Smart investment tips to buy a Property

Planning is the key to everything we do in life. If you have a goal in life, be it short term or a long term, a proper plan can help you achieve it. Speaking about plans, we happen to have a lot of dreams which we would like to achieve someday or the other. Dreams like buying a high end car, an expensive phone, shopping for branded clothes, etc. These are dreams which you can fulfill with a small amount of planning and management and there you go! Dreams fulfilled! Is this the case with every purchase in our life?

Here we are talking about buying a home. Buying a house is a very lengthy process and takes a lot of your attention. For many of us, it’s a luxury we cannot afford. In some cases, by the time we reach to a decision to buy a house, the property becomes expensive or else the funds get exhausted. There is something or the other stopping you to make your dream purchase. For buying a property you need a proper plan which includes your budget, place of property, is there a co-borrower you can count on? Home loan options, you need to do a thorough research on which lender would be the best as it’s a long term commitment when it comes to home loans. HDFC Home loan gives you the best interest rates and less processing fees with speedy approvals.

After all the necessary research done by you, you decide on a property and start making the necessary arrangements to purchase the house. The very first thing in the home buying process is to make a huge down payment. You are prepared for it, but at last moment there are some additional charges and without digging a huge hole in your pocket you won’t be able to make the purchase. This leads to dropping the plan and again you are at ground zero.

It’s a total nightmare to see your dream property slipping out of your hands. Now you think you must have started making some smart investment for such a day. Thinking to start making smart investments, we will show you how,

Start early

Buying a house is almost everyone’s dream. Find you calling at the earliest and start saving for a good down payment for the house. On the other hand, if you apply for a loan at the early ages let’s say in your 20s and 30s, the bank will give you maximum loan amount with long tenure up to 30 years. By doing this you may end up paying very less down payment.

Start fixed deposits and recurring deposits

This may look funny, but this helps a lot. We happen to spend a lot on unwanted things and end up having no savings for future. By opening deposit accounts, you can start saving a lot of money. This way, you can minimize your spends and start saving for the deposit account. This savings then helps you make a huge initial payment if needed.

Invest in SIP Mutual funds

This is one more thing you can do to save money to buy a house. SIPs promise you a good return between 10-18% returns depending on which type of fund you are selecting and the tenure associated to it.

Start working on your credit score

The most important thing when it comes to buying a house is that you will need financial aid from a bank or a home loan lender. Make sure to have a good cibil score before you apply for a loan to get the maximum out of a loan buying process.

Every step you take to buy a house gets you one step closer. Just make sure the steps you take will help you in the long run as this is a long term commitment and you need to prepare for the same.

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Find Out Why and How to Start Building a CIBIL Score?

What will you do if you find yourself in a cash crunch one day, and you don’t have any savings left? Chances are that you will apply for a small loan. But do you know that your application can be easily rejected if your CIBIL score is poor?

Your CIBIL score is the most important factor that banks and NBFCs consider when they evaluate your loan application. So, you need a high score if you want a loan, especially at a lower interest rate. This brings us to the main question- how can you improve CIBIL score?

The first thing that you need to understand is that no matter how poor your score is today, you can improve if you are willing to do the work. You may not get the desired results within days, or even weeks. However, if you are committed and take the right steps, then nothing can stop you from building an impressive credit. All you have to do is take the following steps:

1. Check Your Report

The first thing you need to do before you can start working on your CIBIL score is checking your credit report. Only then you can see what your current score is and how much work do you have to do to increase it to a decent level (a score that’s equal or above 750 is considered good).

You can also go through other important details in the report which include personal details, previous loan’s details, repayment history, income, etc. If you see any mistakes in these details, then you can have them corrected which will improve your score.

As per RBI’s norms, you can receive one free CIBIL report every year. Although you can get your report as many times as you want for a small fee. You can check CIBIL’s official website for more details.

2. Start Using a Credit Card

Using a credit card is one of the simplest and most effective ways of improving credit score. This is because when you use a card and pay the bills on time every month, then it builds trust and increases the score. Plus, you can save money too as many credit cards offer perks like cash back offers, discounts, reward points, etc.

3. Checking Credit Utilization

If you are already using a credit card, then check if you are spending more than necessary every month. Ideally, your credit utilization shouldn’t be more than 35%. For instance, if your credit card limit is Rs. 1 lakh, then you shouldn’t spend more than Rs. 35,000 per month as it affects the credit negatively which you can easily verify through a copy of your free CIBIL report.

If you need to spend a lot of money with credit cards every month, then it’s better to get multiple credit cards. This way you can lower your credit utilization without compromising with your spending habits.

4. Get a Joint Loan

Apart from credit cards, small personal loans and home loans also help in building a credit score. Although you should try to get a loan all by yourself, if you are having trouble with that, then you can get a joint loan instead.

When you apply for a loan with a co-applicant, especially if they have a good credit history, then it’s easier to get a loan. However, the benefit of repayment in terms of credit score is shared equally between the borrowers. So, when you take a loan with someone who has a good credit, then you can improve CIBIL score along with them using their merit.

So, there you have it- some of the most recommended tricks that you can use to build credit. However, there are a few other things that you should keep in mind. For instance, you should never become a loan guarantor for someone who you don’t fully trust even if they are a family member. This is because if they fail to repay their debt, then you can greatly hurt your own credit score. Also, never underestimate the consequences of late payments. Whether it’s credit card bills or loan EMIs, every single payment should be made on time if you want to improve your score faster. Good luck!

Application Checklist for you before Taking A Loan

Personal loan is a very convenient way of borrowing money from banks and NBFCs to meet any immediate financial need. The process is extremely fast and simple provided you have all the documents required in order. Since personal loans are unsecured, banks need to ascertain the credit risk associated with the borrower before sanctioning the loan. They approve of a certain loan amount depending upon the repayment capacity of the borrower. They require you to submit proof of income and some other important documents to ascertain your eligibility for the loan.

There are some important things that one must take care of before applying for a personal loan. Here is an application checklist that will guide you if you are availing for the personal loan for the first time.

Checking the credit score

Since banks use your credit score to determine your eligibility for the loan, it is a good practice to check your score yourself first to know your chances of approval. Order your free credit report from any of the three credit rating agencies to analyse your credit standing. Having an excellent score helps in instilling confidence in the lenders and bargain for an attractive rate of interest. However, if you don’t have a very good score you can opt for personal loan without CIBIL score that are available at exorbitant interest rates.

Finding the Eligibility criteria

Different lenders take into consideration different factors to ascertain a person’s eligibility for the loan. Find out the eligibility criteria of the specific lender with whom you wish to apply for the loan. Check the parameters like age, occupation, income and credit score before proceeding with the application. Get a list of documents required so that you have all the relevant paper work when you apply for the loan.

List of required Documents

Contact your lender and get a checklist of the documents that you need to submit along with your application. The requirements of the documents vary based on the profession, income and loan requirements. However there are some common documents that you must have in handy. For an ICICI Personal loan you may require

  1. Valid Proof of identity- A copy of passport, PAN Card, Voter Id Card or driving licence serve0s as a proof.

  2. Proof of address – Copy of passport, Aadhaar card, rental agreement, utility bill, ratio card.

  3. Proof of Age

  4. Financial documents

  • For salaried employees- Bank statement for last 6 months, Salary slips of last 3 months, Form 16 for last 2 years, Employment certificate or appointment letter

  • For self-employed Individuals- Bank statements of savings and current account, proof of office address, ownership proof, Income tax returns of last 2 years, detailed financial audit including Profit and Loss statement and Balance sheet. Since the source of income of self-employed individuals is riskier than that of salaried individuals, these documents help in providing an assurance to the bank that they have a steady inflow of funds.

  1. Passport size photograph

Since personal loan is unsecured in nature, the lender verifies the documents thoroughly to make sure that the borrower has the capacity to repay the loan.

Interest rate charged

The rate of interest determines your monthly EMI on the loan. Find out the best rate that you can get. Also look at the processing fees, late payment charges, prepayment fee etc. It is important to have a clear understanding of these charges before you apply for the loan.

Repayment plan

Use the EMI calculator to plan your repayment in advance and choose a tenure that suits your budget. Take into consideration any major changes in your income or expenses that you expect in near future. Being realistic helps in avoiding any future defaults on loan that may adversely affect your CIBIL score.

Taking care of this essential checklist will ensure that you get approved for a personal loan at good terms and rate of interest.

How fast can my credit score increase

We are in an ear where everything that we want is instant. Instant is good. But it creates a lot of anxiety, impulse, and impatience. Everything instant is not good. Despite getting the results too soon, it’s always not necessarily perfect. There are many instances where the perfection or accuracy is not maintained at the speed of achieving it. While speaking over credit score and it’s rate of increasing or decreasing often has many myths. Let’s get those busted. There is no magic that can happen and would get your score to optimum great over a day or month. Also, the speed of increase also depends on the score which is currently. If the score is 450 and if the score is 650, definitely the time required to get 750 which is considered optimum best, differs. The one which has 650 will take lesser time compared to the one which has 450.

A CIBIL Score is a three digit number which is determined by payment history, the amount owed, new credits, credit mix and length of credits. Where, 35% is comprised of payment history which means how one has been making payments over the tenure of credit accounts opened. Credit consists of the credit card usage and the loans taken. 30% is for the amount owed. The total amount that has been taken, I.e. the credit limit one has for the credit card and the loan amount taken also has a major role in making the credit score. Length of credit history is 15%. How long have been the credit accounts are open, is the factor that is also considered. Rest both, new credits, credit mix are given 10% each. New credits are the one which is applied. But, if there are multiple attempts for opening new credit accounts can drag the score down. As it makes the creditors think that one is in dire need of funds which is also called credit hungry behavior. Credit mix is the combination of a secured and unsecured type of credit along with the fixed and revolving type of credits. These are the parameters and the weightage of them.

Now, on individual history, these scores are made. Any mistakes in these parameters will mess up with the score. The details information is mentioned in the CIBIL report. How long have been the account open, how and when are the payments made, any defaults, missed or delayed payments are all mentioned in the report. Also, the inquiries made for applying the credit are also mentioned. The first score is established after 6 months of an active account. Then the score is updated almost every month. Credit utilization is also a factor which affects the score. This is specifically for credit cards. One should not use more than 35% – 40% of the total credit limit of the card one has. To increase the score, the first and the foremost thing which has to be done is rectifying the old mistakes. There may be any missed payments, default accounts, unpaid dues, etc. work on them. Talk to the banker, tell the issues you had. Try clearing all those first. Then, use your credit card upto 35% of its limit. If your usage is more, apply for a new card. And use the mix. As you apply for a new card, new credit factor is also considered. But yes, do not overdo! Try taking a secured loan, say a gold loan or secured credit card. This will be a good of credit mix as well.

Once this is achieved, make sure you do not miss any more payments or delay in payments. Organize the payments. Keep reminders. Do not miss the repayment dates. While you follow this practice for over few months, a good credit score is no far! Again, there can’t be any finite time that is calculated to get a 750 score, but it is always achievable if the above mentioned points are taken care of!

What error  you  can  avoid while  building a credit score

A good credit score can be the ultimate key you can hold to unlock the best financial opportunities in life. Not only a good credit score can help you with various loans and credit cards, it can also help you land on your dream job. It can act like a boost when your future landlord conducts background verification on you. A good credit score can help you in many ways you cannot imagine.

What many of us do not know is that, building a credit score is equally hard as maintain the score. Unfortunately for many people who were starting on this epic credit journey a decade ago had no idea on how to start and how to dodge the blind spots when it comes to credit scores. Fortunately, today you have all the information you need at your finger tips when it comes to starting your journey to build a good cibil score. You have different websites as well, which helps you with free cibil score check to make better credit decisions. With all the information you need, are you still confused? Are you not getting the right gateway to start your credit journey? Are you still on the grey when it comes to identifying the blind spots of credit report?

Today we will help you understand and avoid the most common errors and also tips to build your credit score,

Apply for a credit card

What better way to start your credit journey other than having a credit card in hand. A credit card is one type of unsecured loan which you can use. You will have to make the payment of the credit limit used within 50 days of time. A credit card if managed properly can help you with financial marvels like reward points, add-on cards; you can even apply for another credit card on the basis of your primary one. On the other hand, if you default any payment, you can take a serious hit on the cibil score which will stay on your report for at least seven years.

Apply for a consumer durable loan

If you are denied a credit card because of no credit score, you can apply for a consumer durable loan. A consumer durable loan is the best and easiest way to enter the credit world and it can also help you build your credit. There are a lot of vendors who are entering the consumer durable market as the market has potential. When purchasing a product, you have multiple choices when it comes to lending options.

Avoid getting into debt

Once you open a bank account and start transacting on the same, you are on the financial radar. You will receive a lot of calls from different company’s telesales department who will offer you various loan options. Avoid them and take a loan only if needed. Just because you have an attractive offer in hand, does not mean you will have to take a loan. Many people make such mistakes and end up being in debts. A healthy tip would be to avoid such calls and if needed a loan contact your primary bank branch for loan options. Some banks provide you pre-approved loan options towards your account considering your financial transactions.

Be patient

As we all know, Rome was not build in a day. Similarly you cannot expect your cibil score to go up in a very short span of time. You will have to be patient and gradually see your score go up. Like explained in the earlier point, you can opt for credit cards and other financial options to get your score up eventually.

If you are still not sure on how to start building your credit score, you can always seek professional help. There are companies dedicated for such tasks which can help you build a healthy score for future financial transactions. No process is hard if you know how the process works, be educated about credit facts and start your credit building journey with ease.

Mistakes to Avoid When Building Credit History

If you want to be responsible towards your financial security, then it’s important that you build a high credit score with the help of good credit history. However, in that endeavor, you want to be careful with your actions and avoid the common mistakes that people commit only to hurt their score. These are:

1. Closing Old Accounts

It’s true that with few bank accounts and credit card accounts you can manage your finances easily and get the desired results faster. However, if you have to close a few accounts, then picking the old ones can do more harm than good.

Here is the thing- the length of credit history plays a huge role in your credit score calculation. In other words, your oldest accounts make a bigger contribution towards your score in comparison to your recent accounts. So, if you have to close an account, it’s best to choose one that’s relatively new.

2. Late Payments

Late payments, whether we talk about personal loans or credit cards, are never good for your credit rating. In fact, the majority of top credit bureaus such as TransUnion CIBIL, Equifax, High Mark, etc. give the highest weightage to the payment history when calculating your credit score. So, if you miss only a few payments, then your credit history will stay good. However, if you fail to make the payments on time more often than not, especially in multiple accounts, then you can expect a huge damage to your creditworthiness.

3. Increasing Credit Utilization

You may have a reason to believe that increasing credit card usage i.e. credit utilization can help to build a high credit score faster. On the surface, that seems logical, after all. However, that’s not how the system works.

Higher credit utilization doesn’t have any impact on the credit rating growth. In fact, if it’s above 35%, then it can easily cause damage instead. This is because the credit rating agencies associated high credit utilization with “credit hungry” behavior. In other words, they are led to believe that the user isn’t financially reliable which is why they are utilizing a large portion of the credit available at their disposal.

4. Carrying Credit Card Balance

A lot of people don’t know exactly how the “minimum payment” feature of credit cards work. They just assume that everything is fine as long as they make these payments.

In theory, minimum payments are a good option. After all, you don’t have to pay any fine and so your credit score shouldn’t be hurt either, right? Wrong!

It’s true that by making minimum payments you can prevent the penalties and/or extra charges. However, you may still suffer in the long run. This is because when you make a minimum payment, your balance amount is carried over to the next month and becomes debt. So, if you continue making minimum payments again and again, your total debt will increase which not only gives rise to financial challenges but also impacts your credit score calculation.

5. Failing to Monitor Credit Report

When people want to increase their credit score, they often to their friends and relatives for guidance. If they are lucky, they get some valuable insight and tips such as expanding the credit variety, timely payments, the option of secured credit cards, etc. However, a lot of times they don’t get to learn about the significance of credit report monitoring.

If your credit report has discrepancies, then the credit rating agencies will continue to give you a poor score even if you are making all kinds of efforts. Plus, you can’t monitor your progress unless you monitor your report and actually measure the impact of your actions.

All the credit rating agencies in India are required to provide every user a free credit report once every year. Thus, there is no reason for you to not get yours.

Building a good credit history isn’t too complicated or difficult. However, having sound knowledge of the same is the key. In that regard, the mistakes explained above can be of great help to you. Good luck!

Learn How to Read Critical Information from your Credit Report

All credit bureaus in India are required to provide a free credit report once a year to anyone who asks for it. This means that you can access your credit report free of cost four times a year since there are four credit rating agencies in India. However for these reports to be useful you should be able to understand the relevance of the information contained in them, especially the critical part. So here we take a look at the critical information that a credit report contains what it means and why you need to focus on it.

What is Critical in Your Report?

So let’s say you got your free credit report, now you need to know what is contained in each section and how it impacts your credit score. As we all know credit scores are all about your debt history so all information about all your credit cards and loans.

The credit score definitely is the most important thing in your CIR. A good score is important for you to get loan applications sanctioned and is also an indicator of your credit health. A score above 700 is considered to be good.

The accounts section is the most crucial part of the report and the information contained here impacts the score to a great extent. Information about all open loans, closed loans and credit cards is included in this section. Thus you should first make sure that all the loans and cards that are mentioned in the CIR actually belong to you. Though unlikely some loan or credit card that may not belong to you may be mentioned in your CIR. It could be just an error or sometimes a case of identity theft in either case it is very important that you take immediate action on it.

The next thing you need to understand is the account classification of each loan. Each debt is classified as per their payment status. Thus if you have been paying regularly then your loan would be classified as STD. If a loan is classified as anything other than STD then it means that you have not been paying regularly and it is not good for the score. So make sure that no loan is classified as a non-std asset by mistake. It may happen that the borrower may assume that his EMI’s are being debited on times while it may not be happening due to some error or oversight.

You should also check your repayment history, this will let you know if you have paid all your dues on time in the past 36 months. DPD means day past due; thus DPD of zero for all credit cards and loans is a good sign for the credit score. Anything beyond zero DPD signifies that the payment has been delayed which will lower your credit rating.

Also ensure that all loans that have been repaid by you fully are reported as closed. Even if you have repaid all the dues from your end but the loan reflects as an open loan then you need to get in touch with the lender and get a NOC or complete any other pending formality as required.

When going through the CIR also check details like the total loan amount, unpaid amount, tenure, interest etc. This will ensure that you have all your facts straight and there are no errors on the part of the lender or you have not missed any important detail.

Other Aspects That Require Attention Too:

While what is mentioned above is critical in your report, there are other aspects too that require careful consideration. Some facts that you need to check are:

  • Personal Information section contains details about the DOB, PAN, and driving license and so on. Make sure that all information mentioned is accurate

  • Contact Information section has details about individual’s current address and also past addresses (if any), email address, telephone number, mobile number etc. Again the accuracy of this information is important.

  • Employment Information section has details about the current occupation, work place details, name of the company (for salaried) duration of employment etc.

  • Enquiry Information sections details about all enquiries made by lenders and this also has a bearing on your credit score. So do make sure that the details mentioned here are accurate.

So get your CIR and understand what it means, it will help you stay credit healthy.

Does Credit Score Retires?

Credit rating is a continuous process that begins with the first loan or credit card one takes in their name. Subsequent to that all information related to cards and loans keeps on getting updated in the credit report. The credit score is calculated based on the cumulative information on each loan and card. There are five basic parameters that determine the credit score of an individual. So does credit rating have validity? Does a score retire after a specified time period?

Understanding Credit Scores:

Before we understand whether a credit score retires or not it is important to understand the calculation process for it. Repayment history, credit utilization ratio, loan tenure, credit inquiries and credit mix are the five factors that influence the credit rating.

Repayment records about all loan dues and card dues is reported in the CIR, this is done month on month so as long as a loan is running or a card is active, information on them will keep getting updated. Regardless of the fact whether a loan runs for 15 years or 5 years the record will keep getting updated for that duration. So what happens when the loan is repaid? After that repayment record are not updated but the loan status whether closed or settled is reported in the CIR.

The same applies to the credit utilization ratio too, this information is also continuous as the card would be used on an ongoing basis and this information will also be updated monthly and the score would reflect that too. Hard enquiries (when a prospective lender asks for an applicant’s score) would be reported in the report as and when an enquiry is made. Information about credit mix and loan tenure is also dynamic in nature and would depend on the individual’s treatment and nature of their debt.

So Do Credit Scores Have Validity?

No, credit scores per se do not have any validity and they do not retire. Credit rating calculation is a dynamic process and gets updated as and when there is a change in parameters (that impact the score) whether positive or negative. However the information that is part of the score calculation has a specific validity and will cease to impact the score after a specified time frame. Repayment history for 36 months is included in the report and only repayment records for past 36 month are included in the score calculation. The more recent information has more impact on the rating. Thus if a default or delay is made more than 36 months back its negative impact will not be felt after this time frame.

Hard inquiries for two years are included in the report however when score is calculated only inquiries made in the last year are factored in. So all inquiries made in the past year will have an impact on the rating; older enquiries will have no impact whatsoever on the score calculation. So anyone who wants to improve CIBIL score should avoid making loan applications without a sufficient gap between two loan applications.

Information about “settled” or “written off” loans stays the longest on a report and this account status must be avoided at all costs. Any “settled” or “written off” loan raises red flags for all future lenders as they may feel that you cannot be trusted as a borrower. This information stays on the report for seven years, thus the validity of this information is seven years.

As we discussed before, information related to loan tenure and debt mix is dynamic. If a loan runs for its full tenure then it is considered good for the rating as a deeper credit trail is good for the credit health. Secured loan and unsecured loan mix is also a factor when the rating is calculated, a bigger proportion of unsecured loans is not good for the score. So as and when the loan proportion changes its impact will vary on the score.

Thus credit scores do not retire and have no validity but some information that is used to calculate them may have some validity and may become redundant after a specified time period.

Will My Job Hurt My Credit Score?

Money is an important aspect of life. You almost need money to complete every task in life. Where do you get the money from? That’s right, by doing a job. A good job can determine what you do, where you stay, what you wear and how your lifestyle can be. Your job can impact you in lot of ways both directly and indirectly.

Will it impact your credit score? Absolutely not! Your jobs, the designation, take home salary, bonuses, etc. does not get reflected in your credit report. This does not mean your salary does not have power on your loan buying process. For example, you are applying for a credit card; the lender will ask you for your annual salary to set a credit limit on your card. This way your job indirectly contributes when you apply for a financial product or a credit line.

So what exactly may hurt my credit score?

Payment history, debt levels, age of credit, types of accounts and inquiries on your credit report are the five main factors which contribute to your cibil score. Your employment status, your incomes and gains are never reported to the bureaus.

If unfortunately you lose your job for some reason, that can indirectly affect your credit score and you will end up on the loan defaulter list. Losing your job can be a saddest thing that can happen to you. You join a firm with a lot of confidence expecting your position will be intact, but when a bomb is dropped on you of unemployment, you are shattered everywhere.

Let us see how a job loss can indirectly harm your credit score,

Behind on loan EMIs and credit card payments

There is a famous proverb stating “Money brings Money”. When you happen to be in a job, there are a lot of bankers and card lenders who offer you different financial products like loans and credit cards. Though we know, they are just our want not need; even then we tend to go ahead with it. Because you have a stable job and a fat cheque, you start spending and get used to a lavish lifestyle. After losing your job, you realize that the EMIs are pending and the credit card bills are overdue and you have no money to make the payment. This will definitely result to a dip in your credit score.

Take new loans to pay your bills

Now that you know that you are in deep trouble financially after losing your job, you will opt for a new loan. A new loan will come with new terms and a new EMI, because it is an urgent requirement you may end up paying more processing charges than usual. You may also try to get in touch with your credit card vendor and ask for a limit raise. Limit raise totally depends on the sole discretion of the card lender, who will check your cibil score first and then think of giving you a limit raise.

 

Unexpected expenses

Trying to close one financial hole after another can be stressful but if in between this process something unexpected happens, like a family member needs medical attention then you are in for another problem in your life. This will result to you finding another loan to fill this gap.

A job hunt

Maintaining a good credit score is really important, even if you have lost your job. Many employers check your credit report to understand your financial capability and determine if you are job worthy. A bad credit score can cost you your next job. So no matter how bad your financial situation is, always pay all your debts on time.

You should always save money and keep some amount as reserve for unexpected events in life. Even if you lose your job, the reserve money can help you keep going for at least till the time you find another job. Spend less, always focus on what you need rather than what you want, this will definitely help you in long run to save money and live in financial harmony.

What Is A Credit Score?

You are planning to take a loan for the most favorite car you had thought once buying or a house you always had imagined or the business you wished to expand, would take you to a journey of going to banks, making inquiries, checking the best quote and the interest rate offered to you and then finally deciding which option would suit you the best in terms of tenor, rate of interest, processing fees and pre-payment charges. Now the point is, how do banks or non-banking financial institutions decide the rate of interest or other charges? What are the criteria?

Suppose you and your friend went to a bank. You both earn almost the same, your age is same, the family background is also similar. And you both apply for the same loan is the same bank. But you were offered 11.5% interest rate whereas your friend was offered 10.25% interest rate with little lesser processing fees and pre-payment charges. Now that would make you think if the external factor looks the same, why are the other things different? So you finally decide to know the details deeply of why your friend was given lower rates than you. And here would be the analysis of what you would get.

You had never done a CIBIL Score Check. Which is one of the major factor of the interest rates being processed? Lower the credit score more is the interest rate and vice-versa. The credit score ranges from 300-900. Where 300 is the lowest and 900 is the highest. Any sore beyond 750 is considered a good score. People below this score are considered red zoned, and the one above 750 are greed zoned. It’s not that, if you have a score below 750 you will not get a loan, but the % of interest will be higher. Now let us take into consideration that why is the score low or high? Basically, what are the factors that decide the score? There are 5 factors whose combination results in the score.

  1. Payment History (35%)

The major factor which determined your credit score is the payment history. How well-organized you are in making the payments of the credits you have taken, shows how responsible you are. Banks can make a note of your previous payments and decide if you will be an asset for them or not. If previously you have made blunders in payments or didn’t pay regularly, the score dips badly and makes it difficult for you to get a loan. If the score is not good, and it’s becoming difficult for you to get a loan; in that case, you can try for loans for bad credit. But ultimately the loss will be yours only.

  1. Amount owed (30%)

The total amount which is taken by you, in any means of the credit i.e. by credit card or a loan also has second major thing determined in the score. The amount of the revolving credit and the fixed credit is in the amount owed.

  1. Length of credit history (15%)

How long is your credit account active, and how old is your account also determines your score. Some people make the mistake of closing the older accounts thinking they are not of any use but that creates a dip in the score. So,  keep the accounts active.

  1. Types of Credits (10%)

There are 2 types of credit. Fixed or installment based credit and revolving credit with a mix of secured and unsecured credit. The type of credit you have will also contribute in the score. It’s healthy if you have a good mix of all types of credit.

  1. New Credit (10%)

The new credits you take is also a determining factor of your score. New credit means you are becoming more responsible towards your repaying responsibility. But do not overdo, else this would also hamper your score.

Always manage the credits you take responsibly. If you check your score and you feel there is some mistake, get a detailed report and check. Work with that diligently and patiently to get your score in green zone!