Let’s find out interesting facts about credit score that you didn’t know

Credit score itself is an interesting topic. The whole logic, algorithm, how is it calculated, what factors are associated with it. All becomes one big score that is required to check the creditworthiness of an individual when he or she has applied for a loan or credit card to either the banks or the NBFCs (Non-banking Financial Institutions). For the basics, A Credit Score is a three digit number ranging between 300-900. Where 300 is the lowest and 900 is the highest. The score between 750-900 is a good score. Between 600-750 is considered as an average score and anything below 600 is bad.

There are four credit bureaus in India who gives credit scores. CIBIL (Credit Information Bureau India Limited), Experian, Equifax and CRIF Highmark are these four bureaus. These credit bureaus have the authority to access an individual’s credit history as they have the communication channel set with the banks and NBFCs (Non Banking Financial Institutions) who passes the information of when was the loan or a credit was applied to when it was approved to when it was disbursed and finally when they do they start repaying. Any missed or delayed payments, are all recorded and obviously which affect the score!

Payment History, Amount Owed, Credit Mix, Length Of Credit History and New Accounts are the five factors of which the credit score is made! We all know that. We have read many times about these criteria or the parameters and how they can make or break the score. The free CIBIL Score that is offered also helps anyone know the score and a detailed report wherein one can check the mishaps that must have happened if the score has gone low or anything related. But let’s know a few things beyond that. And what are other factors that one can take care too!

The first that comes is the credit utilization ratio:

What is the credit utilization ratio?

If you are a credit card user, you would know that there is a credit limit to the card which is assigned to you. Now, the credit limit given does not necessarily mean that use the whole of it. Practice shows that people who used a maximum 35% to 40% of their credit limit of the credit card, helped them keeping the score batter and on an average increasing the score. The logic is that it shows that the user is not credited hungry and is responsible enough to use some amount of the credit available. In such a case, if your utilization is high, try and get one more card and manage the balance or you can always clear the outstanding and revive the credit limit.

Secured Loans:

Secured loans or secured credits gives the financial institutes an idea that there always is a backup just in case if there is an emergency and you may just not be able to pay off the loan. A Car loan, Gold loan are some such small amount example of loans and secured credit card which is obtained against the FD that is kept to get that credit card are some of few hacks and tricks you can follow to get a better score.

Investing in something and from the interest received, pay the EMIs:

Now, this is one very interesting concept. Say you have X amount of money with you. If you are buying a home or a car or want to go for higher education or maybe send your kids for the education if you are that age, keep that amount as an investment. Take a loan for the work and manage in such a way that from the interest received from that investments, you can pay the EMI of a loan. In such manner, you can have the money safe, invested and with a new loan account, all the factors of the credit score are also covered helping you increase the score!

Follow these simple interesting hacks related to credit score which you probably didn’t know!

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My credit score is 550. Will bank consider me for a loan against property?

We all make mistakes in life. Due to financial negligence, might be a possibility you have made a mistake too. Imagine, you have overspent your savings and have opted for different loans. At one particular time, you have all the possible loan account running and nowhere to go. You explain this to your friend and he suggests you to go for a loan against property and asks you to consolidate all your debts and pay it off at one go. You like the idea and start the process to opt for a loan against property and get through to a lender who you are comfortable taking a loan from. You submit your application with all the necessary documents attached and wait for a positive confirmation. In the initial process you get a call from the bank and you are informed that the loan plea is been rejected and the reason for the same is that you have a low cibil score of 550. You start wondering, what can you do and start doing some research on credit score and how to enhance it. You get know that the credit score won’t appreciate overnight and it’s a lengthy process.

First of all, you need to understand what is a credit score and what are its ranges and how will it impact the decision of lender on giving you a credit line.

What is a cibil score and what is a good range of it?

A credit score is a graphical representation of how you are doing financially. A good credit score can not only help you with a quick loan, but will also help in many ways you cannot imagine. There are factors which contribute to your score and you will have to maintain a good score if you want to get a credit line in future. The score ranges from 300 to 850, 850 being the magic number where everything comes to you automatically. Anything below 600 is considered to be poor and you will have to struggle a lot for getting things sorted as far as financial product go.

So, the main question here is will you get a loan against property if you happen to have a score of 550?

The answer to this is a yes! You will get a loan for sure but you will have to go through a lot of pain and hassles, do not worry we will provide you a checklist here,

Shop around

The very first thing you do is to do a thorough research on your report and then shop around for loans. Find a Non-banking financial corporation which will fund your loan against property and get your money credited in no time. You will be paying more interest rate as compared to market standards but it will solve your need of the hour.

Make your file strong

Even if you have a bad cibil score, you can still make your file strong by showing your employer reference, adding a co-borrower and so on. Just because this is one type of a secured loan where you will be keeping your property as collateral, there are chances that you will get a loan sanctioned with ease.

Start saving

After the storm is settled, make sure to start saving and try getting the loan closed. If you make the same mistakes which you’ve made in the past, the chances are you may lose your property to the bank and this can be very depressing.

Maintaining a good credit score is never an easy task, you will go through a lot when it comes to maintaining it. The good part is that you can always start fresh and start your building journey from where you left.

How to bring up your CIBIL score to 750 this Holi?

Credit Score. A tricky thing but not rocket science that one can’t understand. let’s understand the basics! A credit score is a three-digit number, ranging between 300-900. A score that is 750 or above is a good score, a score between 600-750 is average and anything below 600 is a bad or a low score.

Why is credit score important?

Almost when we are in the completion of the second decade of the 2000s, majorly the money rollings happen on loans or credits. One applied for a loan, or the credit they want and negotiate on the terms and get the money they want with the interest. Now, when this process works in association with a bank, or an NBFC (Non-Banking Financial Institution), they keep the record of the money landed, and when and how it was repaid! These are the info that goes to credit bureaus and with the algorithms, a credit score is generated. This score gives the idea about the creditworthiness of an individual and how responsible he/she is in handling the credit. And depending on that score, when applied for new credit, it is either approved or rejected. And that is why a credit score is important.

Which are the credit bureaus?

Ever wondered who gives the score or who calculated the score? The answer is the credit bureaus. There are four credit bureaus in India. CIBIL (Credit Information Bureau India Limited) established in 2000 and serving as the pioneer, Equifax, Experian, and CRIF Highmark which came eventually in existence. Since CIBIL was the first bureau, many people address credit score as CIBIL Score. These bureaus have an algorithm based on various parameters that check and gives the credit score.

What are the Parameters of credit score?

1. Payment History: How responsible one has been in handling credits (credit card bills and loan EMIs) and replaying them on time.

2. Amount Owed: How much credit has been taken to date.

3. Length Of Credit History: How Long had one been taking and managing the credit.

4. Credit Mix: A good mix of secured and unsecured credit along with a fixed and revolving type of credit.

5. New Credit: At a regular interval if new credit is applied.

These five parameters are given various percentage weightage by the credit bureaus and by that the score is established. As mentioned earlier, a score is one thing that can make or break the dreams looked for when it comes to applying for a loan and getting is approved! Better or higher the score more are the chances of getting the credit line approved! But, what to do if the score is low?

How to improve CIBIL score?

Let’s say, we have the fastest target of two months, say Holi. Now, considering the five parameters mentioned above, start working on each of them. Payment history, check your score and credit report. See if there are any missed payments, late payments or unclosed accounts. First and foremost work on that. Take a small loan if you have a cash crunch to clear the old debts. This will help in the second parameter. Length of old credits is to be taken care for. The oldest credit card, even if not in use, don’t discontinue. Pay the annual fees and keep it on. Take a loan which is a secured one, say gold or a car loan. Also, mix it with a personal loan. A credit card is also an option and hence a good mix of secured, unsecured and revolving loan with add up to the value. Since you are applying for new credit, this anyway will add to all of this!

Make sure that the credit card utilization ration does not exceeds 40% of your total limit. Do not apply for too many credits. As that may come across credit hungry behavior and will drag the score down!

Just these few moves and you will see the change in your score that will boost up your requirements! What are you waiting for? Start working on them from today!

Healthy CIBIL report helps to improve chances to get a loan.

In 2000, First ever credit bureau was established in association with a US credit bureau Transunion for Helping individual with their credit scores and credit reports. CIBIL Transunion established it’s marked by providing the scores to individuals who had taken loans and credits. CIBIL (Credit Information Bureau India Limited) was widely chosen by the banks and NBFCs(Non-Banking Financial Institutions) and helped it get the details of borrowers in order to get a better management system for credits. And also made it easy for a financial institution for the reference check in order to know the creditworthiness of an individual and eventually even companies.

CIBIL report then became an important aspect in each individual’s and even financial institution’s life. As stated above, it became easier for anyone to know past payment history, the amount owed, credit mix, length of credit histories and new credits they have applied for. And these are exactly the five parameters which make the score. Let us now understand the basic difference between CIBIL Score and CIBIL Report. CIBIL score is a three-digit number ranging between 300-900 where 900 is is considered as highest and 300 is to be the lowest. The creditworthiness is checked by the range of the score. Any score between 300-600 is considered lowest, any score between 600-750 is average and 750+ is highest. The score is this and the credit report has the detailed information of Individual. Starting for a score, personal details like Name, Address, Email, Mobile Number, PAN card, Aadhar Card etc. With that, it has detailed information about the credits that have been taken. From the time the credit account has been open, till it’s repayments and also when it was done and ending details. If any defaults, missed or delayed payments, are also mentioned in the report. Along with this, the last segment has details of all the credit inquiries that have been made till date. Credits here consists of credit cards and the loans both!

A Healthy report is the one which has the score 750+ as a start. All the personal information correct and verified. Major of the credit account with the status as closed and not settled of the one which is completed. The once which are open should have proper payment history i.e. no missed or delayed payments. Not too many new credit inquiries in a short span of time as that show a credit hungry behavior. Everyone should understand that nowadays all the financial institutions check the report and the score before sanctioning the loans or the credits or the credit card limits. If major of the above-mentioned criteria are fulfilled even the lenders are happily sanctioning the loan as that is like a low-risk profile for them. If suppose the score is low, or there are previous missed and delayed payments, too many of accounts settled, then that gives the impression to the lender as the borrower is not a responsible one and if the new credit or the loan is approved for him, that can straight away be a risky thing as he or she might repeat the same mistakes as done earlier and hence the credit may go on toss!

After knowing the fact of chances of getting a loan in an easier manner, know the fact that when the score is good and a report is healthy it is also added to the fact that the interest rates are lower. Suppose a person with 750+ score is planning to take a personal loan and a person with 650 score is planning to take a personal loan then there will be a minimum of 1%-2% difference in the Personal Loan Interest Rate. And sometimes even more. So be wise and always try to maintain your credit score and report healthy!

Mistakes to Avoid When Building Credit History

If you want to be responsible towards your financial security, then it’s important that you build a high credit score with the help of good credit history. However, in that endeavor, you want to be careful with your actions and avoid the common mistakes that people commit only to hurt their score. These are:

1. Closing Old Accounts

It’s true that with few bank accounts and credit card accounts you can manage your finances easily and get the desired results faster. However, if you have to close a few accounts, then picking the old ones can do more harm than good.

Here is the thing- the length of credit history plays a huge role in your credit score calculation. In other words, your oldest accounts make a bigger contribution towards your score in comparison to your recent accounts. So, if you have to close an account, it’s best to choose one that’s relatively new.

2. Late Payments

Late payments, whether we talk about personal loans or credit cards, are never good for your credit rating. In fact, the majority of top credit bureaus such as TransUnion CIBIL, Equifax, High Mark, etc. give the highest weightage to the payment history when calculating your credit score. So, if you miss only a few payments, then your credit history will stay good. However, if you fail to make the payments on time more often than not, especially in multiple accounts, then you can expect a huge damage to your creditworthiness.

3. Increasing Credit Utilization

You may have a reason to believe that increasing credit card usage i.e. credit utilization can help to build a high credit score faster. On the surface, that seems logical, after all. However, that’s not how the system works.

Higher credit utilization doesn’t have any impact on the credit rating growth. In fact, if it’s above 35%, then it can easily cause damage instead. This is because the credit rating agencies associated high credit utilization with “credit hungry” behavior. In other words, they are led to believe that the user isn’t financially reliable which is why they are utilizing a large portion of the credit available at their disposal.

4. Carrying Credit Card Balance

A lot of people don’t know exactly how the “minimum payment” feature of credit cards work. They just assume that everything is fine as long as they make these payments.

In theory, minimum payments are a good option. After all, you don’t have to pay any fine and so your credit score shouldn’t be hurt either, right? Wrong!

It’s true that by making minimum payments you can prevent the penalties and/or extra charges. However, you may still suffer in the long run. This is because when you make a minimum payment, your balance amount is carried over to the next month and becomes debt. So, if you continue making minimum payments again and again, your total debt will increase which not only gives rise to financial challenges but also impacts your credit score calculation.

5. Failing to Monitor Credit Report

When people want to increase their credit score, they often to their friends and relatives for guidance. If they are lucky, they get some valuable insight and tips such as expanding the credit variety, timely payments, the option of secured credit cards, etc. However, a lot of times they don’t get to learn about the significance of credit report monitoring.

If your credit report has discrepancies, then the credit rating agencies will continue to give you a poor score even if you are making all kinds of efforts. Plus, you can’t monitor your progress unless you monitor your report and actually measure the impact of your actions.

All the credit rating agencies in India are required to provide every user a free credit report once every year. Thus, there is no reason for you to not get yours.

Building a good credit history isn’t too complicated or difficult. However, having sound knowledge of the same is the key. In that regard, the mistakes explained above can be of great help to you. Good luck!

How to Plan Your Dream Wedding Without Spending Your Savings?

Life is but a long sequence of good and bad moments. However, some moments are more special and important than the others, one of which is your marriage.

It’s true that you don’t tie the knot every day. Plus, it’s a special occasion because it’s the beginning of a new chapter, or rather a new life. Thus, it’s understandable if you want to organize a lavish and festive wedding, with no concern for the expenses. However, is using your savings for the same a good idea? Let’s find out.

Weddings in India

Indians weddings are known for their grandeur and plush display. However, to make arrangements for these, a massive amount of money is required. This is the reason why many young professionals turn to their savings for help. They liquidate their fixed deposit accounts, bonds, and other long-term investments to fund their weddings. However, this is not recommended by the finance experts for the following reasons:

  • After you get married, many new expenses may need to be taken care of, such as home loan, new furniture, travel, car loan, etc. However, if you have spent all your savings on the wedding, then you won’t be able to clear these expenses.
  • You must always have an emergency fund for financial security. For instance, if for any reason, you lose your job or develop a serious illness, then you should have enough money to handle the situation without needing money from anyone else.

What’s the Solution?

A personal loan is the best solution for funding your dream wedding because of the following factors:

 

Peace of Mind

The biggest and most important reason to get a personal loan is that it gives you the peace of mind when you know your savings safe and untouched. So, you can enjoy planning your wedding without a worry and pay for all expenses easily.

With a personal loan, you also don’t need to go through the inconvenience of selling your mutual funds, bonds, etc. to get the money. Instead, you can give your full attention to the most important event of your life i.e. your marriage.

Fast Disbursal

The approval process for a personal loan isn’t as complicated as a home loan or education loan which require an excellent cibil report and often a loan guarantor too. There are also few formalities and minimum waiting period.

These days, many banks offer special loans which are designed for exclusively for marriages. So, you can also look into them to get the money even more easily and quickly.

Competitive Interest Rates

Thanks to the large number of NBFCs and other financial institutions that have emerged on the surface today, the interest rates and perks offered on the personal loans are extremely competitive. So, if your timing is just right, and your CIBIL report is impressive, then you can easily get an attractive interest rate that will help you repay your loan quickly.

How to get a wedding loan?

To get the best possible loan for your wedding, be sure to do your research and compare the interest rates online. Other than this, you must keep the following things in mind:

  • Wedding Budget: A wedding comprises of various kinds of expenses. However, when you take a loan, then you have to make sure that you have as accurate of a budget as possible. This is to avoid a situation in which your loan is way smaller than your actual expenditure.
  • CIBIL report: One of the most important things you need to do to get a low interest rate is to improve your credit report. This is because all banks decide the interest rate and the terms of the loan on the basis of this important document only.
  • Loan Documents: Make sure that you have the appropriate documents to apply for the loan. These include your ID, proof of income, bank statements, etc.

In Conclusion

Weddings are meant to be thoroughly enjoyed and cherished, there are no two ways to it. However, you can’t let your emotions come in the way of your discretion. So, spend as much money you feel comfortable with, but don’t splurge your savings when a personal loan is a much safer option.

 

Does Credit Score Retires?

Credit rating is a continuous process that begins with the first loan or credit card one takes in their name. Subsequent to that all information related to cards and loans keeps on getting updated in the credit report. The credit score is calculated based on the cumulative information on each loan and card. There are five basic parameters that determine the credit score of an individual. So does credit rating have validity? Does a score retire after a specified time period?

Understanding Credit Scores:

Before we understand whether a credit score retires or not it is important to understand the calculation process for it. Repayment history, credit utilization ratio, loan tenure, credit inquiries and credit mix are the five factors that influence the credit rating.

Repayment records about all loan dues and card dues is reported in the CIR, this is done month on month so as long as a loan is running or a card is active, information on them will keep getting updated. Regardless of the fact whether a loan runs for 15 years or 5 years the record will keep getting updated for that duration. So what happens when the loan is repaid? After that repayment record are not updated but the loan status whether closed or settled is reported in the CIR.

The same applies to the credit utilization ratio too, this information is also continuous as the card would be used on an ongoing basis and this information will also be updated monthly and the score would reflect that too. Hard enquiries (when a prospective lender asks for an applicant’s score) would be reported in the report as and when an enquiry is made. Information about credit mix and loan tenure is also dynamic in nature and would depend on the individual’s treatment and nature of their debt.

So Do Credit Scores Have Validity?

No, credit scores per se do not have any validity and they do not retire. Credit rating calculation is a dynamic process and gets updated as and when there is a change in parameters (that impact the score) whether positive or negative. However the information that is part of the score calculation has a specific validity and will cease to impact the score after a specified time frame. Repayment history for 36 months is included in the report and only repayment records for past 36 month are included in the score calculation. The more recent information has more impact on the rating. Thus if a default or delay is made more than 36 months back its negative impact will not be felt after this time frame.

Hard inquiries for two years are included in the report however when score is calculated only inquiries made in the last year are factored in. So all inquiries made in the past year will have an impact on the rating; older enquiries will have no impact whatsoever on the score calculation. So anyone who wants to improve CIBIL score should avoid making loan applications without a sufficient gap between two loan applications.

Information about “settled” or “written off” loans stays the longest on a report and this account status must be avoided at all costs. Any “settled” or “written off” loan raises red flags for all future lenders as they may feel that you cannot be trusted as a borrower. This information stays on the report for seven years, thus the validity of this information is seven years.

As we discussed before, information related to loan tenure and debt mix is dynamic. If a loan runs for its full tenure then it is considered good for the rating as a deeper credit trail is good for the credit health. Secured loan and unsecured loan mix is also a factor when the rating is calculated, a bigger proportion of unsecured loans is not good for the score. So as and when the loan proportion changes its impact will vary on the score.

Thus credit scores do not retire and have no validity but some information that is used to calculate them may have some validity and may become redundant after a specified time period.

Will my credit score be affected if I inquire frequently?

Taking loans to fulfil immediate financial requirements has become quite common. With this the importance of credit score has also increased manifolds. People have realized the importance of keeping the score high so that they get approved for loans easily, get the best credit card offers and the lowest interest rate possible. Even people who do not plan to take a loan in near future are keeping a check on their score, so that they don’t face any problems in future, if they need funds in case of an emergency.

Enquiring about your credit score helps you gauge your current situation, identify accounts that may be causing damage and find out ways to improve your credit profile. But some people have a misconception that such credit enquiries can damage your credit score. It is a complete myth that checking score frequently harms your score.  There are some credit enquiries that are not good for your score. But those are hard enquiries. When you check your score yourself it is known as a soft enquiry. Let’s explore what hard and soft enquiries are in more detail.

When you submit a loan application, the lender requests for your credit score and report from the credit bureau. They use this information to analyse your past borrowing behaviour.  Based on your score, they estimate the risk they are exposed to and accordingly decide whether to approve or reject the loan application. This score is also used to set interest rates and other loan terms. This type of enquiry made by the lenders is called a hard enquiry. All these are listed in your credit report and make up 10% of your score. While a single enquiry may result in only a slight dip, frequent hard enquiries indicate that you are applying for credit frequently. Such a credit hungry behaviour isn’t good for credit score. So one shouldn’t apply for multiple credit cards within a short span of time.

Soft enquiries include credit enquiry made by landlords, employers and insurance companies.  Since these situations do not lead to accumulation of debt they do not affect your credit score. Even the background check made by lenders for preapproval of loan is a soft enquiry. A check made by credit card companies to see whether you qualify for promotional offers is also a soft enquiry. Similarly checking your own credit report is also counted as soft enquiry. Soft enquiries are not listed on the credit report and they are not factored in credit scoring models. Hence, they do not affect score negatively.

In fact checking your score is a good practice, it is often the first step in improving it. It helps one do a reality check as to how one’s credit habits are affecting the credit profile. In order to encourage people to take their score seriously, RBI has mandated the bureaus to provide a free credit report every year. Checking the report frequently also helps in keeping problems like identity theft at bay. One must check the free credit report every year to uncover any mistakes or inconsistencies.

So go ahead and check your free credit report as and when you want to. It will not have any negative effect on your score. In fact you can get a free credit report from each of the three bureaus every year. So you can check your report for free thrice in a year. It is a good way to keep track of your financial health.

If there is a sudden drop in your score, it may be either due to recording of incorrect information or misuse of identity. One can report such issues to the bureau and ask them to rectify the mistakes. Taking a peek into one’s credit score also motivates one to take actions to bring positive changes to the score. If you are working towards improving score a regular check will help you see the results of your efforts.

Will My Job Hurt My Credit Score?

Money is an important aspect of life. You almost need money to complete every task in life. Where do you get the money from? That’s right, by doing a job. A good job can determine what you do, where you stay, what you wear and how your lifestyle can be. Your job can impact you in lot of ways both directly and indirectly.

Will it impact your credit score? Absolutely not! Your jobs, the designation, take home salary, bonuses, etc. does not get reflected in your credit report. This does not mean your salary does not have power on your loan buying process. For example, you are applying for a credit card; the lender will ask you for your annual salary to set a credit limit on your card. This way your job indirectly contributes when you apply for a financial product or a credit line.

So what exactly may hurt my credit score?

Payment history, debt levels, age of credit, types of accounts and inquiries on your credit report are the five main factors which contribute to your cibil score. Your employment status, your incomes and gains are never reported to the bureaus.

If unfortunately you lose your job for some reason, that can indirectly affect your credit score and you will end up on the loan defaulter list. Losing your job can be a saddest thing that can happen to you. You join a firm with a lot of confidence expecting your position will be intact, but when a bomb is dropped on you of unemployment, you are shattered everywhere.

Let us see how a job loss can indirectly harm your credit score,

Behind on loan EMIs and credit card payments

There is a famous proverb stating “Money brings Money”. When you happen to be in a job, there are a lot of bankers and card lenders who offer you different financial products like loans and credit cards. Though we know, they are just our want not need; even then we tend to go ahead with it. Because you have a stable job and a fat cheque, you start spending and get used to a lavish lifestyle. After losing your job, you realize that the EMIs are pending and the credit card bills are overdue and you have no money to make the payment. This will definitely result to a dip in your credit score.

Take new loans to pay your bills

Now that you know that you are in deep trouble financially after losing your job, you will opt for a new loan. A new loan will come with new terms and a new EMI, because it is an urgent requirement you may end up paying more processing charges than usual. You may also try to get in touch with your credit card vendor and ask for a limit raise. Limit raise totally depends on the sole discretion of the card lender, who will check your cibil score first and then think of giving you a limit raise.

 

Unexpected expenses

Trying to close one financial hole after another can be stressful but if in between this process something unexpected happens, like a family member needs medical attention then you are in for another problem in your life. This will result to you finding another loan to fill this gap.

A job hunt

Maintaining a good credit score is really important, even if you have lost your job. Many employers check your credit report to understand your financial capability and determine if you are job worthy. A bad credit score can cost you your next job. So no matter how bad your financial situation is, always pay all your debts on time.

You should always save money and keep some amount as reserve for unexpected events in life. Even if you lose your job, the reserve money can help you keep going for at least till the time you find another job. Spend less, always focus on what you need rather than what you want, this will definitely help you in long run to save money and live in financial harmony.

What Is A Credit Score?

You are planning to take a loan for the most favorite car you had thought once buying or a house you always had imagined or the business you wished to expand, would take you to a journey of going to banks, making inquiries, checking the best quote and the interest rate offered to you and then finally deciding which option would suit you the best in terms of tenor, rate of interest, processing fees and pre-payment charges. Now the point is, how do banks or non-banking financial institutions decide the rate of interest or other charges? What are the criteria?

Suppose you and your friend went to a bank. You both earn almost the same, your age is same, the family background is also similar. And you both apply for the same loan is the same bank. But you were offered 11.5% interest rate whereas your friend was offered 10.25% interest rate with little lesser processing fees and pre-payment charges. Now that would make you think if the external factor looks the same, why are the other things different? So you finally decide to know the details deeply of why your friend was given lower rates than you. And here would be the analysis of what you would get.

You had never done a CIBIL Score Check. Which is one of the major factor of the interest rates being processed? Lower the credit score more is the interest rate and vice-versa. The credit score ranges from 300-900. Where 300 is the lowest and 900 is the highest. Any sore beyond 750 is considered a good score. People below this score are considered red zoned, and the one above 750 are greed zoned. It’s not that, if you have a score below 750 you will not get a loan, but the % of interest will be higher. Now let us take into consideration that why is the score low or high? Basically, what are the factors that decide the score? There are 5 factors whose combination results in the score.

  1. Payment History (35%)

The major factor which determined your credit score is the payment history. How well-organized you are in making the payments of the credits you have taken, shows how responsible you are. Banks can make a note of your previous payments and decide if you will be an asset for them or not. If previously you have made blunders in payments or didn’t pay regularly, the score dips badly and makes it difficult for you to get a loan. If the score is not good, and it’s becoming difficult for you to get a loan; in that case, you can try for loans for bad credit. But ultimately the loss will be yours only.

  1. Amount owed (30%)

The total amount which is taken by you, in any means of the credit i.e. by credit card or a loan also has second major thing determined in the score. The amount of the revolving credit and the fixed credit is in the amount owed.

  1. Length of credit history (15%)

How long is your credit account active, and how old is your account also determines your score. Some people make the mistake of closing the older accounts thinking they are not of any use but that creates a dip in the score. So,  keep the accounts active.

  1. Types of Credits (10%)

There are 2 types of credit. Fixed or installment based credit and revolving credit with a mix of secured and unsecured credit. The type of credit you have will also contribute in the score. It’s healthy if you have a good mix of all types of credit.

  1. New Credit (10%)

The new credits you take is also a determining factor of your score. New credit means you are becoming more responsible towards your repaying responsibility. But do not overdo, else this would also hamper your score.

Always manage the credits you take responsibly. If you check your score and you feel there is some mistake, get a detailed report and check. Work with that diligently and patiently to get your score in green zone!