Credit score itself is an interesting topic. The whole logic, algorithm, how is it calculated, what factors are associated with it. All becomes one big score that is required to check the creditworthiness of an individual when he or she has applied for a loan or credit card to either the banks or the NBFCs (Non-banking Financial Institutions). For the basics, A Credit Score is a three digit number ranging between 300-900. Where 300 is the lowest and 900 is the highest. The score between 750-900 is a good score. Between 600-750 is considered as an average score and anything below 600 is bad.
There are four credit bureaus in India who gives credit scores. CIBIL (Credit Information Bureau India Limited), Experian, Equifax and CRIF Highmark are these four bureaus. These credit bureaus have the authority to access an individual’s credit history as they have the communication channel set with the banks and NBFCs (Non Banking Financial Institutions) who passes the information of when was the loan or a credit was applied to when it was approved to when it was disbursed and finally when they do they start repaying. Any missed or delayed payments, are all recorded and obviously which affect the score!
Payment History, Amount Owed, Credit Mix, Length Of Credit History and New Accounts are the five factors of which the credit score is made! We all know that. We have read many times about these criteria or the parameters and how they can make or break the score. The free CIBIL Score that is offered also helps anyone know the score and a detailed report wherein one can check the mishaps that must have happened if the score has gone low or anything related. But let’s know a few things beyond that. And what are other factors that one can take care too!
The first that comes is the credit utilization ratio:
What is the credit utilization ratio?
If you are a credit card user, you would know that there is a credit limit to the card which is assigned to you. Now, the credit limit given does not necessarily mean that use the whole of it. Practice shows that people who used a maximum 35% to 40% of their credit limit of the credit card, helped them keeping the score batter and on an average increasing the score. The logic is that it shows that the user is not credited hungry and is responsible enough to use some amount of the credit available. In such a case, if your utilization is high, try and get one more card and manage the balance or you can always clear the outstanding and revive the credit limit.
Secured loans or secured credits gives the financial institutes an idea that there always is a backup just in case if there is an emergency and you may just not be able to pay off the loan. A Car loan, Gold loan are some such small amount example of loans and secured credit card which is obtained against the FD that is kept to get that credit card are some of few hacks and tricks you can follow to get a better score.
Investing in something and from the interest received, pay the EMIs:
Now, this is one very interesting concept. Say you have X amount of money with you. If you are buying a home or a car or want to go for higher education or maybe send your kids for the education if you are that age, keep that amount as an investment. Take a loan for the work and manage in such a way that from the interest received from that investments, you can pay the EMI of a loan. In such manner, you can have the money safe, invested and with a new loan account, all the factors of the credit score are also covered helping you increase the score!
Follow these simple interesting hacks related to credit score which you probably didn’t know!