elsewhere. So for example if you want to buy a new car and need a loan for it, then carefully research about car loans Check which lender offers loans at what rates, what is the LTV ratio, what are the documents required, at what credit score they are willing to offer loans and so on. You should then approach a lender who you know meets your requirements and who will be willing to lend to you based on your rating and profile. Refrain from making unnecessary enquiries.
  • Settling an Account: Consider an example to understand this aspect. Priya is looking at improving her credit score so that she can apply for a home loan next year. She goes through her CIR and spots an old credit card debt; she decides to take care with an aim of improving her score. She got in touch with the credit card company and she paid the dues after some negotiation. Hoping to see her score improve she got her CIR but was dismayed that it had reduced further. If you are as confused as Priya that why did this happen then we have an explanation. When you pay old dues then the fate of your score depends on how this repayment is reported. If the account is reported as settled then it could mean trouble as it will raise a question mark in the minds of all future lenders about getting their money back in full. If the debt is reported as simply being paid then it will have an opposite impact.  
  • Guaranteeing a loan without thinking: Sometimes an applicant may find it difficult to get a loan on his/her own due to lack of proper documents, low score, not meeting the eligibility criteria and so on. In such a scenario they may ask someone to guarantee their loan. Well this can definitely ease out the problems for the person seeking the loan but may cause the guarantor to land in a tricky position without realizing so. If the applicant fails to pay his/her dues on time then the guarantor may be asked to do soon. What’s more each delayed payment can harm the score of the guarantor as well. So though you may be servicing all your loans on time you score may still be low because of a loan you guaranteed. Thus if you plan to guarantee a loan, do it after being sure about the applicant, you own ability to service it in case the applicant fails to so and also after you are sure about its impact on your own credit score.

Often small things can cause your score to dip. Thus make sure you steer clear from the above mistakes if you want to be credit healthy.