The 4 Things That Affect Your Credit Score

It’s foolhardy to underestimate the significance of CIBIL score. You might be earning a sizeable income and have multiple assets to your name, but if your CIBIL score is not up to the mark, you can lose the very chance of obtaining a personal loan, home loan, or rather any other type of credit from a bank.

Fortunately, it’s never too late to start caring about your CIBIL score calculation. So, if you want to become more careful with your credit usage, it can help to learn about the top 4 things that affect your CIBIL score:

  1. Payment History

Late payments are often the biggest reason behind a low CIBIL score. These include credit card bills, loan EMIs, etc.

When you don’t pay your credit card bills, etc. on time, it reflects irresponsibility towards money management. Moreover, it shows that you can’t be trusted with credit. Thus, credit rating companies such as CIBIL, Equifax, etc. can deduct a large number of points from your score.

If you want to increase credit score in the fastest way possible, then just start paying your bills on time. Set up reminders on your phone if need be, but make sure that you don’t delay a single payment ever.

  1. High Credit Utilization

Credit utilization plays a big role in CIBIL score calculation, but what’s it exactly?

Credit utilization is the ratio of the amount of credit you spend every month on average to the amount of total credit available to you.

For instance, if you have 2 credit cards, with Rs. 50,000 credit limit on each, then the total credit available becomes Rs. 1 lakh. Now, if your monthly expenditure with the cards is about Rs. 60,000, then the credit utilization ratio becomes:

60,000/100,000 = 0.60 = 60%

If your credit utilization ratio is high, then it can have a negative impact on your score. Although the exact threshold varies from one credit bureau to another, usually it’s around 35% to 40%.

So, by lowering the credit utilization ratio you can increase credit score. The following are two ways you can do that:

  • You can stop using your credit cards frequently. Instead, make payments via mobile wallets, net banking, or even cash.
  • Get a new credit card so that the overall limit is increased and the credit utilization ratio is lowered.
  1. Credit Report Discrepancies

When was the last time you checked your CIBIL report? If there are any mistakes in your personal details, banking data, etc. in your report then it can affect your CIBIL score calculation.

To make sure that your CIBIL report doesn’t damage your credit score, it’s important that you go through an updated copy every now and then. The following are some of the things you should look for: unfamiliar credit card/loan accounts; discrepancies in payment history, personal details, etc.; and false tags such as “settled account”, “defaulting”, etc.

  1. Too Many Loan Requests

When you need a personal loan or a home loan on an urgent basis, then it’s natural to assume that submitting multiple applications to multiple banks can greatly increase your odds of getting an approval from at least one lender. However, nothing can be further from the truth.

When you send out the loan applications at the same time, credit bureaus sense an urgency in this behavior which is not good from the lender’s perspective. Thus, your score could take some damage by this.

In other words, rather than increasing the possibility of you getting a loan, sending multiple loan applications around the same time, can, in fact, lower your odds even further.

If you really want to make sure that you get a loan in the first few attempts, then you must check your CIBIL report first. If it’s all good, you can get a loan without a problem. If it’s not, then you can improve it first, and apply for the loan only after that.

So, these were the most common things that can affect your CIBIL score. Be sure to adjust your credit behavior accordingly so that no only you can prevent your score from any damage, but rather increase it even further.

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Length of Credit History vs. Late Payment History, where do you stand?

All of us would have had history as a subject in school. And many of us would also have cribbed about why to learn about something that has gone past. However, the fact is that history is something that all of us have a lot to learn from. We can improve our present by reviewing our past. Goes without saying that our present is an outcome of our actions in past and studying our past does help us in taking better decisions at present.

You must be wondering how is this related to your credit profile. It indeed is. There are two important historical trends that make or break your credit score. In fact these two have the potential to either put you at a position where you are able to save lakhs of rupees or can become part of the loan defaulter list. The two important historical trends that we are referring to here are “length of credit history” and “late payment history”. Let us look at these two important aspects and how do they impact your credibility.

Length of credit history

The length of your credit history means that how long you have been holding a trade line. This is one of the most important aspect reflecting on your credit report that makes your healthier on credit front.

To explain it better, let me put you in a situation. Two known people approach you for Rs 10,000 each. One of them has been known to you for a few years now and you are aware of his history of borrowing money  few times and also about his commitment to repay as soon as the salary gets credited. The other one is a new acquaintance who has joined office about 2 months back and you do not have much awareness about his past. Who would you be comfortable in lending your hard earned money? I am sure your answer would have been the first one.

Similarly the length of credit history reflecting on your CIBIL report helps in establishing a comforting factor with the underwriter of the lending institution. A person who has enjoyed credit facilities from various banks for years v/s a person who is new to credit makes a lot of difference in the process of evaluation.

But the loans keep getting closed over a period. The fact also remains that you would want to pre-close it in case you have some funds available with you. So how to manage the length of credit history? Do not close that old credit card that you may feel has become obsolete in terms of its features. Continuing with that credit card will only help in keeping your credit scores healthy.

Late payment history

While the underwriter evaluates your loan application, the way you have managed your credit in past becomes the single most important factor that can lead to approval or rejection of the application. How have you faired against the payments would lead to impacting the outcome.

Again referring to the above example, if the first person who you had known for a few years had only paid other friends after some follow up or has had defaulted on even one friend’s loan (while paying the others in time) you would be skeptical on extending him with financial help. Just like you, even the structured lending institution would be apprehensive of giving a line of credit to an individual who has had default reflecting on the bureau report. Thus it becomes very important that all loans and credit card payments are happening in time without any delay.

Your length of credit and your repayment history are the two most important pillars of your credit profile and must be maintained. In the absence one may not have access to funding at the time of need.

3 Strategies to Help You Save Money Now and in the Future

When you are young and just started out in the world, it’s easy to think that money is nothing and spend what you earn. Have you ever given a thought that saving money will not only help you build a secure future but also will add supplement when you make huge plans for life. In this decade we are living in, we are surrounded by a lot of unwanted things and the temptation to have them all. What we do not understand is we are spending a fortune on luxury without giving a thought on the future. These practices lead to bankruptcy and result to taking a loan and if you do not pay your EMIs on time your credit score will go for a toss. Do you know your cibil score calculation? And if you don’t, then steps to enhance your credit score?

How does the temptation to buy or spend on luxury things rises? In every group there will be friend who buys the latest IPhone every year and flaunts it whenever you meet. It gives you a thought, should I buy the same phone to live up to my friend’s standards and end up buying a similar phone. What you do not realize is that, just for sake of status you spent a fortune on a phone which will prove worthless after a year when a new model releases and then you will be going after that phone as well.

Just to avoid such perceptive buying and spending, today we will be sharing you three best strategies to lower your expenses and save for a better future,

Set your priorities straight;

Everyone has their own priorities; the priorities can be of two types and can be categorized into needs and wants. Try understanding your needs over wants, for example buying a car for your commute is a need but buying a Mercedes or a BMW for your commute is a want. You can always cut down on a lot of your wants and start contributing for what your needs are. Make a priority list of things you need with the age when you expect to achieve it. We can set some priority points which are common in everyone’s life and you can start from this,

For emergencies you do not know what can happen at any time, always be prepared for the worse. It can be a broken mobile screen; you lost your job in some company and need at least three months of financial backup, any medical emergencies.

For Education a good education plays a vital role in everyone’s life and where does good education come from? It comes from great educational institution. Instead of opting for an education loan try saving money for the same.

For home buying this is a big step in your life, buying a dream house is no joke, there is a lot of planning and savings involved in the same. If you start saving money from today who knows you may land up in your dream house without hassles of taking home loan.

For retirement after a long innings in your money making life, you will be expecting a comfortable life after retirement so you can save for your retirement and spend the rest of your life in financial peace.

Always plan to save

 We all know nothing is impossible without proper planning; the same goes with financial planning where you are supposed to make plans on savings and track them on a regular basis whether  you are adhering the same.

Build a budget for saving every month is not the same, you may encounter emergencies and you may have to spend your savings but building a budget will not harm you. Build a budget you would like to save from your earnings and stick to it. One tip: try saving in a bank account with no debit card and internet banking so that you do not tempt to use that money for luxury.

Track your expenses after you make a budget track your expenses, where you are spending, how much you are spending. If needed cut some luxury of availing public transport for short distances, go by walk.

Make secured investment these days you can make secured investment like fixed deposits, recurring deposits and so which will guarantee you good returns in short tenure.

Stick to your plan

 It’s just like a new year’s resolution where you promise yourself to get fit this year and workout a good two weeks and after that stop going to the gym and your resolution goes for a toss. If you have made a financial plan stick to it no matter what.

Something is better than nothing is the quote we should stick to, and start saving from today. You do not know what life has for us; it can be sweet pleasures or bitter pain. For such bitter pain be prepared and start saving from today.

Employers Are Using Credit Checks for Hiring, Hope you are not missing on Good Jobs!

A CIBIL report is like a financial report card that keeps track of your borrowing behaviour. It details the loans that you have taken, your payment patterns and other details relating to your credit history. This information is for sure useful to the banks who use it to evaluate your credit worthiness before granting you loan. In fact the CIBIL score and report have become an integral part of most bank’s loan approval process. But is this information of any use to your prospective employers? It seems very unlikely that your employer would be interested in knowing such details. He should only be concerned about your education qualification, experience, skills and aptitude required to do the job successfully! Right? Wrong!

You may be surprised to hear this, but there are quite a few companies especially in the financial sector who check the credit history before hiring an individual. You may think that your financial health has nothing to do with your capability to perform a job well, but some employers think differently. So next time you go out looking for a job, you need to worry about one more thing apart from your resume and interview preparation; that’s your CIBIL score and report. This practice of reviewing the credit history as a part of employee background check was prevalent in many western countries. Slowly this is gaining acceptance in India as well especially in the financial sector. It will not be long when companies across all sectors will use this as a standard practice.

For what kind of roles is credit check more prevalent?

Positions with financial responsibility, senior executive positions and roles that require handling of confidential or sensitive data usually involve credit checks. Many private sector banks like IndusInd, Standard Charted and DBS bank check the CIBIL report as a part of the thorough background check that they perform before offering a job. Such checks are usually performed for hiring for sensitive roles in an organization.  The rationale behind these checks is that if a person has defaulted on loan payments or not settled credit card dues since long, he may not be considered suitable for handling customer’s funds. Employers use this data to judge how responsible and financially stable you are.

So if your credit report is not in good shape, now is the time to work on improving CIBIL score. As the job market is becoming more and more competitive, companies are analysing the candidates profile more deeply to select the most suitable person for the job. A low CIBIL score may hinder your chances of getting hired for your dream job.

A CIBIL report which shows 100% credit utilization, significant levels of debt, late and missed payments and delinquencies indicates the irresponsible attitude of the individual. If the report shows many settled dues, bankruptcy, foreclosure then you may be seen as an individual with bad intentions. Companies refrain from hiring such individuals as they believe that poor financial health of an individual will have an adverse effect on his or her performance levels at the job. On the other hand a good CIBIL score and report is associated with honesty, integrity and responsibility towards one’s obligations.

What and how can the employer check credit details

Your credit score and credit report are two different things. Your report does not display the three digit number. Your employer can only check your credit report and not your score. Secondly, they cannot do a credit check secretly behind your back. They can do so only after seeking permission from you. The employer will ask you to authorize him and give a written consent to allow him to have a look at your report. So when you sign the authorization documents, you will know that your credit profile will be evaluated. You may refuse a credit check, but then the employers may reject your job application on the grounds that they were unable to complete their screening process.

If you have negative information on your report what should you do?

If you have questionable items on your report, inform the employer before hand as to what they can expect. You need to be prepared with an explanation for the negative record. Companies would want to know how you took charge of the financial situation when you were faced with adversity. Explain what you did to rectify the situation.

Bottom Line

Having excellent skills for the job is no longer enough to guarantee a placement. Employers have adopted the practice of checking CIBIL report to analyse your trustworthiness and attitude towards your responsibilities. So keep a check on your CIBIL report and improve CIBIL score. This will improve your prospects of landing into a good job when you are competing against other equally qualified candidates.

Four Steps to a Healthier Credit Report

Credit scores are important as they are not only an indication of financial well being and discipline but it also a crucial factor in getting a loan application accepted or rejected. Thus it makes sense for you to be aware of what contributes to making a good or bad credit rating so that you can aim to have a healthy credit report. Here we look at a few aspects that contribute to a healthier credit score.

How to Get a Healthier Credit Score:

Five factors impact CIBIL score calculation and taking care of these factors will ensure that you have a good rating that will allow you to have access to credit if you so require.

  1. Ensure Timely Payments: This is the most crucial factor in the credit score calculation. Thus paying on time is the best way to a healthier score. So whether it’s the EMIs or credit card bills remember to always them before the due date or by the due date. This simple rule will go a long way in maintaining a good score. If you have not done this in the past it is never too late to remedy your ways. While paying on time going forward will not immediately improve the score but it will have a positive impact over a long period of time and the negative impact of late payments each month will reduce. Plus it’s a great way to get you off the loan defaulter list and better your chances of getting a loan approved.
  2. Use the Credit Cards Wisely: Credit cards come with a sanctioned credit limit; this is the maximum amount that the user can spend without paying the dues. Thus if your card has a sanctioned limit of Rs. 100,000 then this means you have access to credit up to Rs. 100,000 per billing cycle. However this does not meant that you actually need to spend an amount equal to the sanctioned limit. Actually it is good idea to keep the spending below or equal to 30%-35% of the sanctioned limit on a regular basis. A low credit utilization ration (usage/sanctioned limit) has a positive impact on the credit score and after the credit repayment history it is the most important factor when calculating the score.
  3. Eliminate Old Dues: If one is looking at getting a healthier credit report card then it is mostly a long term process. Improving the rating takes time but eliminating old dues is something that can have an immediate impact if done correctly. If you have pending dues that are reflected in your CIR then take care of them in the right way to see an improvement in the score. When you repay old dues remember to pay the entire amount and in case you do negotiate with the lender then do ensure that the lender does not report it is “settled”. A settled debt is never a good sign and would not improve the score and may have an opposite impact. Having said that paying an old debt does not mean that the delays and missed payment are removed from payment history but the debt will not show as an overdue amount in future reports which is bound to have a positive impact.
  4. Avoid Credit Enquiries: Needless to say one must apply for a loan only when one requires it! Each time one applies for a loan the prospective lender seeks the credit report of the applicant. This is known as a hard enquiry; enquiries are one of the five factors that influence the CIBIL score calculation. Even when one needs a loan and applies for it then make sure you make a thorough check about the lender’s eligibility criterion and the required documentation. This will ensure that there are no unnecessary credit enquiries and you apply to lenders only where you have a fair chance of getting the loan application accepted.

Staying credit healthy should not be something that one does once in a while and them forgets about it. Inculcating healthy credit habits and being financially disciplined ensures that one remains credit healthy throughout! Just like are financial and physical health we need to take care of our credit health too.

Buying Your First Life Insurance Plan? Here are Things to Keep In Mind

Life is the most valuable asset for anyone and we all shudder at the thought of losing someone we love or for that matter about the loss that our loved ones would endure in case of one passing away.  Though one cannot do anything about the emotional loss that befalls the family in case of death of a loved one but one can take measures to ensure that they do not suffer (especially in the case of dependents) any financial hardships. This is where a life insurance policy comes in; the right life insurance policy would make sure that the dependants are taken care of financially in the event of death of the primary or sole breadwinner. So what should you keep in mind when buying your first life insurance plan?

  • What Life Stage are You In?

If you are buying your first life insurance plan then most likely you are at a stage in life where you have started working recently or have just started a family. However there may be times when you may have missed getting an insurance policy then; better late than never. Each life stage has different requirements and since a life insurance plan is bought primarily to take care of the dependents you need to keep their requirements in mind. As life stage changes so does the number of dependents and the requirements of the family. Insurance needs will be different for an individual who is recently married, both partners are working and they do not have any kids as compared to an individual who has spouse and two kids to support. As the life stage changes so should the insurance cover.

  • How Much Life Cover Do You Need?

The amount of insurance one needs will be dependent on your life stage, your lifestyle and your liabilities too. It is possible that two individuals who are at the same life stage may have different liabilities and hence their requirements may vary. The rule of thumb says that the insurance cover must be ten times the yearly income but there are various methods of calculating how much cover one should have. If one has a loan to service then that should be taken into account when calculating the required life cover, the number of dependents, their education and other requirements etc also must be factored in.

  • Which Plan Suits Your Requirements

There are numerous plans available to take care of the needs of an individual. Term plans give high coverage at low premiums as they are pure insurance plans. Endowment or money back plans guarantee a saving corpus by paying regular premiums and they also provide insurance cover. ULIPs help in wealth creation, though insurance is also provided but the cover provided vis-a-vie the premium is pretty low.  Insurance premiums are dependent on the age, medical health and of course the amount of cover one seeks. Another factor that may impact the premiums is the CIBIL score! Based on the CIBIL score the company will calculate its own insurance score which will indicate the likelihood of a claim. Choosing the right plan based on your requirement is important; for somebody who has just started working and has no liabilities an endowment plan or ULIP could be an option but for someone who wants maximum insurance at lowest premium the Term Plan is the best bet!

  • How is the Claim Process?

As we said earlier an insurance policy is bought to serve the needs of the dependants in the absence the breadwinner. However the policy would be useless if the family is unable to get the funds when they require or the process is too complicated for the family members to follow.  Thus before buying the policy check about the claims process, what is required, how much time it takes and other important aspects related to filing a claim. Do not forget to check the Claim Settlement Ratio of the company as it will give you a fair idea about how the company is at processing claims; it obviously makes sense to choose a company that has higher settlement ratio.

So if you are looking at buying an insurance policy, do keep the above in mind. Also do not forget to try and focus on how to improve CIBIL score so that you can buy a policy without paying higher premiums. A suitable insurance policy is very important for every individual.

Denied credit based on credit report? Here’s why

why.

Did you ever try to opt for a loan or a credit card and have been denied? Your credit history is recorded and filed as cibil report with credit bureaus. When you apply for a loan or a credit card the bank is likely to request for a credit record by the credit bureaus to understand if you have any default payments or unpaid debts. It also indicates whether you have filed for bankruptcy or arrested by to loan defaults. The reasons for denial of credit can be varied and different in every situation.

Here are some reasons why your credit can be denied:

High Debts

Any lender or creditor would like to see how you spend your earnings, if you have high debts or used maximum limit of your credit card could be a reason why your application can get rejected. Always try not to overspend from your credit card, many banks and organizations prefer people with people at least having 50% of limit available in their credit cards.

No credit history

A no credit history means you don’t have anything on your cibil report. This means you have never applied for any credit in your lifetime, which is a good thing. Many individuals prefer buying things in cash or without any line of credit which leads to a no credit history. In such cases many banks face hard time to sanction loans or credit cards without knowing the individual’s pattern of repayments. You can show your rent receipts if you are a tenant just to prove your reliability in making payments.

No credit activity 

When you have active accounts with banks it’s important to make small transactions with those accounts. If you have not made any transactions with such accounts it’s hard for a score to get generated. It’s suggested to make small payments or transactions to keep the scores activated and going.

Frequent credit report inquiries

If you have too many inquiries on your credit report and not many loans reflected on your report, the lender will come to a conclusion that you are trying for loans with multiple banks and organizations and there is something wrong with your current financial status.

 

Fraud cases

If you have done a fraud in terms of repayment, bad debts or you have been approached by an agency for money collection. This will severely damage your cibil report and will lead to a low cibil score. Always pay your debts on time and adhere to the EMIs so that you don’t face such circumstances. The collection agency approaches a customer if the credit balance has not been paid and its more than 6 months for the same.

If your application for a loan or a credit card is rejected, you may ask for the reasons why your application was rejected. If the information provided to you is inaccurate or false, you can file a dispute and the credit bureau has to correct the errors found.

It feels when you face such situations where you are denied for credit on the basis of a bad credit report but do not lose hopes, there is always a plan B. you will be able to find a lot of private lenders who will not consider you cibil rating. Start building your credit ratings from scratch and try maintaining a good score so that when time comes you can get easy access to loans. As we were told “small steps will lead to a bigger and better you”.

How lenders estimate credit for mortgage loan requests?

Are you facing a financial crunch? Are you in need of urgent funding? You may approach a bank with a mortgage loan request.

Financial crisis is a very common problem. Your existing property can however take care of your crisis. A mortgage loan helps you to raise funds to meet financial shortage. This is a Secured Loan in which you keep your immovable property (home) as a deposit and take money from the lender. The borrower needs to repay the loan via regular monthly installments within a particular period of time.

But before you do that, you must know how lenders estimate credit for mortgage loan requests.

Mortgage Loan Eligibility   

Both salaried as well as self-Employed individuals can apply for a Mortgage Loan.

To avail a mortgage credit, you need to carry out certain minimum eligibility conditions. The following are some of the factors considered by the lenders while determining your eligibility for a mortgage loan:

  • Minimum age: You should be minimum of 21 years of age at the time of the loan application.
  • Annual income: What income is required to qualify for a mortgage loan depends on the lender.
  • Existing liabilities (if any): Your monthly liabilities are taken into consideration (say living expenses, other EMIs and bills)
  • The valuation of your property (to be mortgaged): The lender generally approves 80% of the registered value of your property as the loan.
  • Number of dependents: If you are responsible for the livelihood or upkeep of some members in the family; they are your dependents (spouse, kids, and parents).
  • Total work experience and stability in current job: How long you have been in the current organization or business, your qualification definitely play a vital role in assessing your loan eligibility. Lenders prefer stability of job and prefer those who are employed for at least two years.
  • Proper financial documents: You should have proper and relevant financial documents (pay slips, ITR, bank statements) to avail the loan.

Basically after gathering information about your income and debts the lender assesses your credit profile. They determine how much you could afford to borrow. Before prequalifying, they adjudge your ability and willingness to repay the loan.

For ability check, the emphasis is put on your income and job stability. However to check willingness to repay they would ask you the purpose of property use. They would check your credit report to closely study your previous history of meeting any such commitments.

Your credit report speaks volumes about your credit repayment history. Looking into your report if the lender finds the report is plagued with derogatory remarks and red flags, it might reject the loan application. The red flags indicate that you didn’t make timely payment of loans in the past or settled with the bank (that is again did not pay in full). In case there is any delinquency, then a valid reason for the same has to be given with proper evidences. All in all, low CIBIL score literally could scupper your mortgage application.

You are usually entitled to get a Loan Against Property (LAP) up to 80% of the registered value depending on your repayment capacity. It is important to keep in mind that every bank has its own set policy to evaluate your property and assess the borrower’s eligibility to repay the loan.

If you have a good monthly in-hand and you are not servicing any other loan, you are eligible to get 60 times your monthly net income as a loan. However if you seek bigger amount you can use home equity to raise the funds.

So whether you are looking for additional funds to meet educational expenses, marriage expenses, medical expenses or even business reasons you need not worry! If you have a property in your name you can use LAP from any of the banks such as HDFC home loan and meet the financial obligations.

It is important to understand here that there are no fixed rules to estimate the eligibility for mortgage. Each lender would consider an application on individual basis.

Being a borrower however you should do a proper homework and know the amount of loan you seek. You should negotiate as much as possible on loan duration and rate of interest. You should ask the lender if there are any prepayment charges. With a home equity at stake you should not leave any stone unturned to ensure the affordability of the loan.

The Bad Credit Score Survival Advice

A red flag in the credit information report is like a fire in the jungle. You do not know how much damage it would make until it eases off. Surviving bad score is thus not easy. A lot of people might share the tricks of restoring credit score however the truth is, it is easier said than done.

Once ruined it would at least take six months to rebound the low CIBIL score. Many a times the damage stays on your report for years to come. All you can do is pacify the bad history with good history.

Let’s find out how you can cope with bad score and roll over the financial dice in your favor once again.

Seek professional advice on bad credit score survival.
After you come to know about your low score, the first step should be to seek a professional help. When you contact a Credit Improvement Agency, it would assess your credit report and guide accordingly the ways to improve the score.

If however you choose to do it yourself, go for free CIBIL check online and study your report. It will help you understand the gravity of the problem. After studying the report, if you find any errors eliminate them without a delay.

Make a budget and organize your finances
With bad score, your credit worthiness is hurt very badly. You need to take charge of financial conditional and analyze your expenses and incomes. Calculate your net income and know how much you actually have in hands to pay out the debts and installments. You should try to close the expensive cards and accounts first and try to save as much as possible.

Not to mention, you should try to add as much income avenues as possible and try to have some surplus every month. Your sole aim should be to become take your debt utilization ratio to 30% of the limit being granted to you.

Contact your creditors and make a repayment plan
When you have too many debts to manage, you should consider contacting your creditors in a hope to find an option to survive the bad account. Speaking with your lenders may help you find a middle path with lowered interest rate or a new repayment plan.

Raise additional loans to pay off loans / credit cards
After you limit the pressure of debts by closing expensive cards and refinancing of the loans, consider applying for new secured loan to survive the bad credit. You can use the amount to manage your finances and repay diligently all the installments. This would build a good history and gradually improve the score.

Use a co-signor or guarantor to avail low interest loan
When you have bad credit score with red flags in the credit report, it is unlikely that banks would offer you loans at low rate. With bad score you become a risky prospect for the bank and they want to lend only with a certain degree of security. Besides rejection of a loan application further ruins the score. Keeping both the facts in view, you should apply for loans with a co-signor or guarantor.

You can ask your friend, spouse or blood relative with high credit score to become a co applicant or guarantor for you. This would raise the chances of loan approval and that too at normal interest rate.

Use a high worth asset as collateral
With bad CIBIL score each unplanned financial activity would hurt your score further. Besides loan repayment and credit utilization ratio, the mix of loans and length of loans also affect your score. If you have home equity or other high value assets such as Gold, you can use these assets as collateral and raise a secured loan.

Consolidate your debt
When you have too many debts to pay and manage every month, you can consider consolidating them into a big umbrella loan that helps you close all accounts into one. You can consolidate loans as a long term personal loan using your home as collateral. The goal of consolidating loans is to make your monthly repayment affordable and save some surplus every month.

Rent a home/property
Last but not the least you can consider renting your home or part of your home to raise some extra funds and save some amount every month.

Using all these steps you can gradually improve your credit health.

How to enhance your loan eligibility

Every bank follows a credit appraisal process in order to determine a borrower’s loan eligibility. It checks the CIBIL score of an individual, and assesses the CIBIL report, income and other documents to determine whether the borrower is capable of repaying the loan on time or not. By working on the credit profile and improving credit score one can increase the chances of approval.

Here are some ways that can help you increase your loan eligibility.

Longer tenure of loan– Repayment capacity of the borrower is a major factor that banks consider before sanctioning a loan. If the monthly instalment is higher than what the bank thinks you can afford to pay, then your eligibility will be affected. Opting for a longer tenure will reduce your EMI liability and enhance your eligibility. Though a longer tenure will increase your net interest outgo it will at least make you eligible for the loan. 

Additional income-Showcasing that you have a high steady income helps to increase your loan eligibility. Keep a record of the variable perks or performance linked pay that you earn from your job and add them to your income. Mention the other sources of income such as high interest fixed deposits or rental income on the property that you own. Such additional sources of income will enhance your repayment capacity and increase the amount that you are eligible for. You may need to furnish supporting documents as proof of the additional income. So keep them handy.

Step-Up Loans- Step-Up loans are a great way to increase the loan eligibility. For people who are in a profession where there is struggle in the initial years, but surety of a good financial status going forward, this is an easy way to borrow funds. Here an individual pays a lower EMI in the initial years. The EMI progressively increases with the tenure of the loan. Here the eligibility increases as the future income is expected to increase as the borrower establishes himself in his profession.

Prepay-existing loans- If you are considering taking a home loan, then prepaying your outstanding loans like a car loan or a personal loan, is a good way to enhance your eligibility. The EMI that you are already paying on the existing loans reduces your monthly repayment capacity and impacts the home loan amount that you may be eligible for. For example if your monthly income is Rs 1 lakh, the bank may consider your repayment capability as Rs 50,000 as EMI. But if you already have a personal loan where the EMI is Rs 20,000 this will be deducted from the amount that you can afford. So to arrive at the eligible amount, the bank will consider your affordability as Rs 30,000. Hence it is advisable to prepay these loans before making a home loan commitment.

Co-borrower-The assessment of the repayment capacity of the borrower largely depends on his income.  The EMI is generally half the take home salary. But if it falls short of the required limit you can bring in a co-applicant. If your spouse is earning, then it is a good idea to make a joint application. Pooling two incomes together enhances the loan eligibility amount to a great extent. This also means that the liability of repaying rests on both the applicants.

 Work on your CIBIL score- CIBIL score is an important factor that determines loan eligibility. Hence you should make all efforts to improve credit score. Check your CIBIL report and score regularly. If you notice an errors then dispute them immediately. Pay your monthly instalments and credit card bills on time. Use your credit card wisely. By keeping the utilization levels below 30% of available credit limit you will ensure that you improve credit score.

When you work on the important aspects (like income and credit score) that the bank evaluates in order to make an assessment, you can surely enhance your loan eligibility.