Are you facing a financial crunch? Are you in need of urgent funding? You may approach a bank with a mortgage loan request.
Financial crisis is a very common problem. Your existing property can however take care of your crisis. A mortgage loan helps you to raise funds to meet financial shortage. This is a Secured Loan in which you keep your immovable property (home) as a deposit and take money from the lender. The borrower needs to repay the loan via regular monthly installments within a particular period of time.
But before you do that, you must know how lenders estimate credit for mortgage loan requests.
Mortgage Loan Eligibility
Both salaried as well as self-Employed individuals can apply for a Mortgage Loan.
To avail a mortgage credit, you need to carry out certain minimum eligibility conditions. The following are some of the factors considered by the lenders while determining your eligibility for a mortgage loan:
- Minimum age: You should be minimum of 21 years of age at the time of the loan application.
- Annual income: What income is required to qualify for a mortgage loan depends on the lender.
- Existing liabilities (if any): Your monthly liabilities are taken into consideration (say living expenses, other EMIs and bills)
- The valuation of your property (to be mortgaged): The lender generally approves 80% of the registered value of your property as the loan.
- Number of dependents: If you are responsible for the livelihood or upkeep of some members in the family; they are your dependents (spouse, kids, and parents).
- Total work experience and stability in current job: How long you have been in the current organization or business, your qualification definitely play a vital role in assessing your loan eligibility. Lenders prefer stability of job and prefer those who are employed for at least two years.
- Proper financial documents: You should have proper and relevant financial documents (pay slips, ITR, bank statements) to avail the loan.
Basically after gathering information about your income and debts the lender assesses your credit profile. They determine how much you could afford to borrow. Before prequalifying, they adjudge your ability and willingness to repay the loan.
For ability check, the emphasis is put on your income and job stability. However to check willingness to repay they would ask you the purpose of property use. They would check your credit report to closely study your previous history of meeting any such commitments.
Your credit report speaks volumes about your credit repayment history. Looking into your report if the lender finds the report is plagued with derogatory remarks and red flags, it might reject the loan application. The red flags indicate that you didn’t make timely payment of loans in the past or settled with the bank (that is again did not pay in full). In case there is any delinquency, then a valid reason for the same has to be given with proper evidences. All in all, low CIBIL score literally could scupper your mortgage application.
You are usually entitled to get a Loan Against Property (LAP) up to 80% of the registered value depending on your repayment capacity. It is important to keep in mind that every bank has its own set policy to evaluate your property and assess the borrower’s eligibility to repay the loan.
If you have a good monthly in-hand and you are not servicing any other loan, you are eligible to get 60 times your monthly net income as a loan. However if you seek bigger amount you can use home equity to raise the funds.
So whether you are looking for additional funds to meet educational expenses, marriage expenses, medical expenses or even business reasons you need not worry! If you have a property in your name you can use LAP from any of the banks such as HDFC home loan and meet the financial obligations.
It is important to understand here that there are no fixed rules to estimate the eligibility for mortgage. Each lender would consider an application on individual basis.
Being a borrower however you should do a proper homework and know the amount of loan you seek. You should negotiate as much as possible on loan duration and rate of interest. You should ask the lender if there are any prepayment charges. With a home equity at stake you should not leave any stone unturned to ensure the affordability of the loan.