All credit bureaus in India are required to provide a free credit report once a year to anyone who asks for it. This means that you can access your credit report free of cost four times a year since there are four credit rating agencies in India. However for these reports to be useful you should be able to understand the relevance of the information contained in them, especially the critical part. So here we take a look at the critical information that a credit report contains what it means and why you need to focus on it.
What is Critical in Your Report?
So let’s say you got your free credit report, now you need to know what is contained in each section and how it impacts your credit score. As we all know credit scores are all about your debt history so all information about all your credit cards and loans.
The credit score definitely is the most important thing in your CIR. A good score is important for you to get loan applications sanctioned and is also an indicator of your credit health. A score above 700 is considered to be good.
The accounts section is the most crucial part of the report and the information contained here impacts the score to a great extent. Information about all open loans, closed loans and credit cards is included in this section. Thus you should first make sure that all the loans and cards that are mentioned in the CIR actually belong to you. Though unlikely some loan or credit card that may not belong to you may be mentioned in your CIR. It could be just an error or sometimes a case of identity theft in either case it is very important that you take immediate action on it.
The next thing you need to understand is the account classification of each loan. Each debt is classified as per their payment status. Thus if you have been paying regularly then your loan would be classified as STD. If a loan is classified as anything other than STD then it means that you have not been paying regularly and it is not good for the score. So make sure that no loan is classified as a non-std asset by mistake. It may happen that the borrower may assume that his EMI’s are being debited on times while it may not be happening due to some error or oversight.
You should also check your repayment history, this will let you know if you have paid all your dues on time in the past 36 months. DPD means day past due; thus DPD of zero for all credit cards and loans is a good sign for the credit score. Anything beyond zero DPD signifies that the payment has been delayed which will lower your credit rating.
Also ensure that all loans that have been repaid by you fully are reported as closed. Even if you have repaid all the dues from your end but the loan reflects as an open loan then you need to get in touch with the lender and get a NOC or complete any other pending formality as required.
When going through the CIR also check details like the total loan amount, unpaid amount, tenure, interest etc. This will ensure that you have all your facts straight and there are no errors on the part of the lender or you have not missed any important detail.
Other Aspects That Require Attention Too:
While what is mentioned above is critical in your report, there are other aspects too that require careful consideration. Some facts that you need to check are:
Personal Information section contains details about the DOB, PAN, and driving license and so on. Make sure that all information mentioned is accurate
Contact Information section has details about individual’s current address and also past addresses (if any), email address, telephone number, mobile number etc. Again the accuracy of this information is important.
Employment Information section has details about the current occupation, work place details, name of the company (for salaried) duration of employment etc.
Enquiry Information sections details about all enquiries made by lenders and this also has a bearing on your credit score. So do make sure that the details mentioned here are accurate.
So get your CIR and understand what it means, it will help you stay credit healthy.