3 Ways Parents Could Accidentally Harm Their Child’s Credit

Credit health is as important as your mental or physical health. However many a times we realize the significance of credit health only when it is hurt. A low credit score hurts your credit worth and makes you ineligible to advance the loans.

Let’s find out some of the common mistakes which hurt the score in the beginning of credit building cycle of an individual. Herein we would focus on 3 ways parents accidentally harm their children’s credit report.

  1. Multiple Student Loans
    The escalating costs of school and college fee is one of the major reasons why student loans are as much a fad as a necessity for young aspirants. The parents who fail to incur adequate research on the matter and avail a high cost loan for the purpose, certainly build a huge financial burden right in the beginning of their child’s credit life cycle.

    Many people mindlessly raise multiple loans for students owing to availability of credit facility at lower rate. With enormous amount of debt it would be a huge responsibility for a student to repay a loan after completing their education. As a parent, it is your duty to calculate total fee amount and try to look for the least expensive way to finance your child’s education.

    You also need to build the healthy habit of saving funds in your child. As a parent, it boils down on you to inculcate good financial habits in your child. Raising too much of loan for their education would not be a smart decision if it results in low CIBIL score.

  2. Share your credit cards
    Excessive spending is another key reason for impending balance on credit cards. Before handing over a credit card to a young mind, it is important to help them understand the importance of not having huge balance at the end of every month.

    Being a parent you can also add the kid as your credit card account holder. It will sometimes help them to improve their CIBIL score. But maintaining good credit behaviour would be a must. As an adult you need to ensure that regular payments are processed on time and there is no balance after the due date. Remember your child is most likely to follow your footsteps. If you are not serious about repaying your bills on time, the child is also not likely to pay attention to deadlines. You would seriously challenge your child’s future with bad credit habits.

  3. Credit education
    If you fail to teach right knowledge about finances and credit to your child it is your failure as a parent. You need to make the young mind understand the important aspects related to money management and ways to improve CIBIL score. The first credit lesson starts from home. You need to make the child understand how credit affects their life. You need to make them understand the importance of credit for their education, job to buying a home or car.

You need to teach them how important it is to monitor their credit score multiple times in a year. It is important to let them know how information in their credit report will impact their credit score.

Educate them about the available resources to obtain a free annual report. You can choose to review it along with them so that they learn the intricacies of maintaining a good score. You need to help your child develop a mindset that it is easier to maintain credit health rather than fixing bad history later on.

Last but not the least, do not forget to talk about identity theft threats. For online it is one of the fastest-growing crimes. They should know that sensitive information related to account should not be shared with anyone outside.

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Is a ‘Perfect’ Credit Score Even Possible? Or It’s a Myth?

The credit score is globally accepted as a signpost to a person’s credit worth. Banks and financial institutions consider this three digit number as a hallmark of your repayment capability. They gauge the risk factor associated with each loan application considering the credit score of the applicant.

In India CIBIL score is primarily considered as the benchmark of a person’s credit score. Credit Information Bureau of India and TransUnion CIBIL Limited are some of the other names of CIBIL which is the premium credit agency of India. It is country’s first credit bureau which modeled a systematic credit scoring system for banks and financial systems.

The CIBIL score is calculated between 300 to 900 points, wherein 900 is the perfect score while 300 is the lowest score. The more closer an individual or a business is to 900 CIBIL score, the better is their credit worth in the eyes of a lender. According to CIBIL 80 % of people with 750 or above points are granted loans by banks.

It is worthwhile to consider here if a good score a guarantee to loan approval? And for that matter, is it practical to get a perfect credit score such as 900 CIBIL points? Is it even possible to attain the perfection or it is just a myth?

It is not possible to state an absolute calculation on what causes low CIBIL score and why. So, let’s find out what compounds a CIBIL score to reach to point of understanding for this query.

Credit score calculations factor in too many aspects which are not absolute in nature and may vary from person to person. Every individual and business vary in terms of their credit worth and so does the impact of their financial moves.

However we can inscribe 5 common factors that affect credit score calculation globally:

  1. Repayments
    To maintain a good credit score, timely repayment of loans and credit bills is a must criterion. Indeed it is one of the key factors that define the stature of your score. According to CIBIL reports discipline in credit repayment can boost your score by 30 to 35 percent. Thus diligent repayment could be your first step towards the perfect CIBIL score.
  2. Credit utilization ratio
    As important it is to repay on time as is to keep a check on your credit accounts. You should always ensure that you do not overuse the credit limit offered to you. Those who exhaust their limit every month are less likely to have a good score. Lenders assume that you are short of cash and your financial situation might be not be as sound for a perfect score. So, using more than your credit limit has a negative impact on your credit report. Indeed it is recommended to limit your credit use far below 30% of total approved limit.
  3. Query
    Always ensure that you do not make multiple queries in a small period of time. Every time you make a query for loan or a credit card, it is marked on your credit report. Frequent queries
    on your report signify credit hungry nature and thus make you financially less strong.

 

  1. Credit mix
    Every time you borrow or use a credit product, the lender undertakes a risk. They charge interest rate to cover up this risk. When you borrow against a property or some other collateral the risk is substantially reduced and thus you are offered a better rate of interest. With this said, I hope it is clear why you should maintain a right credit mix of secured and unsecured loans. Too many unsecured loans restrict your score.
  2. Length of credit

The length of credit history also affects the score. The older is the good history the better effect it will have on your credit report. Thus those who have older history are rated better than new borrowers. This is also why when you close an old credit card with good history, it affects your score negatively.

 

Knowing these factors you can ensure a good score during all the seasons of your life. If however you target the perfection, you need to frequently check your credit report and monitor every activity that hurts your score.

3 Strategies to Help You Save Money Now and in the Future

When you are young and just started out in the world, it’s easy to think that money is nothing and spend what you earn. Have you ever given a thought that saving money will not only help you build a secure future but also will add supplement when you make huge plans for life. In this decade we are living in, we are surrounded by a lot of unwanted things and the temptation to have them all. What we do not understand is we are spending a fortune on luxury without giving a thought on the future. These practices lead to bankruptcy and result to taking a loan and if you do not pay your EMIs on time your credit score will go for a toss. Do you know your cibil score calculation? And if you don’t, then steps to enhance your credit score?

How does the temptation to buy or spend on luxury things rises? In every group there will be friend who buys the latest IPhone every year and flaunts it whenever you meet. It gives you a thought, should I buy the same phone to live up to my friend’s standards and end up buying a similar phone. What you do not realize is that, just for sake of status you spent a fortune on a phone which will prove worthless after a year when a new model releases and then you will be going after that phone as well.

Just to avoid such perceptive buying and spending, today we will be sharing you three best strategies to lower your expenses and save for a better future,

Set your priorities straight;

Everyone has their own priorities; the priorities can be of two types and can be categorized into needs and wants. Try understanding your needs over wants, for example buying a car for your commute is a need but buying a Mercedes or a BMW for your commute is a want. You can always cut down on a lot of your wants and start contributing for what your needs are. Make a priority list of things you need with the age when you expect to achieve it. We can set some priority points which are common in everyone’s life and you can start from this,

For emergencies you do not know what can happen at any time, always be prepared for the worse. It can be a broken mobile screen; you lost your job in some company and need at least three months of financial backup, any medical emergencies.

For Education a good education plays a vital role in everyone’s life and where does good education come from? It comes from great educational institution. Instead of opting for an education loan try saving money for the same.

For home buying this is a big step in your life, buying a dream house is no joke, there is a lot of planning and savings involved in the same. If you start saving money from today who knows you may land up in your dream house without hassles of taking home loan.

For retirement after a long innings in your money making life, you will be expecting a comfortable life after retirement so you can save for your retirement and spend the rest of your life in financial peace.

Always plan to save

 We all know nothing is impossible without proper planning; the same goes with financial planning where you are supposed to make plans on savings and track them on a regular basis whether  you are adhering the same.

Build a budget for saving every month is not the same, you may encounter emergencies and you may have to spend your savings but building a budget will not harm you. Build a budget you would like to save from your earnings and stick to it. One tip: try saving in a bank account with no debit card and internet banking so that you do not tempt to use that money for luxury.

Track your expenses after you make a budget track your expenses, where you are spending, how much you are spending. If needed cut some luxury of availing public transport for short distances, go by walk.

Make secured investment these days you can make secured investment like fixed deposits, recurring deposits and so which will guarantee you good returns in short tenure.

Stick to your plan

 It’s just like a new year’s resolution where you promise yourself to get fit this year and workout a good two weeks and after that stop going to the gym and your resolution goes for a toss. If you have made a financial plan stick to it no matter what.

Something is better than nothing is the quote we should stick to, and start saving from today. You do not know what life has for us; it can be sweet pleasures or bitter pain. For such bitter pain be prepared and start saving from today.

Bank Pulling Your Credit Report? Wait, Don’t Freak Out

Unless you seek to borrow funds from your friends or relatives or from a lender who is not a part of the mainstream organized financial structure you cannot circumvent an inquiry into your credit score. Thus whenever an applicant applies for a loan or a new credit card the prospective lender will seek the applicants credit report to assess their credit health and then based on that they will decide whether to accept the application or not. Credit check is not only a part of the screening process used by lenders when assessing potential candidates but it is the first step in that process. So the borrower or an applicant can do nothing about a financial institution seeking their CIR when applying for credit. However is this a cause of worry?

Impact of a Bank Pulling Your Credit Report:

Banks or any other lender seeking the applicant’s report is part of the screening process and is beneficial to both the lender and borrower. Lenders can eliminate applicants who pose a threat of default as may be revealed by their credit score and for the borrower it means a more objective process of screening which is not based on subjective factors. So what happens when a bank pulls the CIR of an individual?

A credit report consists of various sections and each section has information related to that aspect respectively. There is a personal information section which will have details about name, contact details and so on for the person; the accounts details section will have details about home loans, personal loans, auto loans, all credit cards that a person may have and so on while the inquiries section will have details about the inquiries that have been made about the credit score of the individual. Thus which financial institution sought the report of the applicant and when will be recorded in this section.  There are five aspects that are taken into account when the credit score is calculated. Inquiries information is one of the five factors and each inquiry can cause the credit score to fall.

So is there a Cause of Worry?

Despite hard inquiries causing a dip in the credit score there is no reason to worry about it when a bank seeks the CIR. This is due to a couple of reasons; the first reason being that each hard enquiry will cause a dip of only five points or so in the score. The actual impact will depend on some other aspects also; if there are few accounts and the credit history is not very deep then the impact of each hard inquiry will be slightly higher. When there are a larger number of accounts and the credit history is deeper then each inquiry will have a comparatively lesser impact on credit score.

Though hard inquiries are taken into account when calculating the score but their weightage is only 10% thus their actual impact is very less when compared to other aspects like repayment history and credit utilization ratio. Thus if one has been responsible in paying their dues on time in the past and has also been a responsible credit card user their overall score is expected to be good. If there are missed payments, high credit utilization ratio and too many unsecured loans in the credit report then there is not much that can be done. In such a scenario a bank pulling your report will just worsen the score slightly.

So unless one makes reckless applications for loans there should not be a cause of worry.  When calculating the score only inquiries that were made in the past two years are considered which should reduce the stress level for any applicant.

When applying for a loan the applicant should ensure that they check the eligibility criteria of the lender so that they are sure of their application being accepted. Also stay away from applying for a loan or fresh credit unless absolutely necessary, this will save you from unnecessary hard inquiries and any impact on the credit rating.

Four Steps to a Healthier Credit Report

Credit scores are important as they are not only an indication of financial well being and discipline but it also a crucial factor in getting a loan application accepted or rejected. Thus it makes sense for you to be aware of what contributes to making a good or bad credit rating so that you can aim to have a healthy credit report. Here we look at a few aspects that contribute to a healthier credit score.

How to Get a Healthier Credit Score:

Five factors impact CIBIL score calculation and taking care of these factors will ensure that you have a good rating that will allow you to have access to credit if you so require.

  1. Ensure Timely Payments: This is the most crucial factor in the credit score calculation. Thus paying on time is the best way to a healthier score. So whether it’s the EMIs or credit card bills remember to always them before the due date or by the due date. This simple rule will go a long way in maintaining a good score. If you have not done this in the past it is never too late to remedy your ways. While paying on time going forward will not immediately improve the score but it will have a positive impact over a long period of time and the negative impact of late payments each month will reduce. Plus it’s a great way to get you off the loan defaulter list and better your chances of getting a loan approved.
  2. Use the Credit Cards Wisely: Credit cards come with a sanctioned credit limit; this is the maximum amount that the user can spend without paying the dues. Thus if your card has a sanctioned limit of Rs. 100,000 then this means you have access to credit up to Rs. 100,000 per billing cycle. However this does not meant that you actually need to spend an amount equal to the sanctioned limit. Actually it is good idea to keep the spending below or equal to 30%-35% of the sanctioned limit on a regular basis. A low credit utilization ration (usage/sanctioned limit) has a positive impact on the credit score and after the credit repayment history it is the most important factor when calculating the score.
  3. Eliminate Old Dues: If one is looking at getting a healthier credit report card then it is mostly a long term process. Improving the rating takes time but eliminating old dues is something that can have an immediate impact if done correctly. If you have pending dues that are reflected in your CIR then take care of them in the right way to see an improvement in the score. When you repay old dues remember to pay the entire amount and in case you do negotiate with the lender then do ensure that the lender does not report it is “settled”. A settled debt is never a good sign and would not improve the score and may have an opposite impact. Having said that paying an old debt does not mean that the delays and missed payment are removed from payment history but the debt will not show as an overdue amount in future reports which is bound to have a positive impact.
  4. Avoid Credit Enquiries: Needless to say one must apply for a loan only when one requires it! Each time one applies for a loan the prospective lender seeks the credit report of the applicant. This is known as a hard enquiry; enquiries are one of the five factors that influence the CIBIL score calculation. Even when one needs a loan and applies for it then make sure you make a thorough check about the lender’s eligibility criterion and the required documentation. This will ensure that there are no unnecessary credit enquiries and you apply to lenders only where you have a fair chance of getting the loan application accepted.

Staying credit healthy should not be something that one does once in a while and them forgets about it. Inculcating healthy credit habits and being financially disciplined ensures that one remains credit healthy throughout! Just like are financial and physical health we need to take care of our credit health too.

Things You Must Know About Top-Up Loans

Mr. Arora took a home loan with a 15-year tenure at an attractive interest rate. However, after 7 years he realized he felt the need of renovating his house. So, just like most people he thought a personal loan would be a good idea to cover the expenses and started looking for a good deal. Unfortunately, he couldn’t find a personal loan with an affordable interest rate even though he didn’t have a problem of a bad CIBIL score or bad credit history.

With the burden of this loan already on his shoulders, Mr. Arora desperately needed to arrange the funds for his home renovation in a way that it didn’t burn a hole in his pocket. This is when his friend told him about it.

What’s a Top Up Loan?

A top-up loan is a small loan you get on top of your primary loan- mainly a housing loan. The interest rate on a these loan is usually smaller than a full-fledged personal loan. Moreover, you can also enjoy tax benefits with a top-up loan.

The following are some of the things you must know about top-up loans:

  1. Qualification

These loans have their benefits, but just because you are repaying a house loan, it doesn’t mean that you automatically qualify for them. Your lender will inquire about your reason for a it and will make a decision at their discretion.

The following are some of the good reasons:

  • Medical expenses
  • Home renovation
  • Land purchasing
  • Education expenses
  • Business Expansion
  1. Collateral

Since a top-up loan is provided on the basis of a primary loan i.e. a house loan you don’t need to provide security for the same. The bank uses the house as collateral. However, this means that even after you have repaid your loan you have to wait until you have repaid the top up loan as well to get back the rights to your house from your bank.

  1. Interest Rate

The interest rate on a top-up loan is 1% to 2% higher than the housing loan. However, it’s still lower than most personal loans available. You may also get to pay a smaller processing fee.

  1. Tax Benefits

If you are using it for acquire/renew/construct/ or repair a property then you are eligible for tax deductions on the amount paid for the principal amount and the amount paid for the interest on the loan as per Section 80C and Section 24 respectively.

Top-up Loans Conditions

Although the eligibility criteria for a varies from one bank to another, the following are some general conditions:

  • You should be availing a home loan from the bank/ financial institution.
  • Most banks require you to repay the home loan for 6 months to 12 months, or even more before you can apply. They do this to assess your repayment habits. Thus, you should not have a low CIBIL score or bad credit report. If that’s the case, you must take measures to CIBIL score before sending an application.
  • The usual permissible loan amount is calculated on the following basis:

permissible amount= 70% to 80% of the market value of the property- loan balance

So, if your house is worth Rs. 50 lakhs in the market and the pending debt is Rs. 25 lakhs, then you can only get a maximum of Rs. 10- 12 lakhs through it.

  • Many banks limit the tenure according to the outstanding term of your current loan. So, if your loan term ends in 9 years, then the maximum length of top up loan tenure would be 9 years.

If your credit history is good and you don’t need to improve CIBIL score then availing a top-up loan is an excellent option over others such as personal loans, etc. This is because the process of a top up loan is simple and easy. Moreover, you don’t have to offer another property as collateral with them.

Denied credit based on credit report? Here’s why

why.

Did you ever try to opt for a loan or a credit card and have been denied? Your credit history is recorded and filed as cibil report with credit bureaus. When you apply for a loan or a credit card the bank is likely to request for a credit record by the credit bureaus to understand if you have any default payments or unpaid debts. It also indicates whether you have filed for bankruptcy or arrested by to loan defaults. The reasons for denial of credit can be varied and different in every situation.

Here are some reasons why your credit can be denied:

High Debts

Any lender or creditor would like to see how you spend your earnings, if you have high debts or used maximum limit of your credit card could be a reason why your application can get rejected. Always try not to overspend from your credit card, many banks and organizations prefer people with people at least having 50% of limit available in their credit cards.

No credit history

A no credit history means you don’t have anything on your cibil report. This means you have never applied for any credit in your lifetime, which is a good thing. Many individuals prefer buying things in cash or without any line of credit which leads to a no credit history. In such cases many banks face hard time to sanction loans or credit cards without knowing the individual’s pattern of repayments. You can show your rent receipts if you are a tenant just to prove your reliability in making payments.

No credit activity 

When you have active accounts with banks it’s important to make small transactions with those accounts. If you have not made any transactions with such accounts it’s hard for a score to get generated. It’s suggested to make small payments or transactions to keep the scores activated and going.

Frequent credit report inquiries

If you have too many inquiries on your credit report and not many loans reflected on your report, the lender will come to a conclusion that you are trying for loans with multiple banks and organizations and there is something wrong with your current financial status.

 

Fraud cases

If you have done a fraud in terms of repayment, bad debts or you have been approached by an agency for money collection. This will severely damage your cibil report and will lead to a low cibil score. Always pay your debts on time and adhere to the EMIs so that you don’t face such circumstances. The collection agency approaches a customer if the credit balance has not been paid and its more than 6 months for the same.

If your application for a loan or a credit card is rejected, you may ask for the reasons why your application was rejected. If the information provided to you is inaccurate or false, you can file a dispute and the credit bureau has to correct the errors found.

It feels when you face such situations where you are denied for credit on the basis of a bad credit report but do not lose hopes, there is always a plan B. you will be able to find a lot of private lenders who will not consider you cibil rating. Start building your credit ratings from scratch and try maintaining a good score so that when time comes you can get easy access to loans. As we were told “small steps will lead to a bigger and better you”.

Elements that Decide Approval of Personal Loan for Self-employed

When a self-employed individual applies for a Personal Loan to a bank or NBFC; the lender considers a few factors before approving the finance. The consideration for loan approval depends on the financial eligibility factors including age of the borrower, the reason for the advance and alike. Well, there is no denying the fact that credit score of the individual is one of the most important factors considered by the banks.

Critical Factors that Define Approval of Personal Loan for a Self-employed:

  • Income Tax Returns:

First of all the bank would consider if you have filed your income tax returns on time or not. Lenders are exceedingly particular when it comes to Income Tax Returns (ITR) for a minimum of last three years of individuals approaching for a PL.

  • Existence of the Business:

The time span of a business assures the lender about the reliability and sustainability. Your business duration actually ensures if you can pay back the loan in time. The stability of the business and your source of income is truly essential.

  • Income and Profits:

If you are able to repay without defaulting is the primary concern of the lender. Your disposable earnings as a self-employed professional would help the lender to assess your capacity to repay the loan.

  • Nature of the Business:

Some businesses could be unstable or rather seasonal. This definitely won’t give adequate assurance to the bank about your repayment ability every month. The kind of business, therefore, does play a vital role when you apply for a personal loan as a self-employed individual.

  • End use of the fund

You need to declare the purpose of availing the loan. The bank judges if it is your actual need or just self-indulgence.

When you approach a bank as a self-employed individual for personal loan they need to ensure if you are worthy of receiving credit or not. This worthiness depends on how good you are with your finances. If you have serviced loans successfully earlier; it confirms that you would be repaying the loan on time without missing payments. The process that banks and other financial institutions follow to know your credit worthiness is through your CIBIL (Credit Information Bureau Limited) score.

  • Your age:

On age the factor, consideration may differ from lender to lender. A self-employed person should be within 25 to 65 years of age.

  • Right Documents:

Never submit fake documents to the bank when you apply for a personal loan.

Now, while all these factors play a noteworthy role, whether a PL would be approved for a self employed, Cibil score (Credit History) turns out to be the crucial one.

So before applying for the loan it is important that you ensure that you have a good score.

What factors lower CIBIL Score?

  • Too many Personal loans
  • Missing loan installments
  • Coming too close to the limit on credit cards
  • Not paying credit cards back on time
  • Not paying credit cards in full
  • Too many rejected applications for loans/credit cards
  • Settling credit cards

However if you have a low CIBIL score, you need to know how to get Personal loan for Low CIBIL score.

While the CIBIL data says 80 per cent of the loans that get sanctioned have a score higher than 750; nevertheless, the CIBIL score is not the only factor which lenders take into consideration while deciding and approving a Personal loan to a self-employed individual. A mainstream bank may ignore a credit card default in the past if you have a regular good income flow.  Your future financial prospects, demographics, education, socio-economic conditions may help you in getting a PL despite your low CIBIL score.

NBFCs (Non-banking financial Institutions) are relatively flexible with credit scores and the cut-offs as compared to banks. If you have a low credit score, you are advised to approach a NBFC instead of a mainstream bank.

You may choose to approach a Peer-to-peer (P2P) lending website. You may get a personal loan regardless of your low credit score.

If the cause for your low score is a failure to pay, it is suggested to clarify the lender why you had failed to pay. In case it was not an intentional default; lenders at times might excuse. If you have a convincing explanation with evidence say, you had a sudden loss in business or there was a medical emergency for which you couldn’t afford to pay back; put across clearly. If found authentic; the lender might consider.

All in all if you make plan thoughtfully you could easily grab the best deal!

The Bad Credit Score Survival Advice

A red flag in the credit information report is like a fire in the jungle. You do not know how much damage it would make until it eases off. Surviving bad score is thus not easy. A lot of people might share the tricks of restoring credit score however the truth is, it is easier said than done.

Once ruined it would at least take six months to rebound the low CIBIL score. Many a times the damage stays on your report for years to come. All you can do is pacify the bad history with good history.

Let’s find out how you can cope with bad score and roll over the financial dice in your favor once again.

Seek professional advice on bad credit score survival.
After you come to know about your low score, the first step should be to seek a professional help. When you contact a Credit Improvement Agency, it would assess your credit report and guide accordingly the ways to improve the score.

If however you choose to do it yourself, go for free CIBIL check online and study your report. It will help you understand the gravity of the problem. After studying the report, if you find any errors eliminate them without a delay.

Make a budget and organize your finances
With bad score, your credit worthiness is hurt very badly. You need to take charge of financial conditional and analyze your expenses and incomes. Calculate your net income and know how much you actually have in hands to pay out the debts and installments. You should try to close the expensive cards and accounts first and try to save as much as possible.

Not to mention, you should try to add as much income avenues as possible and try to have some surplus every month. Your sole aim should be to become take your debt utilization ratio to 30% of the limit being granted to you.

Contact your creditors and make a repayment plan
When you have too many debts to manage, you should consider contacting your creditors in a hope to find an option to survive the bad account. Speaking with your lenders may help you find a middle path with lowered interest rate or a new repayment plan.

Raise additional loans to pay off loans / credit cards
After you limit the pressure of debts by closing expensive cards and refinancing of the loans, consider applying for new secured loan to survive the bad credit. You can use the amount to manage your finances and repay diligently all the installments. This would build a good history and gradually improve the score.

Use a co-signor or guarantor to avail low interest loan
When you have bad credit score with red flags in the credit report, it is unlikely that banks would offer you loans at low rate. With bad score you become a risky prospect for the bank and they want to lend only with a certain degree of security. Besides rejection of a loan application further ruins the score. Keeping both the facts in view, you should apply for loans with a co-signor or guarantor.

You can ask your friend, spouse or blood relative with high credit score to become a co applicant or guarantor for you. This would raise the chances of loan approval and that too at normal interest rate.

Use a high worth asset as collateral
With bad CIBIL score each unplanned financial activity would hurt your score further. Besides loan repayment and credit utilization ratio, the mix of loans and length of loans also affect your score. If you have home equity or other high value assets such as Gold, you can use these assets as collateral and raise a secured loan.

Consolidate your debt
When you have too many debts to pay and manage every month, you can consider consolidating them into a big umbrella loan that helps you close all accounts into one. You can consolidate loans as a long term personal loan using your home as collateral. The goal of consolidating loans is to make your monthly repayment affordable and save some surplus every month.

Rent a home/property
Last but not the least you can consider renting your home or part of your home to raise some extra funds and save some amount every month.

Using all these steps you can gradually improve your credit health.

What goes into calculation of CIBIL score?

The most valuable asset that keeps your financial life sorted is your CIBIL score. This tool predicts your future financial behaviour. Whenever you apply for any loan, say a personal loan, the lenders check your score to determine the level of risk they are exposing themselves to by granting you loan. While a high score is a sign of good credit management a low score indicates that you are a risky borrower. Hence a low score may lock you out from the ability to borrow funds.

The credit bureaus use a mathematical algorithm to churn the information in your credit report and arrive at a three digit credit score. Let us solve the mystery of how this magical number is calculated. Only when you know the factors that go into the credit score calculation, will you be able to work on them so as to achieve and maintain a high credit score.

Here is a breakdown of five factors that constitute your credit score.

Payment history- This factor has the largest influence on the credit score (35%) as it portrays your future behaviour in terms of loan repayment. It reviews how well you have met your past obligations of credit cards and other loan accounts. It analyses whether you made your payments on time, how often you missed the payments, whether your recent bills are past the due date etc. It also looks at the public record items like delinquency, collections, liens, judgements or bankruptcy. If you have a clean track record of regular on time payments then you will score high on this factor. However if you have had problems in repayments, your score will be weak. The best way to gain credibility in the eyes of the lenders is to always pay back the bills and installments on time.

Amount owed- The credit scoring models give 30% weightage to the amount of available credit that you are using on the revolving accounts. The ratio of the amount that you owe to the total credit limit that is extended to you on all cards determines your credit utilization rate. This rate shows your overall dependence on credit. If you do not carry your balances to the next month you will have a high score. On the other hand high balances and maxed out credit cards will lower the credit score. As a general rule it is best to keep the utilization rate below 30% if you are trying to improve your score.

Length of the credit history – This factor accounts for 15% of the credit score and considers the age of your credit accounts. Creditors like to see whether you are able to successfully manage credit over a period of time. If you have open accounts since a long time and manage them responsibly, it gives the creditors sufficient proof of your dependable behaviour and therefore increases your credit score. If you have just recently opened an account and do not have sufficient credit history to show your track record then you may have a lower score. Because the length of the credit history affects your score, it is advised that you should not close your old credit cards as it shortens the average age of your accounts and hurts your score.

Credit mix-The type of accounts that show up on the CIBIL report, make up 10% of your credit score. If you have both revolving credit as well as instalment loans on your credit profile, you have a variety to show that you can manage different types of debt. Hence a good credit mix contributes to your creditworthiness and raises your credit score. On the contrary, having only one type of account like a credit card, can lower your score.

Recent credit activity- This factor considers your pursuit of new credit, including recently opened accounts and hard enquiries. It makes up 10% of your score. A number of newly opened trade lines or hard pulls on the credit report communicates to the lender that you are either desperate for credit or unable to qualify for credit. It signals financial trouble and lowers your score.

Knowing about the factors that constitute your score is the first step in your journey towards building your credit score. It will now become much easier to work upon your credit related actions to improve your score.