Does winning a Lottery affect My Credit Score

Winning a lottery is like a dream come true. If you are one of those lucky few who have won lakhs or crores of rupees in a lottery, you may be wondering its impact on your life. Well, just having the money will not put an end to all your financial woes. How you put it to use is what determines its effect on your financial life. Does winning a lottery affect your CIBIL rating in any way? Let’s find out.

Correlation between credit score and wealth

The income level of an individual or his bank balance has no effect on his credit score. People with a high net worth may not necessarily have a high credit score. The credit score calculation primarily factors in one’s payment history and credit card usage behaviour. So even if a person has a huge bank balance, he will not have a good CIBIL rating unless he makes timely payment of his loan EMIs and credit card bills.

The wealth of an individual may be taken into account when a person seeks approval of a loan application. Banks do check an individual’s bank balance and income level apart from the credit score to determine whether the person has the capacity to repay the loan. Hence winning a lottery may increase your ability to seek loan approvals.

Here is how you can use the money to improve CIBIL score

Though winning a lottery does not have a direct impact on your CIBIL rating, it does give you an opportunity to raise your score by other means. Here is what you can do with the money to improve CIBIL score.

  1. Pay back outstanding dues

If you were unable to clear your outstanding dues in the past because of lack of funds, you would surely have a bad credit history. Late payments, collections, charge offs and other such negative remarks brings down one’s CIBIL rating. Now is the time to put your money to good use. Contact the bank and discuss that you have sufficient money to repay them. Request them to remove your name from the bank’s loan defaulter’s list. Negotiate with them if they can remove negative remarks from the credit report if you clear all past debts.

  1. Reduce credit utilization ratio

Credit utilization ratio plays an important role in CIBIL score calculation. A high utilization shows an over dependence on credit and reduces your credit score. By using the funds to pay off your credit card outstanding balances you can reduce this utilization ratio and work towards improving your credit score. Make sure you do not use more than 30% of your available credit limit. Keeping low utilization levels helps boost CIBIL rating.

  1. Exhibit good credit behaviour

Since you have sufficient money in your bank account, make sure you pay all your bills and EMIs on time. By exhibiting responsible behaviour and making on time payments one can build positive credit history.

What is the Meaning behind Your Credit Score Range?

There is sense of comfort and satisfaction when you know that your credit score falls within the top range. However, what’s the top range exactly? How does it affect your creditworthiness?

A lot of people are unaware of the different types of credit score ranges and how they affect your credit profile.

Taking the CIBIL score range as an example for this post, we will take a look at the different ranges that fall within its entire spectrum.

CIBIL Score Groups

CIBIL scores on a scale of 300 and 900. So, a score of 300 will be the lowest, and 900 the highest. This range is divided into small groups:

750-900

If your score is above 750 then you won’t have any trouble in securing a personal loan, home loan, etc. with a bank of your choice. You can also easily get attractive interest rates with a score in this group.

Most of the people whose scores fall this in this category have three common habits:

  • They always pay their credit card bills and EMIs on time.
  • They have multiple credit cards but their credit utilization is low. So, if their credit card limit is Rs. 5 lakhs, they will use less than Rs. 1 lakh of the same.
  • They don’t close their oldest bank accounts and try not to open new ones

600-749

If your score falls under this range, then you can consider your score “good” but not excellent. What it means is that you are a responsible credit user and know how to manage your money. You try to pay your bills on time but may occasionally be late for a payment or two.

500-600

Any score between 500-600 is a fair score. So, although it’s not a low CIBIL score, it’s not good either. From the perspective of your creditworthiness, you shouldn’t be happy with a score in this group.

Although you can apply for a loan with a “fair” score, it’s not recommended. This is because there is still a good chance of facing rejection. If you apply for a loan multiple times in a short period, then it can actually damage your score further. So, what you should ideally do is work on the score first. Once you have moved from a “fair” score to at least “good”, you can apply for the loan. Not only now you will be able to easily secure it, you can also try to get lower interest rates and more comfortable terms and conditions.

Below 500

A CIBIL score below 500 is considered a low CIBIL score, or rather a “poor” CIBIL score. As you can expect, this means that you will only have problems such as:

  • Obtaining any kind of loan itself can become extremely challenging. Even if you are able to convince a lender to overlook the score, you will have to pay a high interest rate that will make the proposition not worth it.
  • As many finance companies have started screening the job applications on the basis of the credit score as one factor among many, you can have a tough time securing a job too.
  • A poor score means that you will be under high stress and financial insecurity.

0 Credit Score

If your credit report shows “0” credit score, then it’s natural to be worried. However, there is no reason for that because, in most credit reports “0” doesn’t signify the lowest score, but rather than the lack of credit history. In other words- if you have never taken credit in any form, such as credit cards, loans, etc. in your life, it means there is no credit information available, and hence no credit score yet. Once you are under any kind of debt, your lender will submit the information to the credit rating agency and your credit report will be created.

Meaning of Credit Score Range

By matching your credit score with the different groups given above you can easily self-assess your creditworthiness. If your score is poor or even just “fair”, it’s best if you can take it up a notch. This is because your credit report is extremely important, and you should try to keep it in a good condition.

The Credit Report You Haven’t Seen Yet, May Scare you

People who are careful about their physical health usually go in for an annual health check-up, just to make sure that everything is fine. Similarly people who take their financial health seriously should keep an eye on their credit score and report on a regular basis. Your credit report shows a complete record of all the credit accounts. Your credit score is calculated based on the information in credit report. Depending on how you manage your credit and how you handle the payments the credit score determines whether you are a worthy borrower. Checking your free CIBIL report every year helps in keeping your financial life in order. It helps in making sure that all information recorded about you is true and up to date. It helps in uncovering frauds in a timely fashion before the situation goes out of control.

Many people do not care about credit reports until they find a need for a new loan. Many people just check their report before finalizing a car loan, to see whether their credit profile is strong enough to help them bargain for better interest rates. If you are one such individual who hasn’t paid attention to your credit report till now, you may be in for a big surprise. You may find entries in your report that may give you a shock of your life.

Errors in CIBIL report are quite common these days. Such errors are capable of bringing a huge dip in credit score if not corrected on time. Identity theft cases are already on the rise. If someone is using your name to commit a fraud or if someone is charging credit card expenses in your name you may not even be aware of it until you check your credit report.

Finding out that your credit profile is in a mess at the time when you are seeking out a car loan is quite scary. To avoid such a situation one should regularly order the CIBIL report and check it for accuracy.  Check whether you recognize all the loan accounts and credit card accounts that are opened in your name. Ensure that you recognize the transactions made using credit card. If you spot any accounts in your report that you have not opened, any transactions in the billing statements that do not belong to you, or any collection notices that you do not recognize then it could be an identity theft case that may ruin the credit rating.

Immediately report such cases to the creditors who are reporting the fraudulent information and dispute these errors with the credit bureaus. You may also put a fraud alert to the credit report so that no new accounts are opened in your name. Follow up with the bureau till the item is removed from the report.

You should even get small errors like misspell name or address rectified. Such small errors, if not rectified on time, may become a reason for a bigger problem later on. If you want to protect your financial life you should take the complete onus of ensuring that your report is showing true and correct information. To get the errors fixed you can submit a dispute to the credit bureau through email. The bureau will contact the original source of information to verify the details. You may even send supporting document as proof to both the bureau and the creditor to speed up the process.

Apart from errors, even true information in the credit report might take you in for a surprise. Many a times, it is only when you see your credit report and analyse the factors that are bringing your score down do you realize your mistakes that you’ve been doing in the past.  A review of correct information like late payments helps in realizing that small mistakes can prove disastrous for the credit score.

With millions of consumer records being processed every day, errors in credit reports are bound to happen. If you want to avoid unpleasant surprises at the time you need your score to be at its best during loan approvals, monitor the report on a regular basis. It will help you uncover problems before they become difficult to manage. Order your free CIBIL report today.

The 4 Things That Affect Your Credit Score

It’s foolhardy to underestimate the significance of CIBIL score. You might be earning a sizeable income and have multiple assets to your name, but if your CIBIL score is not up to the mark, you can lose the very chance of obtaining a personal loan, home loan, or rather any other type of credit from a bank.

Fortunately, it’s never too late to start caring about your CIBIL score calculation. So, if you want to become more careful with your credit usage, it can help to learn about the top 4 things that affect your CIBIL score:

  1. Payment History

Late payments are often the biggest reason behind a low CIBIL score. These include credit card bills, loan EMIs, etc.

When you don’t pay your credit card bills, etc. on time, it reflects irresponsibility towards money management. Moreover, it shows that you can’t be trusted with credit. Thus, credit rating companies such as CIBIL, Equifax, etc. can deduct a large number of points from your score.

If you want to increase credit score in the fastest way possible, then just start paying your bills on time. Set up reminders on your phone if need be, but make sure that you don’t delay a single payment ever.

  1. High Credit Utilization

Credit utilization plays a big role in CIBIL score calculation, but what’s it exactly?

Credit utilization is the ratio of the amount of credit you spend every month on average to the amount of total credit available to you.

For instance, if you have 2 credit cards, with Rs. 50,000 credit limit on each, then the total credit available becomes Rs. 1 lakh. Now, if your monthly expenditure with the cards is about Rs. 60,000, then the credit utilization ratio becomes:

60,000/100,000 = 0.60 = 60%

If your credit utilization ratio is high, then it can have a negative impact on your score. Although the exact threshold varies from one credit bureau to another, usually it’s around 35% to 40%.

So, by lowering the credit utilization ratio you can increase credit score. The following are two ways you can do that:

  • You can stop using your credit cards frequently. Instead, make payments via mobile wallets, net banking, or even cash.
  • Get a new credit card so that the overall limit is increased and the credit utilization ratio is lowered.
  1. Credit Report Discrepancies

When was the last time you checked your CIBIL report? If there are any mistakes in your personal details, banking data, etc. in your report then it can affect your CIBIL score calculation.

To make sure that your CIBIL report doesn’t damage your credit score, it’s important that you go through an updated copy every now and then. The following are some of the things you should look for: unfamiliar credit card/loan accounts; discrepancies in payment history, personal details, etc.; and false tags such as “settled account”, “defaulting”, etc.

  1. Too Many Loan Requests

When you need a personal loan or a home loan on an urgent basis, then it’s natural to assume that submitting multiple applications to multiple banks can greatly increase your odds of getting an approval from at least one lender. However, nothing can be further from the truth.

When you send out the loan applications at the same time, credit bureaus sense an urgency in this behavior which is not good from the lender’s perspective. Thus, your score could take some damage by this.

In other words, rather than increasing the possibility of you getting a loan, sending multiple loan applications around the same time, can, in fact, lower your odds even further.

If you really want to make sure that you get a loan in the first few attempts, then you must check your CIBIL report first. If it’s all good, you can get a loan without a problem. If it’s not, then you can improve it first, and apply for the loan only after that.

So, these were the most common things that can affect your CIBIL score. Be sure to adjust your credit behavior accordingly so that no only you can prevent your score from any damage, but rather increase it even further.

Length of Credit History vs. Late Payment History, where do you stand?

All of us would have had history as a subject in school. And many of us would also have cribbed about why to learn about something that has gone past. However, the fact is that history is something that all of us have a lot to learn from. We can improve our present by reviewing our past. Goes without saying that our present is an outcome of our actions in past and studying our past does help us in taking better decisions at present.

You must be wondering how is this related to your credit profile. It indeed is. There are two important historical trends that make or break your credit score. In fact these two have the potential to either put you at a position where you are able to save lakhs of rupees or can become part of the loan defaulter list. The two important historical trends that we are referring to here are “length of credit history” and “late payment history”. Let us look at these two important aspects and how do they impact your credibility.

Length of credit history

The length of your credit history means that how long you have been holding a trade line. This is one of the most important aspect reflecting on your credit report that makes your healthier on credit front.

To explain it better, let me put you in a situation. Two known people approach you for Rs 10,000 each. One of them has been known to you for a few years now and you are aware of his history of borrowing money  few times and also about his commitment to repay as soon as the salary gets credited. The other one is a new acquaintance who has joined office about 2 months back and you do not have much awareness about his past. Who would you be comfortable in lending your hard earned money? I am sure your answer would have been the first one.

Similarly the length of credit history reflecting on your CIBIL report helps in establishing a comforting factor with the underwriter of the lending institution. A person who has enjoyed credit facilities from various banks for years v/s a person who is new to credit makes a lot of difference in the process of evaluation.

But the loans keep getting closed over a period. The fact also remains that you would want to pre-close it in case you have some funds available with you. So how to manage the length of credit history? Do not close that old credit card that you may feel has become obsolete in terms of its features. Continuing with that credit card will only help in keeping your credit scores healthy.

Late payment history

While the underwriter evaluates your loan application, the way you have managed your credit in past becomes the single most important factor that can lead to approval or rejection of the application. How have you faired against the payments would lead to impacting the outcome.

Again referring to the above example, if the first person who you had known for a few years had only paid other friends after some follow up or has had defaulted on even one friend’s loan (while paying the others in time) you would be skeptical on extending him with financial help. Just like you, even the structured lending institution would be apprehensive of giving a line of credit to an individual who has had default reflecting on the bureau report. Thus it becomes very important that all loans and credit card payments are happening in time without any delay.

Your length of credit and your repayment history are the two most important pillars of your credit profile and must be maintained. In the absence one may not have access to funding at the time of need.

Is a ‘Perfect’ Credit Score Even Possible? Or It’s a Myth?

The credit score is globally accepted as a signpost to a person’s credit worth. Banks and financial institutions consider this three digit number as a hallmark of your repayment capability. They gauge the risk factor associated with each loan application considering the credit score of the applicant.

In India CIBIL score is primarily considered as the benchmark of a person’s credit score. Credit Information Bureau of India and TransUnion CIBIL Limited are some of the other names of CIBIL which is the premium credit agency of India. It is country’s first credit bureau which modeled a systematic credit scoring system for banks and financial systems.

The CIBIL score is calculated between 300 to 900 points, wherein 900 is the perfect score while 300 is the lowest score. The more closer an individual or a business is to 900 CIBIL score, the better is their credit worth in the eyes of a lender. According to CIBIL 80 % of people with 750 or above points are granted loans by banks.

It is worthwhile to consider here if a good score a guarantee to loan approval? And for that matter, is it practical to get a perfect credit score such as 900 CIBIL points? Is it even possible to attain the perfection or it is just a myth?

It is not possible to state an absolute calculation on what causes low CIBIL score and why. So, let’s find out what compounds a CIBIL score to reach to point of understanding for this query.

Credit score calculations factor in too many aspects which are not absolute in nature and may vary from person to person. Every individual and business vary in terms of their credit worth and so does the impact of their financial moves.

However we can inscribe 5 common factors that affect credit score calculation globally:

  1. Repayments
    To maintain a good credit score, timely repayment of loans and credit bills is a must criterion. Indeed it is one of the key factors that define the stature of your score. According to CIBIL reports discipline in credit repayment can boost your score by 30 to 35 percent. Thus diligent repayment could be your first step towards the perfect CIBIL score.
  2. Credit utilization ratio
    As important it is to repay on time as is to keep a check on your credit accounts. You should always ensure that you do not overuse the credit limit offered to you. Those who exhaust their limit every month are less likely to have a good score. Lenders assume that you are short of cash and your financial situation might be not be as sound for a perfect score. So, using more than your credit limit has a negative impact on your credit report. Indeed it is recommended to limit your credit use far below 30% of total approved limit.
  3. Query
    Always ensure that you do not make multiple queries in a small period of time. Every time you make a query for loan or a credit card, it is marked on your credit report. Frequent queries
    on your report signify credit hungry nature and thus make you financially less strong.

 

  1. Credit mix
    Every time you borrow or use a credit product, the lender undertakes a risk. They charge interest rate to cover up this risk. When you borrow against a property or some other collateral the risk is substantially reduced and thus you are offered a better rate of interest. With this said, I hope it is clear why you should maintain a right credit mix of secured and unsecured loans. Too many unsecured loans restrict your score.
  2. Length of credit

The length of credit history also affects the score. The older is the good history the better effect it will have on your credit report. Thus those who have older history are rated better than new borrowers. This is also why when you close an old credit card with good history, it affects your score negatively.

 

Knowing these factors you can ensure a good score during all the seasons of your life. If however you target the perfection, you need to frequently check your credit report and monitor every activity that hurts your score.

Employers Are Using Credit Checks for Hiring, Hope you are not missing on Good Jobs!

A CIBIL report is like a financial report card that keeps track of your borrowing behaviour. It details the loans that you have taken, your payment patterns and other details relating to your credit history. This information is for sure useful to the banks who use it to evaluate your credit worthiness before granting you loan. In fact the CIBIL score and report have become an integral part of most bank’s loan approval process. But is this information of any use to your prospective employers? It seems very unlikely that your employer would be interested in knowing such details. He should only be concerned about your education qualification, experience, skills and aptitude required to do the job successfully! Right? Wrong!

You may be surprised to hear this, but there are quite a few companies especially in the financial sector who check the credit history before hiring an individual. You may think that your financial health has nothing to do with your capability to perform a job well, but some employers think differently. So next time you go out looking for a job, you need to worry about one more thing apart from your resume and interview preparation; that’s your CIBIL score and report. This practice of reviewing the credit history as a part of employee background check was prevalent in many western countries. Slowly this is gaining acceptance in India as well especially in the financial sector. It will not be long when companies across all sectors will use this as a standard practice.

For what kind of roles is credit check more prevalent?

Positions with financial responsibility, senior executive positions and roles that require handling of confidential or sensitive data usually involve credit checks. Many private sector banks like IndusInd, Standard Charted and DBS bank check the CIBIL report as a part of the thorough background check that they perform before offering a job. Such checks are usually performed for hiring for sensitive roles in an organization.  The rationale behind these checks is that if a person has defaulted on loan payments or not settled credit card dues since long, he may not be considered suitable for handling customer’s funds. Employers use this data to judge how responsible and financially stable you are.

So if your credit report is not in good shape, now is the time to work on improving CIBIL score. As the job market is becoming more and more competitive, companies are analysing the candidates profile more deeply to select the most suitable person for the job. A low CIBIL score may hinder your chances of getting hired for your dream job.

A CIBIL report which shows 100% credit utilization, significant levels of debt, late and missed payments and delinquencies indicates the irresponsible attitude of the individual. If the report shows many settled dues, bankruptcy, foreclosure then you may be seen as an individual with bad intentions. Companies refrain from hiring such individuals as they believe that poor financial health of an individual will have an adverse effect on his or her performance levels at the job. On the other hand a good CIBIL score and report is associated with honesty, integrity and responsibility towards one’s obligations.

What and how can the employer check credit details

Your credit score and credit report are two different things. Your report does not display the three digit number. Your employer can only check your credit report and not your score. Secondly, they cannot do a credit check secretly behind your back. They can do so only after seeking permission from you. The employer will ask you to authorize him and give a written consent to allow him to have a look at your report. So when you sign the authorization documents, you will know that your credit profile will be evaluated. You may refuse a credit check, but then the employers may reject your job application on the grounds that they were unable to complete their screening process.

If you have negative information on your report what should you do?

If you have questionable items on your report, inform the employer before hand as to what they can expect. You need to be prepared with an explanation for the negative record. Companies would want to know how you took charge of the financial situation when you were faced with adversity. Explain what you did to rectify the situation.

Bottom Line

Having excellent skills for the job is no longer enough to guarantee a placement. Employers have adopted the practice of checking CIBIL report to analyse your trustworthiness and attitude towards your responsibilities. So keep a check on your CIBIL report and improve CIBIL score. This will improve your prospects of landing into a good job when you are competing against other equally qualified candidates.

Buying Your First Life Insurance Plan? Here are Things to Keep In Mind

Life is the most valuable asset for anyone and we all shudder at the thought of losing someone we love or for that matter about the loss that our loved ones would endure in case of one passing away.  Though one cannot do anything about the emotional loss that befalls the family in case of death of a loved one but one can take measures to ensure that they do not suffer (especially in the case of dependents) any financial hardships. This is where a life insurance policy comes in; the right life insurance policy would make sure that the dependants are taken care of financially in the event of death of the primary or sole breadwinner. So what should you keep in mind when buying your first life insurance plan?

  • What Life Stage are You In?

If you are buying your first life insurance plan then most likely you are at a stage in life where you have started working recently or have just started a family. However there may be times when you may have missed getting an insurance policy then; better late than never. Each life stage has different requirements and since a life insurance plan is bought primarily to take care of the dependents you need to keep their requirements in mind. As life stage changes so does the number of dependents and the requirements of the family. Insurance needs will be different for an individual who is recently married, both partners are working and they do not have any kids as compared to an individual who has spouse and two kids to support. As the life stage changes so should the insurance cover.

  • How Much Life Cover Do You Need?

The amount of insurance one needs will be dependent on your life stage, your lifestyle and your liabilities too. It is possible that two individuals who are at the same life stage may have different liabilities and hence their requirements may vary. The rule of thumb says that the insurance cover must be ten times the yearly income but there are various methods of calculating how much cover one should have. If one has a loan to service then that should be taken into account when calculating the required life cover, the number of dependents, their education and other requirements etc also must be factored in.

  • Which Plan Suits Your Requirements

There are numerous plans available to take care of the needs of an individual. Term plans give high coverage at low premiums as they are pure insurance plans. Endowment or money back plans guarantee a saving corpus by paying regular premiums and they also provide insurance cover. ULIPs help in wealth creation, though insurance is also provided but the cover provided vis-a-vie the premium is pretty low.  Insurance premiums are dependent on the age, medical health and of course the amount of cover one seeks. Another factor that may impact the premiums is the CIBIL score! Based on the CIBIL score the company will calculate its own insurance score which will indicate the likelihood of a claim. Choosing the right plan based on your requirement is important; for somebody who has just started working and has no liabilities an endowment plan or ULIP could be an option but for someone who wants maximum insurance at lowest premium the Term Plan is the best bet!

  • How is the Claim Process?

As we said earlier an insurance policy is bought to serve the needs of the dependants in the absence the breadwinner. However the policy would be useless if the family is unable to get the funds when they require or the process is too complicated for the family members to follow.  Thus before buying the policy check about the claims process, what is required, how much time it takes and other important aspects related to filing a claim. Do not forget to check the Claim Settlement Ratio of the company as it will give you a fair idea about how the company is at processing claims; it obviously makes sense to choose a company that has higher settlement ratio.

So if you are looking at buying an insurance policy, do keep the above in mind. Also do not forget to try and focus on how to improve CIBIL score so that you can buy a policy without paying higher premiums. A suitable insurance policy is very important for every individual.

Why does the credit score differ between credit bureau?

What is a credit bureau? How does that work? Does that affect my day-to-day life? We are here to give you a proper insight on credit bureaus and their different styles of credit score ratings.

When you apply for a loan, the bank or the non-banking financial firm will try to pull up your credit report. The credit report will have all that is needed to understand you’re past financial history, your current debts. By having a thorough research on the same the bank then considers giving you a loan or any financial product like a credit card. But from where do the banks get the credit report?

There are four major credit bureaus in India; they are Equifax, CIBIL, Experian and Highmark. Majority of banks and Non-banking financial companies in India take assistance of CIBIL in terms of credit report of the customer.

CIBIL was established in the year 2000, Equifax, Experian and Highmark was granted a license in the year 2010 to enter Indian market and help with the credit rating system.

The scoring styles used by all these bureaus are different as they practice differently and do not want to collude with other bureaus.

 The Scoring System

CIBIL- the score ranges from 300 to 900, 300 being the lowest and 900 being the best. You can opt for a free cibil score from various Internet websites, but if you want a detailed report it will cost you INR 500.  It is not necessary to have a perfect 900 to get the loans sanctioned, every bank have their own protocols and you can avail a loan with a low CIBIL score as well but with a high interest rate. You can get the report within 7 working days once applied.

EQUIFAX- Equifax has a different approach when it comes to scores. Their score ranges from 1 to 999, on that 1 being the lowest and 999 being the highest, they more incline on the corporate side rather than individuals, the major services provided by them are Credit risk and fraud, industry diagnostics, etc. They take 10 days to generate the report. You can get it for INR 400.

EXPERIAN- Experian credit ranges just like CIBIL that is between 300 and 900, 900 being the highest and 300 the lowest. Experian on the other hand and more inclined to collection and money recovery, data analysis and customer acquisition. Usually they take 20 days, but with you a speedy process you can get it within 15 days. This will cost you INR 399 + Taxes.

HIGHMARK- the credit range in case of Highmark is a bit complicated, the score ranges from 300 to 850, but the scores are considered poor, if they are below 640 and are excellent when above 720. They specialize in verification, credit assist, data quality management etc.

The reserve bank of India has mandated all the financial institutions to access the credit scores to analyze if the individual is credit worthy.

You can increase your cibil score by fair practicing, pay your bills on time, do not hand on bad debts. With the perfect CIBIL score you can avail a lot of financial benefits, these credit bureaus also help you analyze how you could improve your credit scores. It only used to happen when credit report is used to determine loans, but now we are taking steps towards using it for every little transactions some sited like,

Screening for postpaid SIM card connections, Credit reports for online sellers, fixing insurance premiums, using the report to analyze prospective tenants, etc.

The credit score awareness is less among Indian people, hence they lack in credit discipline. Many people are unaware of the poor credit score and are denied loans. The bureaus play a vital role for banks for determining the credit worthiness of an individual.

How lenders estimate credit for mortgage loan requests?

Are you facing a financial crunch? Are you in need of urgent funding? You may approach a bank with a mortgage loan request.

Financial crisis is a very common problem. Your existing property can however take care of your crisis. A mortgage loan helps you to raise funds to meet financial shortage. This is a Secured Loan in which you keep your immovable property (home) as a deposit and take money from the lender. The borrower needs to repay the loan via regular monthly installments within a particular period of time.

But before you do that, you must know how lenders estimate credit for mortgage loan requests.

Mortgage Loan Eligibility   

Both salaried as well as self-Employed individuals can apply for a Mortgage Loan.

To avail a mortgage credit, you need to carry out certain minimum eligibility conditions. The following are some of the factors considered by the lenders while determining your eligibility for a mortgage loan:

  • Minimum age: You should be minimum of 21 years of age at the time of the loan application.
  • Annual income: What income is required to qualify for a mortgage loan depends on the lender.
  • Existing liabilities (if any): Your monthly liabilities are taken into consideration (say living expenses, other EMIs and bills)
  • The valuation of your property (to be mortgaged): The lender generally approves 80% of the registered value of your property as the loan.
  • Number of dependents: If you are responsible for the livelihood or upkeep of some members in the family; they are your dependents (spouse, kids, and parents).
  • Total work experience and stability in current job: How long you have been in the current organization or business, your qualification definitely play a vital role in assessing your loan eligibility. Lenders prefer stability of job and prefer those who are employed for at least two years.
  • Proper financial documents: You should have proper and relevant financial documents (pay slips, ITR, bank statements) to avail the loan.

Basically after gathering information about your income and debts the lender assesses your credit profile. They determine how much you could afford to borrow. Before prequalifying, they adjudge your ability and willingness to repay the loan.

For ability check, the emphasis is put on your income and job stability. However to check willingness to repay they would ask you the purpose of property use. They would check your credit report to closely study your previous history of meeting any such commitments.

Your credit report speaks volumes about your credit repayment history. Looking into your report if the lender finds the report is plagued with derogatory remarks and red flags, it might reject the loan application. The red flags indicate that you didn’t make timely payment of loans in the past or settled with the bank (that is again did not pay in full). In case there is any delinquency, then a valid reason for the same has to be given with proper evidences. All in all, low CIBIL score literally could scupper your mortgage application.

You are usually entitled to get a Loan Against Property (LAP) up to 80% of the registered value depending on your repayment capacity. It is important to keep in mind that every bank has its own set policy to evaluate your property and assess the borrower’s eligibility to repay the loan.

If you have a good monthly in-hand and you are not servicing any other loan, you are eligible to get 60 times your monthly net income as a loan. However if you seek bigger amount you can use home equity to raise the funds.

So whether you are looking for additional funds to meet educational expenses, marriage expenses, medical expenses or even business reasons you need not worry! If you have a property in your name you can use LAP from any of the banks such as HDFC home loan and meet the financial obligations.

It is important to understand here that there are no fixed rules to estimate the eligibility for mortgage. Each lender would consider an application on individual basis.

Being a borrower however you should do a proper homework and know the amount of loan you seek. You should negotiate as much as possible on loan duration and rate of interest. You should ask the lender if there are any prepayment charges. With a home equity at stake you should not leave any stone unturned to ensure the affordability of the loan.