Application Checklist for you before Taking A Loan

Personal loan is a very convenient way of borrowing money from banks and NBFCs to meet any immediate financial need. The process is extremely fast and simple provided you have all the documents required in order. Since personal loans are unsecured, banks need to ascertain the credit risk associated with the borrower before sanctioning the loan. They approve of a certain loan amount depending upon the repayment capacity of the borrower. They require you to submit proof of income and some other important documents to ascertain your eligibility for the loan.

There are some important things that one must take care of before applying for a personal loan. Here is an application checklist that will guide you if you are availing for the personal loan for the first time.

Checking the credit score

Since banks use your credit score to determine your eligibility for the loan, it is a good practice to check your score yourself first to know your chances of approval. Order your free credit report from any of the three credit rating agencies to analyse your credit standing. Having an excellent score helps in instilling confidence in the lenders and bargain for an attractive rate of interest. However, if you don’t have a very good score you can opt for personal loan without CIBIL score that are available at exorbitant interest rates.

Finding the Eligibility criteria

Different lenders take into consideration different factors to ascertain a person’s eligibility for the loan. Find out the eligibility criteria of the specific lender with whom you wish to apply for the loan. Check the parameters like age, occupation, income and credit score before proceeding with the application. Get a list of documents required so that you have all the relevant paper work when you apply for the loan.

List of required Documents

Contact your lender and get a checklist of the documents that you need to submit along with your application. The requirements of the documents vary based on the profession, income and loan requirements. However there are some common documents that you must have in handy. For an ICICI Personal loan you may require

  1. Valid Proof of identity- A copy of passport, PAN Card, Voter Id Card or driving licence serve0s as a proof.

  2. Proof of address – Copy of passport, Aadhaar card, rental agreement, utility bill, ratio card.

  3. Proof of Age

  4. Financial documents

  • For salaried employees- Bank statement for last 6 months, Salary slips of last 3 months, Form 16 for last 2 years, Employment certificate or appointment letter

  • For self-employed Individuals- Bank statements of savings and current account, proof of office address, ownership proof, Income tax returns of last 2 years, detailed financial audit including Profit and Loss statement and Balance sheet. Since the source of income of self-employed individuals is riskier than that of salaried individuals, these documents help in providing an assurance to the bank that they have a steady inflow of funds.

  1. Passport size photograph

Since personal loan is unsecured in nature, the lender verifies the documents thoroughly to make sure that the borrower has the capacity to repay the loan.

Interest rate charged

The rate of interest determines your monthly EMI on the loan. Find out the best rate that you can get. Also look at the processing fees, late payment charges, prepayment fee etc. It is important to have a clear understanding of these charges before you apply for the loan.

Repayment plan

Use the EMI calculator to plan your repayment in advance and choose a tenure that suits your budget. Take into consideration any major changes in your income or expenses that you expect in near future. Being realistic helps in avoiding any future defaults on loan that may adversely affect your CIBIL score.

Taking care of this essential checklist will ensure that you get approved for a personal loan at good terms and rate of interest.

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How to Plan Your Dream Wedding Without Spending Your Savings?

Life is but a long sequence of good and bad moments. However, some moments are more special and important than the others, one of which is your marriage.

It’s true that you don’t tie the knot every day. Plus, it’s a special occasion because it’s the beginning of a new chapter, or rather a new life. Thus, it’s understandable if you want to organize a lavish and festive wedding, with no concern for the expenses. However, is using your savings for the same a good idea? Let’s find out.

Weddings in India

Indians weddings are known for their grandeur and plush display. However, to make arrangements for these, a massive amount of money is required. This is the reason why many young professionals turn to their savings for help. They liquidate their fixed deposit accounts, bonds, and other long-term investments to fund their weddings. However, this is not recommended by the finance experts for the following reasons:

  • After you get married, many new expenses may need to be taken care of, such as home loan, new furniture, travel, car loan, etc. However, if you have spent all your savings on the wedding, then you won’t be able to clear these expenses.
  • You must always have an emergency fund for financial security. For instance, if for any reason, you lose your job or develop a serious illness, then you should have enough money to handle the situation without needing money from anyone else.

What’s the Solution?

A personal loan is the best solution for funding your dream wedding because of the following factors:

 

Peace of Mind

The biggest and most important reason to get a personal loan is that it gives you the peace of mind when you know your savings safe and untouched. So, you can enjoy planning your wedding without a worry and pay for all expenses easily.

With a personal loan, you also don’t need to go through the inconvenience of selling your mutual funds, bonds, etc. to get the money. Instead, you can give your full attention to the most important event of your life i.e. your marriage.

Fast Disbursal

The approval process for a personal loan isn’t as complicated as a home loan or education loan which require an excellent cibil report and often a loan guarantor too. There are also few formalities and minimum waiting period.

These days, many banks offer special loans which are designed for exclusively for marriages. So, you can also look into them to get the money even more easily and quickly.

Competitive Interest Rates

Thanks to the large number of NBFCs and other financial institutions that have emerged on the surface today, the interest rates and perks offered on the personal loans are extremely competitive. So, if your timing is just right, and your CIBIL report is impressive, then you can easily get an attractive interest rate that will help you repay your loan quickly.

How to get a wedding loan?

To get the best possible loan for your wedding, be sure to do your research and compare the interest rates online. Other than this, you must keep the following things in mind:

  • Wedding Budget: A wedding comprises of various kinds of expenses. However, when you take a loan, then you have to make sure that you have as accurate of a budget as possible. This is to avoid a situation in which your loan is way smaller than your actual expenditure.
  • CIBIL report: One of the most important things you need to do to get a low interest rate is to improve your credit report. This is because all banks decide the interest rate and the terms of the loan on the basis of this important document only.
  • Loan Documents: Make sure that you have the appropriate documents to apply for the loan. These include your ID, proof of income, bank statements, etc.

In Conclusion

Weddings are meant to be thoroughly enjoyed and cherished, there are no two ways to it. However, you can’t let your emotions come in the way of your discretion. So, spend as much money you feel comfortable with, but don’t splurge your savings when a personal loan is a much safer option.

 

Bank Pulling Your Credit Report? Wait, Don’t Freak Out

Unless you seek to borrow funds from your friends or relatives or from a lender who is not a part of the mainstream organized financial structure you cannot circumvent an inquiry into your credit score. Thus whenever an applicant applies for a loan or a new credit card the prospective lender will seek the applicants credit report to assess their credit health and then based on that they will decide whether to accept the application or not. Credit check is not only a part of the screening process used by lenders when assessing potential candidates but it is the first step in that process. So the borrower or an applicant can do nothing about a financial institution seeking their CIR when applying for credit. However is this a cause of worry?

Impact of a Bank Pulling Your Credit Report:

Banks or any other lender seeking the applicant’s report is part of the screening process and is beneficial to both the lender and borrower. Lenders can eliminate applicants who pose a threat of default as may be revealed by their credit score and for the borrower it means a more objective process of screening which is not based on subjective factors. So what happens when a bank pulls the CIR of an individual?

A credit report consists of various sections and each section has information related to that aspect respectively. There is a personal information section which will have details about name, contact details and so on for the person; the accounts details section will have details about home loans, personal loans, auto loans, all credit cards that a person may have and so on while the inquiries section will have details about the inquiries that have been made about the credit score of the individual. Thus which financial institution sought the report of the applicant and when will be recorded in this section.  There are five aspects that are taken into account when the credit score is calculated. Inquiries information is one of the five factors and each inquiry can cause the credit score to fall.

So is there a Cause of Worry?

Despite hard inquiries causing a dip in the credit score there is no reason to worry about it when a bank seeks the CIR. This is due to a couple of reasons; the first reason being that each hard enquiry will cause a dip of only five points or so in the score. The actual impact will depend on some other aspects also; if there are few accounts and the credit history is not very deep then the impact of each hard inquiry will be slightly higher. When there are a larger number of accounts and the credit history is deeper then each inquiry will have a comparatively lesser impact on credit score.

Though hard inquiries are taken into account when calculating the score but their weightage is only 10% thus their actual impact is very less when compared to other aspects like repayment history and credit utilization ratio. Thus if one has been responsible in paying their dues on time in the past and has also been a responsible credit card user their overall score is expected to be good. If there are missed payments, high credit utilization ratio and too many unsecured loans in the credit report then there is not much that can be done. In such a scenario a bank pulling your report will just worsen the score slightly.

So unless one makes reckless applications for loans there should not be a cause of worry.  When calculating the score only inquiries that were made in the past two years are considered which should reduce the stress level for any applicant.

When applying for a loan the applicant should ensure that they check the eligibility criteria of the lender so that they are sure of their application being accepted. Also stay away from applying for a loan or fresh credit unless absolutely necessary, this will save you from unnecessary hard inquiries and any impact on the credit rating.

Elements that Decide Approval of Personal Loan for Self-employed

When a self-employed individual applies for a Personal Loan to a bank or NBFC; the lender considers a few factors before approving the finance. The consideration for loan approval depends on the financial eligibility factors including age of the borrower, the reason for the advance and alike. Well, there is no denying the fact that credit score of the individual is one of the most important factors considered by the banks.

Critical Factors that Define Approval of Personal Loan for a Self-employed:

  • Income Tax Returns:

First of all the bank would consider if you have filed your income tax returns on time or not. Lenders are exceedingly particular when it comes to Income Tax Returns (ITR) for a minimum of last three years of individuals approaching for a PL.

  • Existence of the Business:

The time span of a business assures the lender about the reliability and sustainability. Your business duration actually ensures if you can pay back the loan in time. The stability of the business and your source of income is truly essential.

  • Income and Profits:

If you are able to repay without defaulting is the primary concern of the lender. Your disposable earnings as a self-employed professional would help the lender to assess your capacity to repay the loan.

  • Nature of the Business:

Some businesses could be unstable or rather seasonal. This definitely won’t give adequate assurance to the bank about your repayment ability every month. The kind of business, therefore, does play a vital role when you apply for a personal loan as a self-employed individual.

  • End use of the fund

You need to declare the purpose of availing the loan. The bank judges if it is your actual need or just self-indulgence.

When you approach a bank as a self-employed individual for personal loan they need to ensure if you are worthy of receiving credit or not. This worthiness depends on how good you are with your finances. If you have serviced loans successfully earlier; it confirms that you would be repaying the loan on time without missing payments. The process that banks and other financial institutions follow to know your credit worthiness is through your CIBIL (Credit Information Bureau Limited) score.

  • Your age:

On age the factor, consideration may differ from lender to lender. A self-employed person should be within 25 to 65 years of age.

  • Right Documents:

Never submit fake documents to the bank when you apply for a personal loan.

Now, while all these factors play a noteworthy role, whether a PL would be approved for a self employed, Cibil score (Credit History) turns out to be the crucial one.

So before applying for the loan it is important that you ensure that you have a good score.

What factors lower CIBIL Score?

  • Too many Personal loans
  • Missing loan installments
  • Coming too close to the limit on credit cards
  • Not paying credit cards back on time
  • Not paying credit cards in full
  • Too many rejected applications for loans/credit cards
  • Settling credit cards

However if you have a low CIBIL score, you need to know how to get Personal loan for Low CIBIL score.

While the CIBIL data says 80 per cent of the loans that get sanctioned have a score higher than 750; nevertheless, the CIBIL score is not the only factor which lenders take into consideration while deciding and approving a Personal loan to a self-employed individual. A mainstream bank may ignore a credit card default in the past if you have a regular good income flow.  Your future financial prospects, demographics, education, socio-economic conditions may help you in getting a PL despite your low CIBIL score.

NBFCs (Non-banking financial Institutions) are relatively flexible with credit scores and the cut-offs as compared to banks. If you have a low credit score, you are advised to approach a NBFC instead of a mainstream bank.

You may choose to approach a Peer-to-peer (P2P) lending website. You may get a personal loan regardless of your low credit score.

If the cause for your low score is a failure to pay, it is suggested to clarify the lender why you had failed to pay. In case it was not an intentional default; lenders at times might excuse. If you have a convincing explanation with evidence say, you had a sudden loss in business or there was a medical emergency for which you couldn’t afford to pay back; put across clearly. If found authentic; the lender might consider.

All in all if you make plan thoughtfully you could easily grab the best deal!